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Moshe Dayan Center, The Struggle for Stability: Arab Reactions to the Hamas-Israel War, eight essays with Permission from MDC – March 2024)

In early autumn 2023, there seemed to be much reason for optimism about the future of the Middle East. Of the two dominant geopolitical vectors in the region – that of regional integration and conflict reduction, encompassing the Arab monarchies, Egypt and Israel, and that of the violent “Resistance”, comprising Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, Hamas, the Houthis […]

June 20, 2024 – Patrick Clawson, “Khamenei’s Presidential Choice: Weak Reformer or Strong Hardliner” penetrating assessment, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, with permission

Iranian presidential elections often produce surprise results, so a victory by Pezeshkian, the one reformist candidate, cannot be ruled out. Three of Iran’s last four presidents were surprises whose election was not expected when the campaign began. Will the next election, to be held June 28, bring another surprise? Will the reform candidate, Massoud Pezeshkian, […]

Six July 1978, US Documents on Egyptian-Israeli Narrowing of Differences

The documents reveal the very advanced state of Washington’s success in finding compromise language, of terms, and principles for achieving Egyptian and Israeli agreement on bi-lateral matters and about Palestinian West Bank self-rule (Begin’s ideas). Enormous compatible detail found with significant gaps remaining before the early September Camp Summit started. The US went to Camp David with outlines of possible agreements already drafted.

Hamilton Jordan, Memorando al presidente Jimmy Carter, “Política exterior y política interna: el papel de la comunidad judía estadounidense en el Medio Oriente”

Hamilton Jordan, principal asesor político de Carter, advirtió al presidente que detuviera las acciones anti israelíes de la administración. No obstante, continuaron disminuyendo el apoyo a Carter entre los judíos estadounidenses durante la campaña de reelección de 1980.

Patria palestina: declaraciones de Jimmy Carter y sesión de preguntas y respuestas en la reunión municipal de Clinton, Massachusetts

Planificado para coincidir con las discusiones del Comité Ejecutivo de la OLP y con la esperanza de que su presidente, Yassir Arafat, aceptara entablar negociaciones con Israel a través de Estados Unidos, Jimmy Carter abrió nuevos caminos al esbozar la posición estadounidense hacia los palestinos. Carter dijo que debería haber una patria para los refugiados palestinos. Carter también afirmó el derecho de Israel a existir permanentemente y en paz.

Memorando de conversación entre el presidente Carter y el primer ministro Rabin

Esta primera reunión Carter-Rabin fue, en el mejor de los casos, desagradable. Rabin no entregaría las prerrogativas de negociación de Israel a Estados Unidos; Carter dijo públicamente a Israel que tal vez tuviera que regresar a las fronteras de junio de 1967. Carter dijo que Rabin era como un “pez muerto”. Rabin dijo que se sentía “arrinconado por Carter”. Su administración estaba interesada en crear Cisjordania para la expresión política palestina incluso antes de que la OLP estuviera dispuesta a aceptar la legitimidad israelí. Israel no estaba dispuesto a retirarse de Cisjordania, un cargo que también ocupa Menachem Begin.

Timeline – Hamas-Israel Relations with events, statements and previous clashes, 1988 – Present

Hamas’s genocide against Israelis, unleashes the long blistering hatred that Hamas possesses for Israel and Jews. Entries include severe Arab criticism of Hamas, its detriment to Palestinian nationalism, statements by its leaders, and the war’s unfolding.

Senator Schumer Identifies four obstacles in the way of ending the Hamas-Israel War 

In presenting four obstacles in the way of ending the Hamas-Israel War, Schumer omits six basic obstacles that remain in the negotiating pathway to end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Chaim Weizmann lobbies Lord Cecil to have Great Britain control Palestine after World War I

Chaim Weizmann feverishly advocates for Great Britain to be Palestine’s post WWI administrator, seeking inclusion of specific territories for its boundaries; six months before the Balfour Declaration is issued.

The War in Lebanon, 1982 and the “Kahan Commission”

In an effort to eradicate the PLO as a terror threat to Israel, Israel invaded Lebanon in June 1982. Within three months Israel was on the outskirts of Beirut where Christian Phalangists massacred hundreds of Palestinians in refugee camps. Israel was accused of complicity. The Kahan Commission said that Israel had no direct responsibility for the massacres, yet it forced Defense Minister Sharon’s resignation and others too. In May 2000, Israel fully withdrew from Lebanon, which saw Hezbollah, an Iranian affiliate, take control over the Lebanese south. Prime Minister Begin did not resign as a consequence of the war. US President Reagan severely criticized the Israeli government for the summer 1982 events.

