Following the October 1973 War, the Israeli government establishes a commission of inquiry, headed by Supreme Court Chief Justice Shimon Agranat, to investigate the circumstances surrounding the IDF’s failure to prepare for the devastating surprise Egyptian-Syrian attack. The Commission assigns responsibility to military leaders for failures leading to and execution of the War. Though it does not assign direct blame to Prime Minister Golda Meir and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, both resign in April 1974. (source)