In the midst of severe Palestinian-Israeli violence during the Second Intifada, the Mitchell Committee (named after its chairman, former US Senator George J. Mitchell), comprised of US, UN, and European representatives, carefully refuses to assign responsibility for the on-going bloodshed. The Report’s conclusions recommend building of confidence between the sides, with the objective being the eventual resumption of negotiations. The members of the committee later came to be known as the “Quartet,” which issue the “Road Map for Peace” in 2003. (source)