Elisheva Bikhovsky, 1888-1949

Bikhovsky, one of the “four mothers” of modern Hebrew poetry, often known simply as Elisheva, wrote about Zionism and antisemitism without biblical and rabbinical references. She was drawn to Hebrew as a Russian girl and studied it through her 20s. She and her Jewish husband moved to Palestine in 1925, though she never converted to Judaism. She was one of the first women in Palestine to publish a volume of Hebrew poetry.

Photo: Zoltan Kluger, National Photo Collection of Israel