1896 – <em>Mattiyahu</em>, Boris Schatz

Boris Schatz (1866-1932) is the father of Israeli art. Lithuanian born, he studied in Paris and was influenced by the Russian Jewish sculptor Mark Antokolsky. The drama and strength with which Schatz depicts the father of the Maccabees in this lost sculpture reflects Jewish vitality and agency and heralds both Zionism and a nascent desire to create a school of art for the Jewish people in Jerusalem. Schatz would found that school, Bezalel, in 1906. (Image courtesy of Alec Mishory and the Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art, Center for Jewish Art, Hebrew University of Jerusalem)