Wendy Kalman, Senior Academic Researcher 

This 1987 – 2023 compilation covers important English articles, analyses, and videos, providing valuable context and recent history of the Hamas-Israel conflicts. Current readings and analyses on the Israel-Hamas War from October 1, 2023 forward are updated bi-monthly. For in-depth reviews about hamas ideology, statements, and world views expressing hatred for Israel, please see the compilation of all sources on the Israel-Hamas War 2023.  We recognize that the article these lists provided are excellent beginnings, but they do not include monographs, foreign language items, and articles or scholarly journals that reside behind pay walls. The core portion of thes compilations emerge from CIE’s monthly review of articles and analyses sifted from across the world.  You may subscribe to CIE’s monthly Contemporary Readings by simply finding the subscription button on the top of the home page.

CIE-curated Hamas reading list of articles, 1987- August 2023

Wendy Kalman, Senior Academic Researcher 


Gianluca Pacchiani, “Protests against Hamas reemerge in the streets of Gaza, but will they persist?,” Times of Israel, August 8, 2023. https://www.timesofisrael.com/protests-against-hamas-reemerge-in-the-streets-of-gaza-but-will-they-persist/ 

TOI Staff, “Iranian, Hamas officials discuss response to upheaval in Israel — report,” Times of Israel, July 26, 2023. https://www.timesofisrael.com/iranian-hamas-officials-secretly-discuss-response-to-upheaval-in-israel-report 

Michael Oren, “When Israel gave Hamas something worth not fighting for,” Times of Israel, May 15, 2023. https://blogs.timesofisrael.com/when-israel-gave-hamas-something-worth-not-fighting-for/  

Nidal Al-Mughrabi, “Analysis: Hamas sees West Bank as battleground with new Israel gov’t,” Reuters, January 18, 2023. https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/hamas-sees-west-bank-battleground-with-new-israel-govt-2023-01-18/ 

Center for Peace Communications and TOI Staff, “What’s life like under Hamas? ‘Whispered in Gaza’ offers unique, courageous testimony,” Times of Israel, January 16, 2023. https://www.timesofisrael.com/whats-life-like-under-hamas-whispered-in-gaza-offers-unique-courageous-testimony 


Ido Zelkovitz, “Game of Thrones: The Struggle between Fatah and Hamas for Political Hegemony in the Palestinian Authority, 2011-2022.” INSS, July 2022. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/game-of-thrones-the-struggle-between-fatah-and-hamas-for-political-hegemony-in-the-palestinian-authority-2011-2022/  

The Syrian Observer Staff, “Syrian Islamic Council: Mufti’s Meeting with Haniyeh to Discourage Hamas from Normalizing with Regime,” The Syrian Observer, July 6, 2022. https://syrianobserver.com/news/77268/syrian-islamic-council-muftis-meeting-with-haniyeh-to-discourage-hamas-from-normalizing-with-regime.html 

Khaled Abu Toameh, “Hamas wins Birzeit University student council elections,” Jerusalem Post, May 19, 2022. https://www.jpost.com/israel-news/article-707081 

Ramy Aziz, “Egypt, Israel, and Hamas: Opportunities for Progress in Gaza,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 19, 2022. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/egypt-israel-and-hamas-opportunities-progress-gaza 

Yaakov Katz, “Hamas Doesn’t Need Sheikh Jarrah or Jerusalem to Start a War,” The Jerusalem Post, February 17, 2022. https://www.jpost.com/opinion/article-696874 

Khaled Abu Toameh, “Palestinian online campaign blames Hamas for Gaza misery,” Jerusalem Post, January 29, 2022. https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/article-694921 


Hillel Frisch, “Hamas takeover of Gaza killed the two-state solution,” Jerusalem Institute for Strategy and Security, December 23, 2021. https://jiss.org.il/en/frisch-hamas-takeover-of-gaza-killed-the-two-state-solution/  

Kobi Michael, “Israel’s Moment of Truth in Dealing with Hamas?” INSS, December 23, 2021. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/hamas-israel/  

Makram Rabah, “The Palestinian refugee camp explosion shows that Hamas is in the pocket of Iran,” Al-Arabiya, December 19, 2021.  https://english.alarabiya.net/views/2021/12/19/The-Palestinian-refugee-camp-explosion-shows-that-Hamas-is-in-the-pocket-of-Iran  

Khaled Abu Toameh, “Hamas, PA responsible for crises, say Gazans – poll,” Jerusalem Post, December 24, 2021. https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/article-689610  

Jonathan Schanzer, “The May 2021 Israel-Hamas war was a stress test for normalization,” Al-Arabiya, November 12, 2021. https://english.alarabiya.net/views/2021/11/12/The-May-2021-Israel-Hamas-war-was-a-stress-test-for-normalization 

Khaled Abu Toameh, “PA steps up crackdown on Hamas, Islamic Jihad members,” Jerusalem Post, Novemeber 27, 2021. https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/pa-steps-up-crackdown-on-hamas-islamic-jihad-members-687136 

Udi Dekel, “Hamas has its Own Logic. What is Israel’s Logic?” INSS, September 4, 2021. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/hamas-reason/ 

Khaled Abu Toameh, “Fatah-Hamas rift deepens as Abbas moves closer to US, Israel,” Jerusalem Post, August 31, 2021. https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/fatah-hamas-rift-deepens-as-abbas-moves-closer-to-us-israel-678264 

David Wurmser, “The Hamas War Against Israel,” Jewish Policy Center, Summer 2021. https://www.jewishpolicycenter.org/2021/07/07/the-hamas-war-against-israel/ 

Amb. Alan Baker, “The Legal War: Hamas’ War Crimes and Israel’s Right to Self-Defense,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, June 3, 2021. https://jcpa.org/article/the-legal-war-hamas-war-crimes-and-israels-right-to-self-defense/ 

Alex Grinberg, “Hamas After the Latest Round: A Total Failure or an Advantageous Opportunity,” Reut Group, June 17, 2021. https://www.reutgroup.org/Publications/The-Axis-of-Resistance-After-the-Last-Bout-of-Fighting  

Ido Levy, “How Iran Fuels Hamas Terrorism,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, June 1, 2021. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/how-iran-fuels-hamas-terrorism 

