Since the Constituent Assembly and the First Knesset were unable to put a constitution together, the Knesset legislated basic laws on various subjects. The Second Basic Law of Israel is passed by the Fourth Knesset on July 25, 1960. The basis of the law is the special relationship between the People of Israel and the Land of Israel and its redemption. The law ensures that the state owned lands, which constitute about 90% of the lands in Israel, should remain national property. The law prohibits the transfer of ownership over lands owned by the state, the Development Authority or the Jewish National Fund, either by sale or by any other means, with the exception of types of land or transactions, which have been specified in the law.
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