Ukraine-born Tchernichovsky was a physician and one of the great poets working in modern Hebrew. Drawn to Zionism and modern Hebrew in the 1890s, he didn’t settle in Mandate Palestine until 1931, when a contract to edit a book of medical terms translated into Hebrew enabled his move. Because of his skill at translating a range of languages into Hebrew, a prize for literary translations is named for him. He was a mentor to Amos Oz.
Photo: National Photo Collection of Israel