Sarah Feuer, “The Real Impact of the War Between Hamas and Israel,” The National Interest, May 21, 2021.  https://nationalinterest.org/feature/real-impact-war-between-hamas-and-israel-185917?page=0%2C1 

Dore Gold, “Hamas is Acting as an Arm of Iranian Power,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, May 18, 2021. https://jcpa.org/hamas-is-acting-as-an-arm-of-iranian-power/ 

David May and Jonathan Schanzer, “The truth about Hamas,” The Washington Examiner, May 20, 2021. https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/politics/the-truth-about-hamas 

Gaith al-Omari, “Israel-Gaza Violence Means Biden Must Avoid Emboldening Hamas in Any Cease-Fire Deal,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, May 18, 2021. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/israel-gaza-violence-means-biden-must-avoid-emboldening-hamas-any-cease-fire-deal 

Yohanan Plesner, “Israel must differentiate between Hamas, Arab riots—opinion,” Jerusalem Post, May 20, 2021. https://www.jpost.com/opinion/israel-must-differentiate-between-hamas-arab-riots-opinion-668686 

Grant Rumley and Neri Zilber, “A Military Assessment of the Israel-Hamas Conflict,”  Washington Institute for Near East Policy, May 25, 2021. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/military-assessment-israel-hamas-conflict 

Shoshana Solomon, “Israel’s political stalemate impacts economy more than Hamas rockets – Moody’s,” Times of Israel, May 20, 2021. https://www.timesofisrael.com/israels-political-stalemate-impacts-economy-more-than-hamas-rockets-moodys/ 

Kenneth Stein, “Hamas Charter totally rejects Israel and Zionism,” Center for Israel Education, May 27, 2021. https://israeled.org/hamas-charter-totally-rejects-israel-and-zionism/ 

Ben-Dror Yemini, “The truth about the Hamas terrorist organization,” Ynet News, May 18, 2021. https://www.ynetnews.com/article/ryFgHO11Yu 

Katherine Bauer and Matthew Levitt, “Hamas Fields a Militant Electoral List: Implications for U.S.-Palestinian Ties,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 21, 2021.  https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-fields-militant-electoral-list-implications-us-palestinian-ties 

Oded Eran and Yohanon Tzoreff, “Possible Rapprochement between Fatah and Hamas: Is Israel Ready?” INSS, April 5, 2021. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/fatah-hamas/?offset=10&posts=1461&type=399 

Gaith Al-Omari, “If Palestinian Elections Proceed, Hamas May Have the Upper Hand,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 25, 2021. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/if-palestinian-elections-proceed-hamas-may-have-upper-hand 

Haviv Rettig Gur, “In rocket war ‘for Al-Aqsa,’ Hamas has already won the Palestinian leadership,” Times of Israel, May 13, 2021. https://www.timesofisrael.com/in-rocket-war-for-al-aqsa-hamas-has-already-won-the-palestinian-leadership  


Gadi Eisenkot, “Israel’s greatest threat is not Hamas or Iran, but political infighting,” Ynet News, December 31, 2020. https://www.ynetnews.com/article/HyXx2foTw 

Yohana Tzoreff, Kobi Michael, “A Discussion at INSS on Hamas Fatah Reconciliation Efforts, INSS, October 15, 2020. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/hamas-fatah-reconciliation/ 

Jehab Harb, “Phased Policy Alternatives Between Reunification and Separation [Hamas and PA],” Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, July 2020. http://pcpsr.org/en/node/815 


Adnan Abu Amer, “How to read Hamas’ visit to Iran,” Al-Monitor, July 26, 2019. https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/palestine-hamas-iran-relations-visit-delegation-war-us-syria.html 

Hillel Frisch, “Ahead of the Bahrain Conference, Hamas Casts Its Lot with Iran,” BESA Center, June 18, 2019. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/ahead-of-the-bahrain-conference-hamas-casts-its-lot-with-iran/ 

Ehud Yairi, “Israel’s Armistice with Hamas, Growing Tensions with Abbas,” The Washington institute for Near East Policy, April 24, 2019.  https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/israels-armistice-with-hamas-growing-tensions-with-abbas 

Yaakov Lappin, “Hamas Is Willing to Risk War to Avoid Economic Collapse,” BESA Center, March 10, 2019. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/hamas-is-willing-to-risk-war-to-avoid-economic-collapse/ 

Michael Barak, “Civil War? The rift between Fatah and Hamas, as seen on social media,” Moshe Dayan Center, February 7, 2019. https://dayan.org/content/civil-war-rift-between-fatah-and-hamas-seen-social-media 

Yaakov Lapid, “Can Israel Defeat Hamas Without Toppling It?” BESA Center, February 21, 2019. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/israel-defeat-hamas/ 


Seth J. Frantzman, “How Hamas Brought Israel to the Brink of Election Chaos,” The National Interest, November 16, 2018.  https://nationalinterest.org/blog/middle-east-watch/how-hamas-brought-israel-brink-election-chaos-36272 

David Pollock, “New Polls Show Most Gazans Want Israeli Jobs, Not Hamas Mobs,” The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, October 29, 2018. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/fikraforum/view/new-polls-show-most-gazans-want-jobs-not-mobs 

Hillel Frisch, “What Is the Right Strategy with Hamas: Make Concessions or Fight?” BESA Center. September 27, 2018. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/hamas-concessions-fight/ 

Giora Eiland, “What do the three players [Israel, Egypt, & Hamas] stand to gain from the Gaza ceasefire deal?” Ynet News, August 19, 2018. https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5331489,00.html 

Maj. Gen. (res.) Gershon Hacohen, “The Israel-Hamas Deal: Escape from Oslo,” BESA Center, August 28, 2018. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/israel-hamas-oslo/ 

Yaakov Lappin, “A Failure at State-Building, Hamas Sticks to Military Buildup in Gaza,” Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, July 23, 2018. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/failure-state-building-hamas-sticks-to-military-buildup-in-gaza/ 

Gershon Hacohen, “Hamas’s Kite Terrorism: A Threat that Requires a Decisive Response,” Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, June 20, 2018. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/hamas-kite-terrorism/ 

Amos Yadlin, “Hamas incites violence to hide its own shortcomings,” Ynet News, May 14, 2018. https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5260612,00.html 

Haim Ramon, “It’s Time to end policy of coexistence with Hamas,” Ynet News, April 13, 2018. https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5225030,00.html 

