Born in Galicia, Lilien was an art nouveau illustrator and lithographer who co-founded the Berlin Jiidischer Verlag, the premier Jewish and Zionist publishing house in Western Europe, in 1902. He highlighted Jewish themes and often is considered the first Zionist artist. He lived in Palestine at times from 1906 to 1914. Lilien was a member of the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem and supported fellow Zionist artists.
Photo: Public domain