Israelis Participate in Conference with Moroccan Jews

May 13

In 1984, there were approximately 20,000 Jews in Morocco. Both Israelis and Arabs were suspicious of the May 13-14 Conference on the Jewish Communities of Morocco which was held in Rabat.

Mitzpe Gevulot Established in Negev

May 12

The agricultural outpost of Mitzpe Gevulot was established.

Israel Museum Opens in Jerusalem

May 11

The concept of a national museum originated in the early years of Zionist settlement in the Yishuv. Boris Schatz, the founder of the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts, opened the Bezalel Museum in 1912.

PLO Leader Yasser Arafat Calls For a Jihad to Recapture Jerusalem

May 10

In a closed-door address at a Johannesburg mosque, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat delivers a brief speech in which he calls for a jihad to liberate Jerusalem.

Iranian Jewish Leader Habib Elghanian is Executed

May 9

Following a show trial lasting only twenty minutes, Habib Elghanian was executed by firing squad.

Rabbi Abba Silver Addresses the UN General Assembly

May 8

In his address, Abba Hillel Silver called upon UNSCOP to honor the 1917 Balfour Declaration.

Histadrut Labor Federation Accepts Arab Workers

May 7

Created in 1920 to serve as a neutral, independent trade union representing all Jewish workers in Palestine, the Histadrut had grown to 503,000 members by 1953, representing approximately 75% of the country’s workers.

U.S. and Israel Cooperate on the Strategic Defense Initiative

May 6

Israel and the United States sign a secret agreement for Israeli participation in Strategic Defense Initiative (“Star Wars”) research.

Birth of Karl Marx, Author of “The Communist Manifesto” and “On the Jewish Question”

May 5

Karl Marx, whose theories of modern socialism will form the framework of the Communist Revolution in Russia, is born in Trier, a town in West Prussia (present day Germany).

Amos Oz Is Born in Jerusalem

May 4

Israeli author, journalist and intellectual Amos Oz is born as “Amos Klausner” in Jerusalem during the British Mandate.

Golda Meir Is Born in Kiev

May 3

Born Golda Mabovitch in Kiev, Russia, Meir’s family immigrated to the United States in 1906, settling in Milwaukee.

Theodor Herzl, the Founder of Modern Zionism, Is Born in Hungary

May 2

Theodor Herzl is born in Pest, Hungary. In addition to creating the World Zionist Organization, Herzl will help found the Jewish Colonial Trust in 1899 and the Jewish National Fund in 1901.