A campaign promise of President Trump, the controversial US embassy move to Jerusalem is in accordance with the 1995 US law, Jerusalem Embassy Act. It stipulates that “the United States Embassy in Israel should be established in Jerusalem no later than May 31, 1999.” With the control and political status of Jerusalem an emotionally-charged element in the Arab-Israeli dispute, former presidents chose to defer the move. Since 1950, Jerusalem has been the seat of Israel’s government, with various decrees and laws stating that it is her undivided and eternal capital. While 128 countries, including many US allies vote to condemn the move and the US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, several countries including Guatemala move their embassies to Jerusalem. The Palestinian Authority say Trump’s action kills the negotiating process and eliminates Washington as a mediator in future negotiations. Trump notes that the move has no impact on future prospects for restarting negotiations.
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