First International Conference and Festival of Jewish Theater Convene

July 3

The First International Conference and Festival of Jewish Theater opens in Tel Aviv. The festival coincides with the beginning of the first war in Lebanon and is almost canceled because many Israeli participants were called up for reserve duty.

Yossi Benayoun Signs Contract with Chelsea Football Club

July 2

Chelsea Football Club, one of Europe’s most prized teams, offers Yossi Benayoun, one of Israel’s top soccer players, a three-year, multimillion-dollar deal.

Charter of Duke Frederick II of Austria Is Issued

July 1

In 1244, the Duke issues a charter extending rights to Jews. His goal is to build the region’s economy. The charter encourages Jewish money-lending and Jewish migration to an outlying area. It also guarantees Jewish safety.

Religious Kibbutz Tirat Zvi Founded

June 30

June 30, 1937 Kibbutz Tirat Zvi is established in the Beit She’an Valley as one of the first religious kibbutzim. The kibbutz is just west of the Jordan River and just north of what becomes the Jordanian-controlled West Bank after the 1948 War of Independence. German, Polish and Russian Jews open the kibbutz about six […]

British Round Up Resistance Fighters

June 29

June 29, 1946 The British military launches Operation Agatha, a two-week series of raids and arrests of Jewish resistance fighters, on a day that comes to be known as Black Sabbath. Involving some 17,000 soldiers, the operation is a response to the destruction June 17 of 10 bridges linking Palestine to its neighbors by the […]

Jerusalem Officially Reunited

June 28

June 28, 1967 Israel publishes the Jerusalem Declaration, announcing the reunification of the ancient holy city under Israeli sovereignty after the Six-Day War, which ended June 10. The announcement comes 23 days after Jordan chose to ignore Israeli warnings and enter the Six-Day War by firing artillery into Jerusalem and occupying the U.N. headquarters in […]

Shin Bet Head Ami Ayalon Born

June 27

June 27, 1945 Ami Ayalon, who leads the Shin Bet and the Israeli navy, is born in Tiberias. He serves in the navy from 1963 to 1996. He volunteers for the Shayetet 13 commando unit, which he commands for a time beginning in 1979. While serving with Shayetet 13 in 1969, he takes part in […]

Musician Naomi Shemer Dies

June 26

June 26, 2004 Israel Prize-winning musician Naomi Shemer, best known for writing “Jerusalem of Gold,” dies at age 73 at Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv after a long battle with cancer. Born in 1930 at Kvutzat Kinneret, a Sea of Galilee kibbutz her parents helped found, she began singing at a young age and led […]

Bridge of Strings Opens

June 25

June 25, 2009 Jerusalem holds a $500,000 extravaganza to inaugurate the Chords Bridge, also known as the Bridge of Strings, at the main entrance to the city. Its designer, Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, has built more than 40 bridges around the world, including a pedestrian bridge in Petah Tikva, but says the Bridge of Strings […]

Arabs Stage National Equality Strike

June 24

June 24, 1987 Arabs across Israel hold an Equality Day strike, organized by the National Committee of Local Arab Council Heads, to demand an end to all discrimination against Israel’s 700,000 Arabs, who at the time constitute 17% of the Israeli population. The top demand of the strikers is for the Interior Ministry to fund […]

Photographer Alex Levac Born

June 23

June 23, 1944 Photojournalist Alex Levac, a 2005 winner of the Israel Prize, is born in Tel Aviv. A 1967 graduate of Tel Aviv University with a degree in philosophy and psychology, Levac completes his studies in photography at the London College of Printing in 1971. He spends a decade working as a freelance photographer […]

NBA Player Omri Casspi Born

June 22

June 22, 1989 Basketball player Omri Casspi, the first Israeli to play in the National Basketball Association, is born in Holon to parents of Moroccan heritage. He grows up in Yavne and plays for Israeli powerhouse Maccabi Tel Aviv’s youth team from age 13 to 17. A small forward who also can play inside, he […]