Held in Basle, opening with a eulogy to Herzl, members of the congress vote against the Uganda Proposal, stating Palestine is the only option for a Jewish state. Jewish Territorialists, led by Israel Zangwill, likewise secede from the Congress, founding their own faction, The Jewish Territorial Association. David Wolffsohn is elected president of the World Zionist Organization, as a replacement to Herzl, and the Zionist Executive Office moves from Vienna to Cologne.