Shechtman is awarded the Prize for discovering quasicrystals while conducting research in the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington, D.C. Quasicrystals are crystalline materials that lack a repeating structure, and many notable scientists have argued that they do not exist. Quasicrystals are now used to make nonstick insulation and coatings. At the time of his award, Shechtman is a Philip Tobias Professor of Materials Science at the Technion and a Professor of Materials Science at Iowa State University. Shechtman is Israel’s tenth Nobel prize winner.