Daniel L. Byman, “Why Israel is stuck with Hamas,” Brookings Institute, March 19, 2018. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2018/03/19/why-israel-is-stuck-with-hamas 


Maj. Gen. (res.) Gershon Hacohen, “Fatah-Hamas Reconciliation: Resistance as an Expression of Faith,” BESA Center, December 5, 2017. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/fatah-hamas-reconciliation/ 

Muriel Asseburg, “The Fatah-Hamas Reconciliation Agreement of October 2017.” Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik Berlin, November 2017. https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/comments/2017C44_ass.pdf 

Ami Ayalon, Gilad Sher, Orni Petruschka, “Fatah-Hamas reconciliation: Both challenge and opportunity,” Y-Net, October 19, 2017. https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5030871,00.html 

Yoni Ben Menachem, “A Fatah-Hamas Reconciliation. Has Anything Changed?” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, October 3, 2017. https://jcpa.org/article/fatah-hamas-reconciliation-anything-changed/  

Yaron Schneider, “The Limits of Restraint: Hamas in Gaza and a Confrontation with Israel,” INSS, October 30, 2017. http://www.inss.org.il/publication/limits-restraint-hamas-gaza-confrontation-israel/?offset=0&posts=986&type=399 

Avi Issacharoff, “Sick of running Gaza, Hamas may be aiming to switch to a Hezbollah-style role,” Times of Israel, October 1, 2017. https://www.timesofisrael.com/sick-of-running-gaza-hamas-may-be-aiming-to-switch-to-a-hezbollah-style-role/ 

Kobi Michael, Liran Ofek and Gilead Sher, “Hamas: Toward Palestinian Reconciliation, or Abdication of Government Responsibility?” INSS, September 24, 2017. http://www.inss.org.il/publication/hamas-toward-palestinian-reconciliation-abdication-governmental-responsibility/?offset=4&posts=976&type=399 

Michael Segall, “Iran and Hamas Reconnect,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, September 25, 2017. http://jcpa.org/article/iran-hamas-reconnect/ 

David Pollock, “The Palestinian Public’s Tough Choices: On Violence, Instability, Hamas, “Jewish State,” The Washington Institute for Near East Studies, June 2017. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/fikraforum/view/the-palestinian-publics-tough-choices-on-violence-instability-hamas-jewish 

Raz Zimmer, “No More Palestinian than the Palestinians: Iranians React to the Hamas Revised Charter,” Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies – Beehive Middle East Social Media, June 7, 2017. http://dayan.org/content/no-more-palestinian-palestinians-iranians-react-hamas-revised-charter 

Rasha Abou Jalal, “What’s behind Abbas’ recent threats to Hamas? Al-Monitor, May 15, 2017. www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2017/05/palestine-abbas-threats-hamas-gaza-trump-visit.html 

Udi Dekel, “Hamas’s New Statement of Principles: A Political Opportunity for Israel?,” INSS, May 14, 2017. www.inss.org.il/publication/hamass-new-statement-principles-political-opportunity-israel/?offset=6&posts=932&type=399 

Shlomo Brom and Ofir Winter, “Israel and the New Leaf in Egypt-Hamas Relations,” INSS, February 16, 2017. https://www.inss.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/898.pdf  

Raphael S. Cohen, David E. Johnson, David E. Thaler, Brenna Allen, Elizabeth M. Bartels, James Cahill, Shira Efron, “Lessons from Israel’s Wars in Gaza,” RAND Corporation, January 2017. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9975.html 


Hani Al-Masri, “Hamas faces bitter options,” Middle East Monitor, March 29, 2016. https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20160329-hamas-faces-bitter-options/ 

Shlomi Eldar, “The morning after: What happens to Gaza if Hamas is toppled?,” Al-Monitor, August 2016. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/08/avigdor-liberman-plan-hamas-ngo-humanitarian-aid-gaza-strip.html 

Khaled Abu Toameh, “Hamas, Palestinian Authority Target Journalists Ahead of Election,” Gatestone Institute, August 23, 2016. https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/8738/hamas-palestinian-journalists 

Grant Rumley, “Hamas Vows to Join Municipal Elections, but Obstacles Remain,” Foundation for Defense of Democracies, July 19, 2016. http://www.defenddemocracy.org/media-hit/grant-rumley-hamas-vows-to-join-municipal-elections-but-obstacles-remain/ 

Efraim Inbar, “No One-Shot Solution to the Hamas Challenge,” BESA, June 30, 2016. http://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/no-one-shot-solution-hamas-challenge/ 

Nadav Pollak, “Hamas Is Testing Israel Once Again,” The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 22, 2016. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/hamas-is-testing-israel-once-again 

Amos Yadlin, “Past Lessons and Future Objectives: A Preemptive Strike on Hamas Tunnels,” INSS Insight, February 15, 2016. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/past-lessons-and-future-objectives-a-preemptive-strike-on-hamas-tunnels/  


Ehud Yaari, “Hamas and the Islamic State: Growing Cooperation in the Sinai,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, December 15, 2015. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/hamas-and-the-islamic-state-growing-cooperation-in-the-sinai 

Uri Savir, “Israel, Hamas negotiate, but truce still far off.” Al-Monitor, June 30, 2015. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/06/israel-hamas-truce-negotiations-egypt-netanyahu.html 

Benedetta Berti, “Hamas’s Islamic State Woes,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, May 28, 2015. https://carnegieendowment.org/sada/60238   

Yoram Schweitzer, “Hamas and the Islamic State Organization: Toward a Head-On Collision in the Gaza Strip?” INSS Insight, May 17, 2015. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/hamas-and-the-islamic-state-organization-toward-a-head-on-collision-in-the-gaza-strip/   

Gabi Siboni and A. G., “Military Lessons for Hamas from Operation Protective Edge.” INSS Insight, May 21, 2015. https://www.inss.org.il/wp-content/uploads/systemfiles/No.%20700%20-%20Gabi%20and%20A.G.%20for%20web156732601.pdf 

Grant Rumley, “Hamas Triumphs in Election at Flagship West Bank University.” Foundation for Defense of Democracies. April 23, 2015. http://www.defenddemocracy.org/media-hit/grant-rumley-hamas-triumphs-in-election-at-flagship-west-bank-university/ 

