Major Arab physical attacks against Jewish and British encampments and settlements are sustained. Arab leaders in countries surrounding Palestine ask for an end to the violence, to further their own parochial national interests. Jews living in Arab lands, especially Iraq, experience an anti-Jewish backlash from events in Palestine. The disturbances continue on an off until early 1939. During these three years, the death toll includes some 250 British administrators and security forces, 400 Jews and over 5,000 Arabs. The uprising ultimately results in the 1939 White Paper, acquiescing to Arab demands to curtail Jewish immigration and land transfers between Jews and Arabs in Palestine.