As anticipated future victors in World War I, Britain and France allocate to themselves portions of the Middle East through the Sykes-Picot agreement after making pledges and promises to Arabs for degrees of independence from Ottoman Turkish control. Britain enters into series of agreements, treaties and alliances with Arab leaders elsewhere in the Middle East to preserve British strategic interests and the link between India and Great Britain. The same motivation plays into British desire to secure eastern side of Suez Canal; security is solidified for British with commitment to the Zionists in the Balfour Declaration. The Sykes-Picot Agreement is ratified in 1920 and accepted by the League of Nations for division of the Middle East after the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in World War I. (source)