Martin Buber is Born

February 8, 2019

Renowned philosopher Martin Buber is born in Vienna. Following his parents’ divorce when he was three years old, Buber spends much of his childhood in Lemberg, Ukraine, raised by his grandparents in their religious home. Buber emigrates to Jerusalem in 1933.

Jordan’s King Hussein Passes Away

February 7, 2019

Jordan’s King Hussein, who in 1994 became the second leader of an Arab state to make peace with Israel, dies of complications related to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Direct Election Held for Prime Minister

February 6, 2019

In the only instance in Israel’s history, a direct election is held for Prime Minister without a simultaneous election for the Knesset.

First Tu B’Shvat Tree Planting Takes Place in The Land of Israel

February 5, 2019

The custom of planting trees in Israel on Tu B’Shvat begins when Ze’ev Yavetz, an educator in Zichron Ya’akov, takes his students to plant trees on the holiday.

Resolution Calls for New School Syllabus in Greece

February 4, 2019

In Salonica, the Conference of Greek Zionists adopts a resolution declaring that Jewish education in the Alliance Israelite Universelle Schools does not meet with Jewish national views and aspirations. They call for a new syllabus.

Zionist Case Is Presented at Paris Peace Conference

February 3, 2019

A delegation of the Zionist Organization, led by Chaim Weizmann, presents the case for a Jewish homeland in Palestine to the Paris Peace Conference following World War I.

Abba Eban Is Born

February 2, 2019

Israeli politician, diplomat, historian, and writer Abba Eban is born in Cape Town, South Africa.

Khomeini Returns to Iran

February 1, 2019

After 15 years in exile, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran, two weeks after the Shah of Iran flees the country.

Ben-Gurion Resigns over Lavon Affair

January 31, 2019

Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns as a result of the controversial, covert operation in Egypt, setting the stage for new elections in the summer of 1961.

Recha Freier Establishes Foundations of Youth Aliyah

January 30, 2019

The same day that Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul Von Hindenburg, Recha Freier establishes the Committee for the Assistance of Jewish Youth.

Ephraim Kishon Passes Away

January 29, 2019

Israeli writer, playwright, and film writer/director Ephraim Kishon passes away at the age of 80 in Switzerland.

France Grants Citizenship to Sephardi Jews

January 28, 2019

Sephardi Jews living in France are granted equal rights and given French citizenship by the National Assembly.