Balfour Declaration, 1917
The contents of the 1917 Balfour Declaration became central to the international recognition of the right of Jews to establish a national home/state.

Building the State Before the State: Keren Hayesod Posters, 1942
Participation in community requires certain obligations and duties.

Israeli Declaration of Independence
A. Connection with the land, people, and history of Israel is a core component of Jewish identity.
B. The creation of the State of Israel must be understood in the context of Jewish and world history.
C. Understanding that Zionism has changed Jewish history presents opportunities for reflection on Jewish peoplehood, connection of the land, and Jewish identity in modern times.

Jewish History/Israeli History
The Declaration of Independence/Statehood was the end of one stage of Israeli history and the beginning of another.

Group Study on Who’s Who in Israel’s History
A. Connection with the land, people, and history of Israel is an important component of Jewish identity.
B. The relationship with the land of Israel (biblical, historical, political, and mythical) has shaped the experiences of the Jewish people.

Israel and Jewish Identity
Israel was made as a place where I can identify with my Jewishness.

Settling the Land in Eretz Yisrael in the 1930s
The establishment of and settling in different places in Eretz Yisrael is a combination of the ideology of the Olim and the policy of the JNF (KKL)

Origins of Israel’s Boundaries from 1930s-1948
Israel’s borders in 1948 were directly impacted by strategic land purchases.


The everlasting quest for Jewish sovereignty in Eretz Yisrael affected how Jews celebrated their holidays; it has shaped the way Hanukkah has been celebrated over time, religiously, culturally, and politically.

The Historical Jewish Connection to Israel
Jews have a connection to the land based on history

Netanyahu’s Speech at Bar-Ilan University, 2009
The two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict has many complex layers and unresolved variables that have prevented it from becoming a reality.

The Political Significance of Land Purchase
To make the Jewish State a reality, Zionists needed to both attract Jewish immigrants & connect them with the land in Eretz Yisrael.