Jewish Settlement Established at Hebron

April 4

April 4, 1968 Moshe Levinger and several other Israeli Jews pretending to be Swiss tourists check into a Hebron hotel to establish the first permanent Jewish presence in the city in almost 40 years, taking advantage of the city’s capture during the June 1967 war. The next day, they declare that they are not leaving […]

Writer Avigdor Hameiri Dies

April 3

April 3, 1970 Hebrew poet and novelist Avigdor Hameiri, Israel’s first poet laureate, dies at age 79. Born into a farm family in a small Hungarian village, Hameiri had a typical Jewish education and was studying to become a rabbi when he turned to socialism and Zionism. After publishing his first poem in 1909, he […]

Britain Seeks Special U.N. Panel on Palestine

April 2

April 2, 1947 The British government notifies the United Nations of its intent to bring the question of Palestine’s future before the next U.N. General Assembly. The United Kingdom also requests a special General Assembly session to create a special commission that can study and make recommendations on Palestine before the next regular General Assembly […]

Arabs Block Food Convoy to Jerusalem

April 1

April 1, 1948 Nine Jews are killed and 17 others are wounded in an unsuccessful attempt to move a 60-truck convoy of food and other supplies to Jerusalem through Wadi Sarrar, even though Haganah patrols meant to clear the route reportedly killed 28 Arab fighters. It is the convoy’s second failed attempt to bring supplies […]

Sharon Singles Out Arafat After Haifa Bombing

March 31

March 31, 2002 Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon declares Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat “the enemy of Israel and the enemy of the free world” in an angry, five-minute, mid-Passover address to the nation after two suicide bombings during the day. A suicide attack by a Hamas bomber from Jenin kills 16 Israelis and injures […]

6 Israeli Arabs Killed in Land Protests

March 30

March 30, 1976 Protests against the recently announced expropriation of Arab land in the Galilee turn into riots that result in the deaths of six Israeli Arabs and injuries to hundreds of Arab civilians and to an unknown number of Israeli soldiers and police. The events become known as “Land Day” and are commemorated annually […]

Yitzhak Dov Berkowitz Dies

March 29

March 29, 1967 Russian-born writer Yitzhak Dov Berkowitz, who won the Bialik Prize, Israel Prize and Tchernichovsky Prize for Translation, dies after a short illness at age 82. Born in 1885 near Minsk, Berkowitz read Hebrew, Yiddish and Russian and began to write stories for friends around age 15. Encouraged by the poet Yitzhak Katzenelson, […]

Arab Peace Initiative Unveiled

March 28

March 28, 2002 At the Arab League Summit in Beirut, Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia lays out a plan to end the Arab-Israeli conflict that has become known as the Arab Peace Initiative. Among its elements are an Israeli withdrawal to pre-1967 lines, including a pullback from southern Lebanon; the resolution of the Palestinian […]

Poet Elisheva Bikhovsky Dies

March 27

March 27, 1949 Elisheva Bikhovsky, one of the “four mothers” of modern Hebrew poetry, dies of cancer at age 60 in Tiberias and is buried at Kvutzat Kinneret, a kibbutz. A native of Russia with English, Irish, German and Russian roots, Bikhovsky fell in love with the Hebrew language and Zionism despite not being Jewish […]

Pence Sets U.S.-Israel Goals

March 26

March 26, 2017 Two months after President Donald Trump’s inauguration, Vice President Mike Pence lays out the administration’s goals for the U.S.-Israel relationship during a speech to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee’s annual Policy Conference. Pence reiterates the administration’s commitment to a strong relationship with Israel and repeats several of Trump’s campaign promises. He […]

Israel-Gaza Violence Flares

March 25

March 25, 2019 A rocket destroys a house in Mishmeret, 20 miles north of Tel Aviv, and injures seven people. In response, Israel Defense Forces planes bomb suspected Gaza military locations 12 hours later and injure seven Palestinians. Thirty rockets then are fired from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel. Hamas neither claims nor denies […]

Israeli TV Goes on Air

March 24

March 24, 1966 An instructional program in math, geared toward seventh- and ninth-graders in 32 schools in the middle of the country, becomes Israel’s first television broadcast.  The Israeli government has viewed television as a negative influence on society and culture, even as broadcasters in neighboring Jordan (in 1956) and Egypt (in 1960) hit the […]