Bernard Lewis, 1916-2018

Orientalist scholar Lewis, a London native who finished his academic career at Princeton, influenced American foreign policy and the West’s attitudes toward the Middle East. He backed U.S. intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan. His “Lewis Doctrine” urged the promotion of democracy in countries with despotism. He and Edward Said were frequent foes in Middle East studies. Lewis’ books included “Islam and the West” and “The Arabs in History.”

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