Since the Constituent Assembly and the first Knesset are unable to put a constitution together, the Knesset legislates basic laws on various subjects. The Eleventh Basic Law of Israel is passed by the Fifteenth Knesset on March 7, 2001. It stipulates rules and conditions for the direct election of the Prime Minister simultaneously with the Knesset elections, as of the elections to the fourteenth Knesset. It deals with the elected Prime Minister and his government’s service, government formation, qualifications for becoming minister, procedures leading up to a government’s formation, its actual formation, the way it functions, ministerial and governmental powers, continuity of government, general elections, and resignation or removal of the Prime Minister. Only a majority of the Knesset members can amend the law.
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