Arab Rebellion Breaks Out in Palestine

April 15

Violence between Jews and Arabs quickly escalated as Arab workers went on a six-month strike as violence erupted in different parts of British-ruled Palestine.

Unification of German Empire Leads to Jewish Emancipation

April 14

Jews in all of Germany were finally given emancipation when the North German Confederation Constitution was extended to Bavaria.

Israeli “Black Panthers” Meet with Prime Minister Meir to Discuss Mizrahi Jews

April 13

Emerging in the early seventies, to protest against the social injustices felt by the Mizrahi Jews in Israel, the Black Panthers staged a number of demonstrations in the country and began to generate widespread support.

Knesset Passes Resolution for Creating Yom Hashoah (Holocaust Memorial Day)

April 12

A resolution was passed by the Knesset, establishing the 27th day of Nisan as Yom Hashoah (“Holocaust Memorial Day”), a memorial day for the Jews who were victims to the Nazis.

Tel Aviv Is Founded

April 11

Sixty-six families gathered on the sand dunes outside of Jaffa and selected lots for property in a new neighborhood called Ahuzat Bayit (“Homestead”) that became the first modern Jewish city, Tel Aviv.

Golda Meir Resigns as Prime Minister

April 10

Following a week of intense public debate and finger pointing, Prime Minister Golda Meir announced that she was resign as leader of the country at a Labor Party meeting.

Saudi Foreign Minister Tells President Carter They Are Prepared To Recognize Israel

April 9

After Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s diplomatic opening with Israel, almost all Arab states publicly criticized his engagement with Jerusalem.

Fourth Annual Palestine and Near East Exhibition and Fair Opens in Tel Aviv

April 8

The 1929 Palestine and Near East Exhibition was the last of four smaller exhibitions which would eventually become (in 1932) the Levant Fair or Orient Fair (Yerid Hamizrach).

Israel and Syria Engage in Air Battle

April 7

After unarmored Israeli tractors were fired upon in the demilitarized zone, Israeli forces began to return fire. The event soon escalated.

Ben-Gurion Outlines Five Keys to Success in 1948 Independence War

April 6

Ben-Gurion feared that there were too many decision-making centers in the Yishuv and that urgency and immediacy demanded one single voice.

Tennis Star Jonathan Erlich Is Born in Argentina

April 5

Professional tennis player Jonathan Erlich, known as Yoni, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on April 5, 1977.

Joint Chiefs Advise Truman on Trusteeship in Palestine

April 4

The United States was deeply worried that supporting the establishment of a Jewish state would jeopardize Arab oil supplies and force the US to send troops, risking a confrontation with the USSR.