Born in Vienna, Buber (1878-1965) is one of the great Jewish thinkers of the 20th century. Aligned with Cultural Zionism and Herzl’s Political Zionism, one of his major philosophical works, “I and Thou” has significant influence on philosophers and theologians of Christianity and Judaism. A professor at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and one of the main proponents of “Brit Shalom,” Buber advocates the creation of a bi-national (Jews and Arabs) state in Eretz Yisrael.