Building the State Before the State: Keren Hayesod Posters, 1942
Participation in community requires certain obligations and duties.

Hellenism’s Challenge to Ancient Judaism
Hellenism represented a major challenge to the cohesiveness of the Jewish community in ancient Palestine.

Israel’s history: ancient through first Aliyah
Throughout history the Jews have had a connection to the land of Israel. Even in exile, Jews found ways to remember Israel.

Role of Hebrew Language in the Identity of a Nation in Exile
Language is a binding force that maintains identity (and can facilitate or be a component of redemption).

Values in Nation building
Building a nation requires solidifying certain values