Arthur Goldberg, 1908-1990

Goldberg resigned as a U.S. Supreme Court justice in 1965 to serve as the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. He drafted the text of U.N. Security Council Resolution 242, the basis of all “land for peace” negotiations, after the June 1967 war in the Middle East. He emphasized that the resolution was intentionally vague about how much captured territory Israel should withdraw from in exchange for peace.

Photo: Arthur Goldberg is sworn in as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations by Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black as President Lyndon B. Johnson watches (Executive Office of the President).