Avi Issacharoff, “Hamas digs new terror tunnels up to, but not across, border.” Times of Israel. March 25, 2015. http://www.timesofisrael.com/hamas-rebuilding-tunnels-near-but-not-across-border-sources/

Ahmed Melhelm, “The deepening rift between Fatah and Hamas,” al-Monitor. March 20, 2015. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/03/palestine-hamas-fatah-plo-accusations.html 

Orit Perlov, “Israel, Hamas and Hizbollah on a Collision Course: Undesirable yet Inevitable.” Institute for National Security Studies. March 16, 2015. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/israel-hamas-and-hizbollah-on-a-collision-course-undesirable-yet-inevitable/ 

Khalil Shikaki, “Can Hamas Moderate? Insights from Palestinian Politics during 2005-2011,” Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, January 2015. https://www.pcpsr.org/sites/default/files/Can%20Hamas%20moderateJan2015.pdf 


Pinhas Inbari, “Hamas and Muslim Brotherhood Have Their Sights on the West Bank and Jordan.” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. December 23, 2014. http://jcpa.org/article/hamas-sights-on-west-bank/ 

Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi, “Hamas Embraces the Path of the Islamic State (ISIS)” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. November 30, 2014. http://jcpa.org/pdf/Hamas-Embraces-the-Path-of-the-Islamic-State-ISIS-Jonathan-Halevi-Vol14No38.pdf 

Burak Bekdil. “Turkey’s Love Affair with Hamas.” Middle East Forum. October 19, 2014. http://www.meforum.org/4866/turkey-love-affair-with-hamas 

Grant Rumley. “Jordan’s Muslim Brotherhood Seeks Help from Hamas.” Foundation for Defense of Democracies. October 21, 2014. http://www.defenddemocracy.org/media-hit/grant-rumley-jordans-muslim-brotherhood-seeks-help-from-hamas/  

Yaacov Amidror, “We Have to Be Prepared (with Hamas).” BESA Center. September 15, 2014. http://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/prepared/ 

Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi, “Hamas Policy after Operation Protective Edge,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, September 28, 2014. http://jcpa.org/article/hamas-policy/ 

Rami G. Khoury, “Shameful Hamas-Fatah Behavior Must Stop,” Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs,September 20, 2014. https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/shameful-hamas-fateh-behavior-must-stop  

Robert Satloff, and Ehud Yaari. “Gaza and Beyond: The Arab-Israeli Arena in the Wake of the Hamas War.” The Washington Institute for Near East Peace. September 11, 2014. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/gaza-and-beyond-the-arab-israeli-arena-in-the-wake-of-the-hamas-war 

Amos Yadlin, “Dealing with Hamas? Military Force Reconstruction.” INSS Insight. September 11, 2014. https://www.inss.org.il/wp-content/uploads/systemfiles/No.%20606%20-%20Amos%20for%20web.pdf 

Ofra Bengio, “Meet the Kurds, a Historically Oppressed People Who Will Get Their Own State While Hamas Fires Rockets, and ISIS Beheads Unbelievers, the Kurds Build the Second Non-Arab State in the Middle East.” Tablet Magazine. August 14, 2014. http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/182042/kurdish-independence 

Udi Dekel, “Is Israel Facing a War of Attrition against Hamas?” INSS Insight. August 13, 2014. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/is-israel-facing-a-war-of-attrition-against-hamas/ 

Jeffrey Herf, “Why They Fight: Hamas’ Too-Little-Known Facist Charter.” The American Interest. August 01, 2014. http://www.the-american-interest.com/articles/2014/08/01/why-they-fight-hamas-too-little-known-fascist-charter/ 

Irwin J. Mansdorf, “Unseen Scars of War: Psychological Consequences of the Hamas Attacks on the Israeli Civilian Population.” Jerusalem Center For Public Affairs. July 20, 2014. http://jcpa.org/article/unseen-scars-of-war-psychological-consequences/#sthash.4p9hbG2C.dpuf 

Abdel Moneim Said, “Let’s Be Frank about Hamas and Gaza.” Ahram Weekly. August 07, 2014. 

Yoram Schweitzer, “After Operation Protective Edge: Hamas’ Sense of What It Achieved.” INSS Insight. August 07, 2014. https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/182765/No.%20586%20-%20Yoram%20for%20web.pdf 

Ken Stein, “Hamas Doctrine: Detest Israel – Part I Hamas Doctrine: Detest Israel – Part I ‘On Opposing Agreements, Negotiations, or Recognition of Israel’,” Times of Israel. August 03, 2014. http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/315204/ 

Ken Stein, “Hamas Doctrine: Detest Israel – Part II ‘On Israel and Israel’s Illegitimacy’,” The Times of Israel. August 04, 2014. http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/hamas-doctrine-detest-israel-part-ii/ 

Ken Stein, “Hamas Doctrine: Detest Israel – Part III ‘Hamas-principles for the Liberation of Palestine and Jihad against Zionism’,” The Times of Israel. August 06, 2014. http://blogs.timesofisrael.com/hamas-doctrine-detest-israel-part-iii/ 

Eyal Zisser, “Hamas Lost Big,” Israel Hayom. August 03, 2014. 

Elliot Abrams, “Why Did Hamas Provoke a War?,” Center for Foreign Relations Blog. July 09, 2014. https://www.cfr.org/blog/why-did-hamas-provoke-war  

Yaacov Amidor, “The War with Hamas: Decision Time Approaching,” BESA Center. July 24, 2014. https://besacenter.org/war-hamas-decision-time-approaching/ 

Harel Chorev, “Hamas–Charting a New Strategic Course of Action,” Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies. July 10, 2014. https://dayan.org/content/tel-aviv-notes-hamas-charting-new-strategic-course-action  

Udi Dekel. “Israel-Hamas: Conditions for a Stable Ceasefire,” INSS Insight. July 17, 2014. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/israel-hamas-conditions-for-a-stable-ceasefire/ 

Shai Feldman, “Five Early Lessons from the Israel-Hamas War.” Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University. July 14, 2014. http://nationalinterest.org/feature/five-early-lessons-the-israel-hamas-war-10871 

Professor Hillel Frisch, “Hit Hamas Hard to Create a Different Balance Against Islamic Terrorism.” BESA Center. July 19, 2014. http://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/hit-hamas-hard-create-different-strategic-balance-islamic-terrorism/ 

