Pope Paul IV Orders Jews of Rome Into a Ghetto

July 14

Pope Paul IV issues the papal decree Cum Nimis Absurdum, which subjects Jews under his dominion to a myriad of restrictions and humiliations, most notably forcing them to live in ghettos.

Egyptian President Sadat Says Agreement with Israel Urgently Needed

July 13

Six months after his historic visit to Jerusalem, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat invites Israel’s Foreign Minister Ezer Weizmann to meet with him in Salzburg, Austria.

Weizmann Expresses Dismay over Britain’s Pro-Arab Position to MacDonald

July 12

As part of the Zionist strategy to engage the British government in political negotiations, Chaim Weizmann airs his grievances against the British government for reversing their pro-Zionist policy.

Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz Is Born

July 11

November 7, 1878 Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz, who becomes one of the 20th century’s leading Talmud scholars, is born in Kosava, Russia, now part of Belarus, to the head of the local rabbinical court, Rabbi Shmaryahu Yosef Karelitz, and his wife, Rasha, the daughter of a rabbi. Avraham and his younger brothers, Meir, Yitzchak and Moshe, […]

Leading Zionist Nahum Goldmann Is Born in Lithuania

July 10

Nahum Goldmann is born in Visznevo, Lithuania. He is later a founder of the World Jewish Congress and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, as well as President of the World Zionist Organization.

Mount Scopus Concert Takes Place

July 9

A packed audience fills the amphitheater on Mount Scopus to celebrate the end of the June 1967 War and to mark the cultural unification of Jerusalem.

Prominent Israeli Politician Tzipi Livni Is Born

July 8

Tzipi Livni is born in Tel Aviv to two prominent figures of the Irgun. A graduate of Bar-Ilan University’s school of law, she later serves in the Israeli Army, Mossad, and works as an attorney before entering politics.

Eliezer Hoofien Passes Away

July 7

Serving in various financial positions, Eliezer Siegfried Hoofien provided the Yishuv and then Israel with nearly fifty years of banking and financial expertise.

Bus 405 Suicide Attack Kills or Wounds 33

July 6

When Bus 405 passed a ravine near Jerusalem, a Palestinian terrorist seizes control of the wheel and runs the bus over the cliff, killing 16 passengers and injuring 17 others.

Law of Return Is Enacted

July 5

Introduced as part of a festive legislative session marking the anniversary of Theodor Herzl’s death, the Law of Return creates an open-door immigration policy for Jews throughout the world.

Daring Rescue of Jewish Hostages in Entebbe Takes Place

July 4

Elite Israeli military forces launch a successful rescue attempt of Israeli hostages on board a hijacked Air France flight at Entebbe Airport, Uganda. PM Netanyahu’s brother, Yoni Netanyahu is killed in operation.

First International Conference and Festival of Jewish Theater Convene

July 3

The First International Conference and Festival of Jewish Theater opens in Tel Aviv. The festival coincides with the beginning of the first war in Lebanon and is almost canceled because many Israeli participants were called up for reserve duty.