Adolf Eichmann, the Chief of Operations of the Nazi extermination program during World War II, is brought to Israel to stand trial under Israel’s Nazis and Nazi Collaborators (Punishment) Law (1950). In the trial, which opens in April 1961, Eichmann is found guilty of crimes against humanity and the Jewish people, and sentenced to death. His appeal to the Supreme Court is rejected and he is hanged on 30 May 1962. This is the only time that the death penalty is carried out under Israeli law.