Hungarian-born Gruner joined the Betar movement and illegally immigrated to Palestine in 1940. He served in the British army’s Jewish Brigade to fight Nazis. After World War II he joined the Irgun. He was seriously wounded and captured during an arms raid. He refused to defend himself at his trial because he rejected the court’s authority. He is one of the 12 Olei Hagardom, underground fighters hanged by the British.
Photo: National Photo Collection of Israel