After Israel’s invasion of southern Lebanon in June 1982, the Kahan Commission is established to answer widespread public dissatisfaction about the conduct of the war. It concludes that Israel had no direct responsibility for the massacre of close to 1,000 Palestinians living in refugee camps. Prime Minister Begin is not sanctioned, but Defense Minister Sharon is blamed for ignoring the signs that revenge killings are likely to take place. Sharon does not resign from office. Others, such as the Foreign Minister, the Chief of Staff, and the head of IDF Intelligence, are also remonstrated.(source)