Jeffrey Goldberg, “What Exactly Is Hamas Trying to Prove?” The Atlantic. July 13, 2014. http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/07/what-exactly-is-hamas-trying-to-prove/374342/ 

Aaron David Miller, “Stay Home and Stay Out of This Fight.” Foreign Policy. July 08, 2014. https://foreignpolicy.com/2014/07/08/stay-home-and-stay-out-of-this-fight/  

Lt. (ret.) Dr. Jacque Neriah, “Egypt, Israel and Hamas — the Impossible Equation.” Jerusalem Center For Public Affairs. July 27, 2014. http://jcpa.org/egypt-israel-hamas-impossible-equation/ 

Michael Oren, “Israel Must Be Permitted to Crush Hamas.” Washington Post. July 24, 2014. http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/michael-oren-israel-must-be-permitted-to-crush-hamas/2014/07/24/bd9967fc-1350-11e4-9285-4243a40ddc97_story.html 

David D. Patrick, “Arab Leaders Viewing Hamas as Worse than Israel, Stay Silent, New York Times.” New York Times. July 30, 2014. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/31/world/middleeast/fighting-political-islam-arab-states-find-themselves-allied-with-israel.html?_r=0 

Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, “Concerns About Islamic Extremism on the Rise in the Middle East—Negative Opinions of Al-Qaeda, Hamas and Hezbollah.” Pew Global. July 01, 2014. http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/07/01/concerns-about-islamic-extremism-on-the-rise-in-middle-east/ 

David Pollock, “Gaza Public Rejects Hamas, Wants Ceasefire.” Washington Institute for Near East Policy. July 15, 2014. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/gaza-public-rejects-hamas-wants-ceasefire 

Daniel Mandel, “Obama’s Outrageous Decision to Fund Hamas-Aligned Palestinian Regime.” The Algemeiner. June 08, 2014. http://www.algemeiner.com/2014/06/08/obamas-outrageous-decision-to-fund-hamas-aligned-palestinian-regime/ 

Pnina Sharvit Baruch, “The Fight against Hamas: The Legal Angle.” INSS Insight. June 27, 2014. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/the-fight-against-hamas-the-legal-angle/ 

Ehud Yaari, “Hamas Opts for the Hezbollah Model.” Washington Institute for Near East Policy. June 03, 2014. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/hamas-opts-for-the-hezbollah-model 

Neri Zilber, “Hamas on the Ropes.” Washington Institute for Near East Policy. June 26, 2014. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-ropes 

Adnan Abu Amer, “Hamas’ Abu Marzouk Says Recognizing Israel a ‘Red Line’” Al-Monitor. May 13, 2014. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/05/interview-abu-marzouk-hamas-israel-fatah-reconciliation.html 

Shoshana Bryen, “Hamas Tells Israel, ‘No Hope’” American Thinker. May 08, 2014. http://www.americanthinker.com/2014/05/hamas_tells_israel_no_hope.html  

Lt. Col. (ret.) Jonathan D. Halevi, “Palestinian Reconciliation and the Rising Power of Hamas and Islamic Jihad: An Iranian Windfall.” JCPA. May 14, 2014. http://jcpa.org/article/palestinian-reconciliation-and-the-rising-power-of-hamas/#sthash.wjXZzVAO.dpuf 

Jonathan Schanzer, “Hamas Participation In Palestinian Government Likely Won’t Trigger Cut-Off.” Foundation for Defense of Democracies. June 02, 2014. https://www.fdd.org/analysis/2014/06/01/hamas-participation-in-palestinian-government-likely-wont-trigger-cut-off/ 

Benedetta Berti and Shlomo Brom, “The Erosion of the Israel-Hamas Ceasefire in Gaza.” INSS Insight. April 06, 2014. https://www.inss.org.il/publication/the-erosion-of-the-israel-hamas-ceasefire-in-gaza/  

Adan Abu Amer, “Hamas, Jordan Probe Possibility of Better Ties.” Al-Monitor. March 31, 2014. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/03/jordan-hamas-palestine-relations-amman.html 

Ehud Yaari. “The New Triangle of Egypt, Israel, and Hamas.” Washington Institute for Near East Policy. N.p., 17 Jan. 2014. Web. 04 Feb. 2014. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-new-triangle-of-egypt-israel-and-hamas 


Ehud Yaari. “The Call for Rebellion against Hamas in Gaza.” Washington Institute for Near East Policy. November 8, 2013. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-call-for-rebellion-against-hamas-in-gaza 

Hanin Ghaddar, “The Marriage and Divorce of Hamas and Hezbollah,” Wilson Center, August 26, 2013. https://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/the-marriage-and-divorce-hamas-and-hezbollah 

Jonathan Schanzer, “How Hamas Lost the Arab Spring After drifting away from Syria and Iran, the movement faces an uncertain future,” The Atlantic, June 21, 2013. http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/06/how-hamas-lost-the-arab-spring/277102/ 

Julio de la Guardia, “The emergence of Hamas as a regional political actor,” El Cano Royal Institute, February 27, 2013. https://www.realinstitutoelcano.org/en/analyses/the-emergence-of-hamas-as-a-regional-political-actor/ 


Whitney Eulich, “With Hamas’s confidence waxing, Khaled Meshaal arrives in Gaza,” Christian Science Monitor, December 7, 2012. https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Security-Watch/terrorism-security/2012/1207/With-Hamas-s-confidence-waxing-Khaled-Meshaal-arrives-in-Gaza 

Assaf David, “How Well Do We Know Hamas,” Molad, December 11, 2012. http://www.molad.org/en/articles/how-well-do-we-know-hamas 

Naomi Westland and Lia Tarachansky, “Israeli army, Hamas military tap power of social media,” USA Today, November 21, 2012. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2012/11/21/israel-gaza-social-media/1719981/ 

Ulrike Putz, “Hamas Can Replenish Arsenal — If Egypt Lets It,” Spiegel International, November 20, 2012. https://www.spiegel.de/international/world/analysis-of-hamas-military-capability-after-six-day-conflict-with-israel-a-868353.html 

Nidal al-Mughrabi, “Analysis: Hamas finds cause to smile under Israeli assault,” Reuters, November 18, 2012. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-israel-hamas-analysis/analysis-hamas-finds-cause-to-smile-under-israeli-assault-idUSBRE8AH0G720121118 


