Since the Constituent Assembly and the First Knesset are unable to put a constitution together, the Knesset legislates basic laws on various subjects. The Eighth Basic Law of Israel is passed by the Tenth Knesset on February 28, 1984. The law deals with the Israeli judicial system, including judicial authority, its institutions, the principle of independence on matters of judgment, the openness of judicial proceedings, the appointment of judges, their qualifications and tenure of office, the powers of the Supreme Court, the right of appeal, further hearing, retrial and the principle of settled law. The law does not deal with the authority of the courts to examine the legality of laws. This will be dealt with in the Basic Law: Legislation, when it is enacted. The law includes an instruction regarding its permanence and protection from changes by means of emergency regulations.
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