1961 – <em>Ohel Yizkor</em>, Yad Vashem’s Hall of Remembrance, designed by Arieh Elhanani, Arieh Sharon and Benjamin Idelson

This building is a mausoleum for those who lost their families in the Holocaust and who have no cemeteries to visit. Form and function join to create a powerful sculptural presence: outside, a brutalist concrete square atop black volcanic stone; within, black marble floors, an eternal flame, and, buried underneath, the ashes from six extermination camps in Poland. The structure is open to the sky. As the locus of all dignitaries’ visits to Yad Vashem, each of whom is called upon to symbolically relight the eternal flame, this solemn edifice is a fitting site for the preservation of that tragic and solemn memory. (Image by Yossi Ben-David, Yad Vashem)