Selig Brodetsky Passes AwayMay 18
Shortly after assuming the Presidency of Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Selig Brodetsky suffered a major heart attack.
British White Paper Restricts Jewish Immigration and Land PurchaseMay 17
The 1939 White Paper signaled Britain’s readiness to relegate the Jews in Palestine to minority status in a future majority-Arab state.
“Jerusalem of Gold” Debuts at the Annual Israel Song FestivalMay 15
The Voice of Israel Song Festival was created in 1960 as part of Israel’s Independence Day celebration and as an opportunity to showcase Israel’s emerging culture.
Israel Declares IndependenceMay 14
On Friday afternoon in the Tel Aviv Museum, David Ben-Gurion, chairman of the Provisional State Council, declares Israel’s independence. The United States is the first country to recognize the new and already besieged state of Israel.
Israelis Participate in Conference with Moroccan JewsMay 13
In 1984, there were approximately 20,000 Jews in Morocco. Both Israelis and Arabs were suspicious of the May 13-14 Conference on the Jewish Communities of Morocco which was held in Rabat.
Mitzpe Gevulot Established in NegevMay 12
The agricultural outpost of Mitzpe Gevulot was established.
Israel Museum Opens in JerusalemMay 11
The concept of a national museum originated in the early years of Zionist settlement in the Yishuv. Boris Schatz, the founder of the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts, opened the Bezalel Museum in 1912.
PLO Leader Yasser Arafat Calls For a Jihad to Recapture JerusalemMay 10
In a closed-door address at a Johannesburg mosque, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat delivers a brief speech in which he calls for a jihad to liberate Jerusalem.
Iranian Jewish Leader Habib Elghanian is ExecutedMay 9
Following a show trial lasting only twenty minutes, Habib Elghanian was executed by firing squad.
Rabbi Abba Silver Addresses the UN General AssemblyMay 8
In his address, Abba Hillel Silver called upon UNSCOP to honor the 1917 Balfour Declaration.
Histadrut Labor Federation Accepts Arab WorkersMay 7
Created in 1920 to serve as a neutral, independent trade union representing all Jewish workers in Palestine, the Histadrut had grown to 503,000 members by 1953, representing approximately 75% of the country’s workers.
U.S. and Israel Cooperate on the Strategic Defense InitiativeMay 6
Israel and the United States sign a secret agreement for Israeli participation in Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”) research.