Held in Lucerne, Switzerland, while the Nazi Party consolidates power and systematic and passionate anti-Semitism grows in Germany, the Congress discusses rescuing German Jews and bringing them to Palestine. With the Labor faction still the majority, a coalition is established that allows Weizmann to return to his position as President of the WZO. David Ben-Gurion is elected to the Executive of the Jewish Agency during the Congress; the Revisionists have seceded from the WZO and do not attend the congress. The congress is held as the annual increases of Jewish immigration to Palestine reaches their zenith in 1993, 1934, and 1935.