Forty years ago in the Camp David negotiations, Prime Minister Begin’s team was unalterably opposed to any considerations for a Palestinian state. Since then four Israeli prime ministers have proposed some variation of a demilitarized Palestinian state. Prime Minister Netanyahu’s June 2009 suggestions provide insightful context.
Memorandum of Conversation Between President Carter and Foreign Minister DayanMay 30, 2018
October 4, 1977: Six weeks before Sadat’s historic trip to Jerusalem, Israeli Foreign Minister Dayan told President Carter that Israel would not withdraw from the West Bank, would not allow foreign sovereignty to be placed there, would not leave settlements, and would oppose the creation of a Palestinian state. Firmly opposed to these Israeli views, Carter threatened Israel with a ‘confrontation’ and ‘isolation.’ These differences and acrid tones separated Israel and the US until Carter left office in January 1981.
David Ben-Gurion’s “Vision and Redemption”May 15, 2018
Ben-Gurion elegantly connects modern Israel from messianic redemption to Zionism, building the country through labor and immigration, with dual needs to remain actively linked to the Jewish diaspora and Jewish values through education.
Oslo Accords (Declaration of Principles on Interim Self- Government Agreements)May 3, 2018
Negotiated through the Norwegians, the Accords call for limited Palestinian rule in some of the territories; it did not call for a Palestinian state or an end to settlements.
Reagan and Shamir on US-Israel cooperationApril 27, 2018
Areas of bi-lateral political and military cooperation are noted to fend off Soviet involvement in the the Middle East, to assist Israel in building the Lavi aircraft, to assure an independent Lebanon, and promote Arab-Israeli negotiations.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to the Israeli KnessetApril 19, 2018
(20 November 1977) Israel. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “Speech by Egyptian President Sadat to the Knesset.” Israel’s Foreign Relations: selected documents, 1977-1979. Ed. Medzini, Meron. Jerusalem: Ahva Press, 1981. 182-90. Print. We Truly Welcome you to Live Among us in Peace and Security In the name of God, Mr. Speaker of the Knesset, ladies and […]
The Alon PlanApril 12, 2018
July 26, 1967: The Alon Plan reflects a response to Israel’s pre-1967 war border vulnerability seeking a future west bank arrangement that is not a strategic/geographic threat to Israel and its coastal plain population centers.
David Ben-Gurion: “Vision and Redemption”April 5, 2018
In addition to being Israel’s first Prime Minister and the most significant leader in the Jewish community –yishuv – in Palestine before the state’s establishment, David Ben-Gurion was above all a Zionist enthusiast, expressed through his prolific writings.
Israel Declaration of IndependenceMarch 29, 2018
May 14, 1948: The Declaration recounts the Jewish connection to the land of Israel, the birth of Zionism, and recognition by the UN of a Jewish state’s legitimacy. It also promises that the state will be a democracy for all its citizens.
Jewish Request at the End of WWII: Let My People Go [to Palestine]!March 19, 2018
May 13, 1945: Moshe Sharett urges British and US to open Palestine to unimpeded Jewish immigration from