Lucy Kurtzer-Ellenbogen, “Palestinian Reconciliation [between Fatah and Hamas],” United States Institute of Peace, May 3, 2011. https://www.usip.org/publications/2011/05/palestinian-reconciliation 

Katherine Faley and Gisue Mehdi, “Iran-Hamas Relationship Tracker 2011,” Critical Threats, January 13, 2011. https://www.criticalthreats.org/analysis/iran-hamas-relationship-tracker-2011 


Congressional Research Service staff, “Hamas: Background and Issues for Congress,” Congressional Research Service, December 2, 2010. https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/R/R41514 

Are Hovdenak, “Hamas in Gaza: Preparing for Long-term Control?,” Peace Research Institute Oslo, November 2010. https://cdn.cloud.prio.org/files/867b40b8-1304-4704-9e96-0ced96621ec4/Hovednak%202010%20Hamas%20in%20Gaza%20PRIO%20Policy%20Brief%2011-2010.pdf?inline=true 

Mahmoud Jaraba, “Hamas and the Peace Process: Part of the Problem or Part of the Solution?,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, November 10, 2010. https://carnegieendowment.org/sada/41916 

Dag Tuastad, “The Hudna: Hamas’s Concept of a Long-Term Ceasefire,” Peace Research Institute Oslo, September 2010. https://cdn.cloud.prio.org/files/cf1699b6-9e6e-4cff-9c68-467c58d0968f/The%20Hudna%20-%20PRIO%20Policy%20Brief%2009-2010.pdf?inline=true 

Daniel Byman, “How to Handle Hamas,” Brookings Institute (originally in Foreign Affairs), August 25, 2010. https://www.brookings.edu/articles/how-to-handle-hamas/ 

Kerry Harris, Michael Adkins, Cody Curran, Katherine Faley, Laura Fish, James Gallagher, Patrick Knapp, Michal Toiba and Katherine Zimmerman, “Iran-Hamas Relationship Tracker 2010,” Critical Threat, June 16, 2010. https://www.criticalthreats.org/analysis/iran-hamas-relationship-tracker-2010 

Are Hovdenak, “The Public Services under Hamas in Gaza: Islamic Revolution or Crisis Management?,”  Peace Research Institute Oslo, March 2010. https://cdn.cloud.prio.org/files/1ab44969-bc0b-48f6-b730-7a8e01eb0e08/The_Public_Services_under_Hamas_in_Gaza.pdf?inline=true 

Pew Research Center staff, “Mixed Views of Hamas and Hezbollah in Largely Muslim Nations,” Pew Research Center, February 4, 2010. https://www.pewresearch.org/global/2010/02/04/mixed-views-of-hamas-and-hezbollah-in-largely-muslim-nations/ 


NBC News staff, “What about Hamas? Question snarls peace bid,” NBC News, October 7, 2009. https://www.nbcnews.com/id/wbna33204281 

Carl Brown, “Book review of ‘Kill Khalid: The Failed Mossad Assassination of Khalid Mishal and the Rise of Hamas’,” Foreign Affairs, September 1, 2009. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/reviews/capsule-review/2009-09-01/kill-khalid-failed-mossad-assassination-khalid-mishal-and-rise 

Paul Scham and Osama Abu-Irshaid, “Hamas: Ideological Rigidity and Political Flexibility,” United States Institute of Peace, June 2009. https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/Special%20Report%20224_Hamas.pdf 

Kristen Chick, “Briefing: The motives and aims of Hamas,” Christian Science Monitor, May 13, 2009. https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2009/0513/p06s19-wome.html 

Charlie Szrom, “Iran-Hamas Relationship in 2008,” Critical Threats, February 18, 2009. https://www.criticalthreats.org/analysis/iran-hamas-relationship-in-2008  

Jonathan Fighel, “Hamas, Al-Qaeda and the Islamisation of the Palestinian Cause,” Elcano Royal Institute, January 30, 2009. https://www.realinstitutoelcano.org/en/analyses/hamas-al-qaeda-and-the-islamisation-of-the-palestinian-cause-ari/ 

Andrew Tabler and Simon Henderson, “Tough Choice on Hamas Prompt Arab Disarray,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 27, 2009. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/tough-choices-hamas-prompt-arab-disarray 

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs staff, “The Hamas War Against Israel: Statements by Israeli leaders,” Ministry of Foreign Affairs, January 18, 2009 (updated August 8, 2021). https://www.gov.il/en/Departments/General/the-hamas-war-against-israel-statements-by-israeli-leaders 

Robert Ehrenfeld, “Where Hamas Gets Its Money,” Forbes, January 16, 2009. https://www.forbes.com/2009/01/16/gaza-hamas-funding-oped-cx_re_0116ehrenfeld.html?sh=4a7c6af87afb 

Bernard Gwertzman, “Iran Supports Hamas, but Hamas Is No Iranian ’Puppet’,” Council on Foreign Relations, January 7, 2009. https://www.cfr.org/interview/iran-supports-hamas-hamas-no-iranian-puppet 

Alex Altman, “Hamas Leader Khaled Mashaal,” TIME Magazine, January 4, 2009. https://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1869481,00.html 

Floor Janssen, “Hamas and its Positions Towards Israel,” Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael (academic paper), January 2009. https://www.clingendael.org/sites/default/files/2016-02/20090200_cscp_security_paper_jansen.pdf  


Matthew Levitt, “Holding Hamas Accountable,” The Forward, December 31, 2008. https://forward.com/opinion/14845/holding-hamas-accountable-03079/ 

Anav Silverman, “Hamas’s Winning Media Strategy,” Sderot Media, December 30, 2008. https://sderotmedia.com/hamass-winning-media-strategy/2137/ 

Jeffrey White, “Operation Cast Lead: Israel’s Assault on Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, December 29, 2008. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/operation-cast-lead-israels-assault-hamas 

Jeffrey White, “West Bank Hardball: Fatah’s Offensive Against Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, December 9, 2008. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/west-bank-hardball-fatahs-offensive-against-hamas 

Mohammad Yaghi, “Reconciling with Hamas?: Abbas’s Hedge Against a Failed Peace Process,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, June 18, 2008. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/reconciling-hamas-abbass-hedge-against-failed-peace-process 

Associated Press staff, “Hamas offers truce in return for 1967 borders,” NBC News, April 21, 2008. https://www.nbcnews.com/id/wbna24235665 

