Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, US President Jimmy Carter, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin sign the Camp David Accords, September 17, 1978
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, US President Jimmy Carter, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin sign the Camp David Accords, September 17, 1978. Photo credit: The Jimmy Carter Presidential Library.

The following documents comprise a 10-part collection examining the Carter Administration's efforts to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict. Partial success culminated with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signing the Camp David Accords in 1978 and the resultant Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty in 1979. This curated series contains a small selection of more than several hundred documents that will be published in fall 2018. They are drawn from published and unpublished items housed in the Israeli State Archives, the Carter Presidential Library, and the Foreign Relations of the United States.


Minutes of a Policy Review Committee Meeting About the Middle East

April 19, 1977

When the Carter Administration entered office in 1977, an early foreign policy priority was to kick-start Middle East negotiations. In this Policy Review Committee Meeting, Carter’s staff proposed a negotiating outcome that would pass through a conference, including the withdrawal of Israel’s forces to almost the 1967 borders, bringing the PLO into talks as Palestinian representatives, all the while seeking to uphold Israel's security requirements.

Memorandum of Conversation between Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and US President Jimmy Carter

July 19, 1977

Following his surprise electoral victory in May, Prime Minister Menachem Begin traveled to Washington in an effort to establish a positive rapport with President Carter. While this initial meeting was cordial, each met the others’ stubbornness, a characteristic that would keep their relationship respectful but acrid for years to come.

Memorandum of Conversation between US President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan

October 4, 1977

Common to both the Labor Party and to Begin’s government was a fear that the US would pressure Israel into unwanted concessions and deny Israel its right to sovereign decision-making. It was a concern that Dayan expressed in this October 1977 meeting, and one that he would articulate on several occasions during the Camp David negotiations.