Palestine Jewish Agency Expands to Include World Jewish Representatives

August 11

The Jewish Agency holds its first meeting on August 12, the day after the conclusion of the Congress. With so many Jews having immigrated to the US over the previous four decades, American presence in the Jewish Agency had become financially and politically significant for Zionism’s key growth in the United States.

Treaty of Sevres Dissolves the Ottoman Empire

August 10

Following the San Remo conference in April 1920, a treaty is signed between the Allies and the Ottoman Empire in the town of Sevres, France, officially breaking up the Ottoman Empire.

Palestinian Terrorist Group Attacks Jewish Restaurant in Paris

August 9

Chez Jo Goldberg, a Jewish deli in Paris, is attacked by two terrorists wielding grenades and machine guns. Six people are killed and twenty-two injured. The attack is believed to have been planned and carried out by the Abu Nidal Organization, an international Palestinian terrorist group.

Israeli Film Pioneer Lia Van Leer Is Born

August 8

A pioneer in Israeli film, Lia Van Leer is born Lia Greenberg in Beltsy, Romania (today Moldova).

A Ceasefire Is Signed Ending the War of Attrition

August 7

Israel, Jordan and Egypt finally signed a ceasefire, ending the 1967-1970 War of Attrition.

The Thirteenth Zionist Congress Is Convened in Czechoslovakia

August 6

Convened in Carlsbad, Czechoslovakia, the Thirteenth Zionist Congress discusses details of the Palestine Mandate and particularly the prerogatives of the Palestine Zionist Executive (PZE) that guide Jewish immigration and settlement in Palestine.

Composer Menachem Avidom Passes Away

August 5

Famed Israeli Composer Menachem Avidom, whose compositions help lay the groundwork for future Mizrahi and Sephardic (Middle Eastern Jewish) music in Israel, passes away in Tel Aviv.

Rabbi Mordechai Kaplan Writes Article Leading to Reconstructionist Movement

August 4

Rabbi Mordechai M. Kaplan, publishes “A Program for the Reconstruction of Judaism” in the Menorah Journal. His ideology eventually leads to the creation of a fourth American Jewish denomination, the Reconstructionist movement.

Harrison Report Confirms Deplorable Conditions of DP Camps

August 3

The Harrison Report, an inquiry into the conditions of displaced persons camps in occupied Germany, reveals that many of the rumors of poor treatment of Jews are indeed true and that “we appear to be treating the Jews as the Nazis treated them, except that we do not exterminate them.”

Shimon Peres Is Born in Belorussia

August 2

The only politician in Israeli history to hold the positions of both President and Prime Minister, Shimon Peres is born in Belorussia to Yitzchak and Sara Perski.

First Israelis Move into Dimona

August 1

In the south of Israel, the development town of Dimona is populated entirely by Mizrahim (Jewish immigrants from Arab lands). It receives municipal status in 1969.

Politician Moshe Feiglin Is Born

July 31

July 31, 1962 Right-wing activist and politician Moshe Feiglin is born in Haifa to a family who came to the Land of Israel during the First Aliyah late in the 19th century. Feiglin serves as a combat engineer in the Israel Defense Forces and fights in the First Lebanon War. He reaches the rank of […]