Robert Satloff, “The False Hope of Embracing Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, April 21, 2008. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/false-hope-embracing-hamas 

Matthew Levitt, “Carter’s Role In Legitimizing Hamas,” CBS News/Weekly Standard, April 16, 2008. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/carters-role-in-legitimizing-hamas/ 

Robert Satloff, “The Hamas Dilemma: A Debate on Alternative Strategies,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 26, 2008. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-dilemma-debate-alternative-strategies 

Nidal al-Mughrabi, “Inspired by God, Hamas fighters battle on,” Reuters, March 4, 2008. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-palestinians-israel-fighter/inspired-by-god-hamas-fighters-battle-on-idUSL0312451520080304 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas in the Spotlight,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 28, 2008. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-spotlight 


Haim Malka, “Hamas: Resistance and the Transformation of Palestinian Society” (chapter from book), Center for Strategic a& International Studies, December 28, 2007. https://csis-website-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/071228_haimmalka.pdf 

Mohammad Yaghi, “Hamas’s Authoritarian Regime in Gaza,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 13, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-authoritarian-regime-gaza 

Nick Francona, “Hamas’s Military Capabilities after the Gaza Takeover,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, August 27, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-military-capabilities-after-gaza-takeover 

Matthew Levitt, “Undercutting a Culture of Militancy: Designating Hamas Charities,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, August 8, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/undercutting-culture-militancy-designating-hamas-charities 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas’s Hidden Economy,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, July 3, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-hidden-economy 

Associated Press staff, “Abbas vows to protect West Bank from Hamas,” NBC News, June 20, 2007. https://www.nbcnews.com/id/wbna19335843 

Mohammad Yaghi and Ben Fishman, “Hamas’s Coup and the Challenges Ahead for Fatah,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, June 19, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-coup-and-challenges-ahead-fatah 

Robert Satloff, “Hamas and the Second Six Day War: Implications, Challenges, and Opportunities,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, June 18, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-and-second-six-day-war-implications-challenges-and-opportunities 

Dennis Ross, “The Specter of ‘Hamastan’: More Must Be Done to Counter Islamist Gains in Gaza,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, June 4, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/specter-hamastan-more-must-be-done-counter-islamist-gains-gaza 

Khalil Shikaki, “With Hamas in Power: Impact of Palestinian Domestic Developments on Options for the Peace Process” working paper, Brandeis University, February 2007, https://www.brandeis.edu/crown/publications/working-papers/pdfs/wp1.pdf 

Mohammad Yaghi, “Hamas’s Victory: From Gaza to Mecca,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 16, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-victory-gaza-mecca 

Matthew Levitt, “Teaching Terror: How Hamas Radicalizes Palestinian Society,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 12, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/teaching-terror-how-hamas-radicalizes-palestinian-society 

Mohammad Yaghi, “Palestinian Public Opinion a Year after Hamas’s Victory,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 30, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/palestinian-public-opinion-year-after-hamass-victory 

Ghaith al-Omari, Mohammad Yaghi, Dennis Ross, “Hamas vs. Fatah: Is Confrontation Inevitable?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 22, 2007. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-vs-fatah-confrontation-inevitable 


Adam Davidson, “Hamas: Government or Terrorist Organization?,” NPR, December 6, 2006. https://www.npr.org/2006/12/06/6583080/hamas-government-or-terrorist-organization 

Shimon Peres, “Israel’s War against Hizballah and Its Battle against Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, August 2, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/israels-war-against-hizballah-and-its-battle-against-hamas 

Moshe Yaalon, David Makovsky and Dennis Ross, “Hamas and Israel: From Isolation to Confrontation,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, July 20, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-and-israel-isolation-confrontation 

David Schenker, “Syria, Hamas, and the Gaza Crisis,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, July 10, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/syria-hamas-and-gaza-crisis 

David Makovsky, “How to Deali with the challenge from Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, May 12, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/how-deal-challenge-hamas 

Ben Fishman, “Funding Alternatives to Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, May 2, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/funding-alternatives-hamas 

Robert Satloff, “Hobbling Hamas: Moving Beyond the U.S. Policy of Three No’s,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 3, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hobbling-hamas-moving-beyond-us-policy-three-nos 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 1, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-politics-charity-and-terrorism-service-jihad 

Martin Kramer, “Power Will Not Moderate Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 27, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/power-will-not-moderate-hamas 

Michael Herzog, “Target Aid to Help Hamas Fail,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 8, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/target-aid-help-hamas-fail 

Patrick Clawson and David Makovsky, “Responding to Hamas’s Triumph,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 3, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/responding-hamass-triumph-0 

Michael Herzog, “Can Hamas Be Tamed?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 1, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/can-hamas-be-tamed 

Robert Satloff, “Hamas Triumphant: Implications for Security, Politics, Economy, and Strategy,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 17, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-triumphant-implications-security-politics-economy-and-strategy 

Moshe Yaalon, “The Security Implications of a Hamas-Led Palestinian Authority,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 16, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/security-implications-hamas-led-palestinian-authority 

Dennis Ross, “United States Must Focus on Getting Hamas to ‘Transform Itself’ and Accept Israel’s Right to Exist,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 15, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/united-states-must-focus-getting-hamas-transform-itself-and-accept-israels-right 

Alexandra Silver, “Hamas’ Leaders,” Council on Foreign Relations, February 8, 2006. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/hamas-leaders 

Paul Owen and agencies, “Hamas Sets Out Conditions for Peace,” The Guardian, February 8, 2006. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/feb/08/israel1 

Dennis Ross, “Give Hamas Nothing for Free,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 5, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/give-hamas-nothing-free 

David Makovsky, “Keep Up the Pressure on Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 3, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/keep-pressure-hamas 

Christopher Hitchens, “Suicide Voters: How Hamas dooms Palestine,” Slate, January 30, 2006. https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2006/01/how-hamas-dooms-palestine.html 

Aljazeera staff, “Hamas: The New Political Force,” Aljazeera, January 26, 2006. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2006/1/26/hamas-the-new-political-force 

Robert Satloff, “Hamas’s Rise and Israel’s Choice,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 26, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-rise-and-israels-choice 

David Makovsky, “Don’t Make Exceptions for Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 24, 2006. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/dont-make-exceptions-hamas 


