With forthright clarity, US Secretary of State James Baker warned that in a post-Cold War world the US would not let Saddam Hussein’s August 1990 invasion of Kuwait stand. In January 1991, the US and its coalition partners ejected Iraq from Kuwait. Earlier with the Shah’s fall in 1979 through the US seeking to curb Iran’s nuclear arms quest in 2022, America’s Middle Eastern engagement remained Persian Gulf centric, not focused on the Mediterranean area as it had been from 1945-1979. (source)