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Sharing Israel’s rich story through expert commentary

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Issues & Analyses

Today in Israeli History


The timeline contains more than 800 entries, following Jewish History through Jewish identity in the diaspora, Zionism, to contemporary issues in Israel. Search by year or by a subject through time.

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Early History to 1897: Identity Formation and Modern Zionism
Era 1
  • Jewish law, custom and anti-Semitism knitted Jews as a people
  • Surviving as a minority schooled Jews on self-reliance
  • Failure to achieve civic equality prompted Zionism, Jewish nationalism
Era I
Era II 1898 to 1948: Autonomy and State-Building
Theodore Hertzl
  • Translating an idea into reality required Jewish leadership, commitment, and pragmatism
  • Recruiting support from great powers made Israel a reality
  • Inept Arab decisions and societal fragmentation gave Zionists an unsurmountable edge
Era II
Era III 1949 to 1979: From Sovereignty to Recognition
  • Israel’s building blocks linked people, land, an economy and collective self-defense
  • Success in the June 1967 War solidified Israel as a state
  • Egypt took the unprecedented Arab step of accepting Israel as a reality
Era IV 1980 to Present: Recognition to Normalization
Era IV
  • Israel flourished as a democracy with a multi-party system
  • Solidifying a strategic relationship with the US benefitted both country’s welfare
  • Seeking peaceful borders and neighbors determined its well-being
Era IV

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