Kollek was Jerusalem’s mayor from 1965 to 1993 and, after the city’s 1967 reunification, helped develop it into a modern metropolis with a vision for coexistence and religious protection. Born in Hungary, he was named for Theodor Herzl. His family made aliyah in 1934. He helped 3,000 Jews leave German concentration camps on British visas in 1939, then smuggled Holocaust survivors into Palestine in the 1940s.
Photo: Central Zionist Archives