Perpetuating the Spanish Inquisition in colonial Latin America, an office is set up in Mexico City aimed at persecuting Latin American Jews in addition to homosexuals and non-Christians. The Inquisition, which is established by Spanish Catholic monarchs in 1480, lasts until 1834 and claims the lives of more than 150,000 non-Catholics. Under the inquisition in Latin America, being Jewish could result in execution by burning at the stake, forcing many Jews to either convert to Christianity or hide their religious practices.