Meir Litvak, “The Anti-Semitism of Hamas,” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture, December 2005. https://pij.org/articles/345/the-antisemitism-of-hamas 

Jamie Chosak and Julie Sawyer, “Hamas’s Tactics: Lessons from Recent Attacks,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, October 19, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-tactics-lessons-recent-attacks 

Metthew Levitt, “A Hamas Headquarters in Saudi Arabia?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 28, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-headquarters-saudi-arabia 

Michael Herzog, “A Wind in Hamas’s Sails: Palestinian Militants Gather Post-Disengagement Momentum,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 13, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/wind-hamass-sails-palestinian-militants-gather-post-disengagement-momentum   

David Makovsky, “Toward a Quartet Position on Hamas: European Rules on Banning Political Parties,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 12, 2005.  https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/toward-quartet-position-hamas-european-rules-banning-political-parties 

Matthew Levitt, “Undermining Hamas and Empowering Moderates by Filling the Humanitarian Void,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 7, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/undermining-hamas-and-empowering-moderates-filling-humanitarian-void 

Ben Fishman and Mohammad Yaghi, “To Stay in the Game, Hamas Has To Play by the Rules,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, August 10, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/stay-game-hamas-has-play-rules 

Michael Herzog, “Encouraging a Tougher PA Response to the Hamas Challenge,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, July 28, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/encouraging-tougher-pa-response-hamas-challenge 

Matthew Levitt, “Palestinian Authority Minister of Economy Tied to Hamas?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 4, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/palestinian-authority-minister-economy-tied-hamas 

David Makovsky, “A Multi-Pronged Strategy to Defeat Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 1, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/multi-pronged-strategy-defeat-hamas 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas and Islamic Jihad Clash over ‘Media Jihad’,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 1, 2005. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-and-islamic-jihad-clash-over-media-jihad 


Matthew Levitt, “Terror [i.e., Hamas operatives] on the UN Payroll?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, October 13, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/terror-un-payroll 

Matthew Levitt, “Indicting Hamas: By Disrupting Its Operations, Does the West Become a Target?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, August 26, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/indicting-hamas-disrupting-its-operations-does-west-become-target 

Matthew Levitt, “Shaykh Yassin and Hamas Terror,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 23, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/shaykh-yassin-and-hamas-terror 

Jeff Cary, “Hamas Ceasefire Proposal: Peace or Pause?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 16, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-ceasefire-proposal-peace-or-pause 

Matthew Levitt, “Shut Down Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 22, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/shut-down-hamas 

Zohar Palti, “Advancing Palestinian Society by Weakening Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 21, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/advancing-palestinian-society-weakening-hamas 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas’s Political Wing: Terror by Other Means,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 6, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-political-wing-terror-other-means 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas from Cradle to Grave,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 1, 2004. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-cradle-grave 


Matthew Levitt, “Turning a Blind Eye to Hamas in London,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, October 20, 2003. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/turning-blind-eye-hamas-london 

Max Abrahms, “Terrorism Casts Pall on ‘Road Map’,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy/Los Angeles Times, August 14, 2003. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/terrorism-casts-pall-road-map 

Shoshanah Haberman, “Between Hudna and Crackdown: Assessing the Record of Hamas Ceasefires,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, June 2, 2003. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/between-hudna-and-crackdown-assessing-record-hamas-ceasefires 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas Blood Money: Mixing Good Works and Terror is No Formula for Peace,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, May 5, 2003. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-blood-money-mixing-good-works-and-terror-no-formula-peace 

Jonathan Schanzer, “The Challenge of Hamas to Fatah,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 1, 2003. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/challenge-hamas-fatah 


Jonathan Schanzer, “Fatah-Hamas Relations: Rapprochement or Ready to Rumble?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, December 19, 2002. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/fatah-hamas-relations-rapprochement-or-ready-rumble 

Richard Sale, “Analysis: Hamas history tied to Israel,” UPI, June 18, 2002. https://www.upi.com/Defense-News/2002/06/18/Analysis-Hamas-history-tied-to-Israel/82721024445587/ 

Matthew Levitt, “Hamas: Toward a Lebanese-Style War of Attrition?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, February 26, 2002. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-toward-lebanese-style-war-attrition 

Seth Wikas, “The Hamas Ceasefire: Historical Background, Future Foretold?,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, January 3, 2002. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamas-ceasefire-historical-background-future-foretold 


David Schenker, “Jordan and the Islamists [i.e., Hamas]: Unfinished Business,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, July 27, 2001. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/jordan-and-islamists-unfinished-business 

Jacqueline Kaufman, “Islamic Palestine or Liberated Palestine? The Relationship between the Palestinian Authority and Hamas,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, July 19, 2001. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/islamic-palestine-or-liberated-palestine-relationship-between-palestinian-authority 


Reuven Paz, “Hamas’s Lessons from Lebanon,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, May 25, 2000. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hamass-lessons-lebanon 

Reuven Paz, “Palestinian [Hamas] Holocaust Denial,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 21, 2000. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/palestinian-holocaust-denial 


Nicole Brackman, “Clampdown on Hamas: King Abdullah Strikes Out on His Own,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, October 6, 1999. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/clampdown-hamas-king-abdullah-strikes-out-his-own 


Rachel Ingber and Jonathan Lincoln, “A ‘Kinder, Gentler’ Hamas?: Hamas Leaders on the Record,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, October 27, 1997. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/kinder-gentler-hamas-hamas-leaders-record 

Robert Satloff, “From Hebron to Har Homa to Hamas: The Chimera of ‘Reciprocity’,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 4, 1997. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/hebron-har-homa-hamas-chimera-reciprocity 

Jonathan Torop, “The Arafat-Hamas Rapprochement,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, March 21, 1997. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/arafat-hamas-rapprochement 


Congressional Research Service staff, “Hamas: The Organizations, Goals and Tactics of a Militant Palestinian Organization,” Federation of American Scientists, October 14, 1993. https://irp.fas.org/crs/931014-hamas.htm 


Clinton Bailey, “Policy Focus: Hamas: The Fundamentalist Challenge to the PLO,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, April 1992. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/media/3643 


Lisa Taraki, “The Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) in the Palestinian Uprising,” Middle East Research and Information Project, January-February 1989. https://merip.org/1989/01/the-islamic-resistance-movement-in-the-palestinian-uprising/