High Commissioner Samuel appoints Hajj Amin to lead the Muslims in Palestine, despite his third place finish in the election for the position. As a fierce nationalist, anti-Zionist, and anti-Semite, Hajj Amin instigates violence against Zionism and Jewish development in 1921, 1929, and in 1936-39. He aligns with the Nazis during World War II, even helping organizing a Muslim SS unit in the Balkans. His extremism drowns out all moderate Arab voices seeking compromise with Zionism.