Ruling Egypt since the early 1950s, Nasser stamps Egypt with a philosophy that combines anti-imperialism, anti-colonialism, and anti-Zionism. He survives the British, French, and Israeli attempt to overthrow him in the 1956 War and again he outlives the disastrous Egyptian defeat in the June 1967 War. Cairo, under his leadership, is the hub of pan-Arabism. He often angers his Arab brethren, especially the Saudis and Syrians, who fear Egyptian aggressiveness in the Arab world. Sadat will lead Egypt through the 1973 War and into diplomatic negotiations which eventually lead to a peace treaty with Israel in March 1979.