Sadat was elevated from Egypt’s vice president to president after Gamal Abdel Nasser died in 1970. With Syria, he launched the October 1973 war against Israel. He flew to Israel four years later in pursuit of peace. He negotiated and signed the Camp David Accords in 1978 and the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in 1979. He and Menachem Begin shared the Nobel Peace Prize. Islamist Egyptian soldiers assassinated Sadat in 1981.
Photo: Dan Hadani Collection, Pritzker Family National Photography Collection, National Library of Israel