Nahum Sokolow, 1859-1936

Born in Poland, Sokolow was a prolific writer and journalist, including a Hebrew newspaper in Warsaw and books on geography and antisemitism. He translated Theodor Herzl’s “Altneuland” into Hebrew as “Tel Aviv,” providing the city’s name. From 1907 to 1909, Sokolow was the secretary-general of the World Zionist Organization. He won advance support from the pope and France for what became the Balfour Declaration.

Photo: George Grantham Bain Collection, U.S. Library of Congress