Israel’s 9/11 — Evolving Realities in Europe-Israel Relations

The European Union’s foreign policy chief decried “another massacre of civilians” and called for an end to the Gaza “bloodbath” on June 8 after Israel rescued four of the more than 120 hostages remaining from Oct. 7, when Hamas led the slaughter of 1,200 Israelis and others. The EU previously threatened to sanction Israel. European […]

A General Historiographic and Bibliographic Review of Literature on Palestine and the Palestinian Arabs

Kenneth Stein, “A General Historiographic and Bibliographic Review of Literature on Palestine and the Palestinian Arabs, Orient,” Vol 1, 1981, 100-112.  Introduction Historically, the area which later became geographic Palestine under the Mandate fell under the domination of various outside forces.  Since the Islamic expansion alone portions of Palestine were controlled by numerous successive regimes […]

How Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin viewed the 1993 Oslo Accords – A collection in his own words

In September 2023, thirty years after the historic signing of the Oslo Accords, there is occasion to review Prime Minister Rabin’s understanding of them. I assembled this collection years ago from Daily Reports- Near East and South Asia, 1993-1995. Two short items about Rabin’s views are also found or linked here. Rabin provided a summary of his views of the Accords in a Knesset speech in October 5, 1995. Some of Rabin’s reasons for signing the Accords are also provided in Yehuda Avner’s The Prime Ministers.

Quotations from Hamas Sources Expressing Hatred for Zionism, Israel, and Jews, 1988 – present

Since its inception in 1988, Hamas has been crystal clear about its total opposition to Zionism and Israel. It opposes any kind of negotiations or agreements that recognize Israel as a reality, and its more extreme spokesmen regularly incite or celebrate the killing of Jews.

Israel’s State Commissions of Inquiry Law

Passed on December 30, 1968, Israeli state commissions of inquiry are panels appointed to investigate matters of public concern and state interest. These independent bodies are among Israeli democracy’s most trusted institutions. However, there is no requirement on the part of any sitting government to appoint a commission of inquiry.

Yigal Allon, Lessons from the War of Independence, 1952

Allon was a Palmach commander in the late 1940s. Later, he briefly served as Israel’s Prime Minister., holding many other posts. Cogently, he offers 14 reasons why the Zionists succeeded and the Arabs did not.

Musa Alami, “The Lesson of Palestine”

Musa Alami, “The Lesson of Palestine,” Middle East Journal, October 1949, reprinted with permission Volume 3, No. 4, October 1949, pp. 373-405 Reprinted with permission of The Middle East Institute, October 2021 In this 1949 article published in Middle East Journal, Musa Alami, a noted and highly respected Palestinian Arab leader during the first half […]

Hillel Cohen, Army of Shadows, 2009 conclusions show regular Palestinian Arab collaboration with Zionists before Israel

Cohen shows regular Palestinian Arab collaboration with Zionists before Israel was established and asserts that local and family loyalties, with identity to villages, and not to a nation, did severe harm to the Palestinian struggle against Jewish nation building. (Presented with permission of the author, June 2024).

Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas Resolución 1701 – Frontera Israelí – Libanesa

(11 de agosto de 2006) Fuente:: https://unsco.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/s_res_17012006.pdf La frontera libanesa israelí y el río Litani Fuente: CIA El 12 de julio de 2006, la organización terrorista libanesa Hezbollah realizó una incursión transfronteriza en Israel, secuestrando a dos patrulleros israelíes antes de retirarse. Así comenzó lo que los israelíes llaman la Segunda Guerra del Líbano. La […]

Israeli Government-Designed Peace Plan After June 1967 War

Following the conclusion of the June 1967 War, the Israeli government sent word to Egypt and Syria seeking peace plan that was intended to jumpstart a peace process with Israel’s belligerent neighbors, Egypt and Syria. The messages were sent through the US, but no response was apparently received.

UN Security Council Resolution 242

The Resolution calls for unspecified Israel withdrawal from territories in return for right of all states to live in peace. It does not call for full withdrawal. It is the basis of Egyptian (1979) and Jordanian (1994) Treaties with Israel, and PLO (1993) recognition of Israel.

November 1993, Camp David Negotiations- Discussion with Hermann Eilts, Samuel Lewis, William Quandt, Hal Saunders, Dan Kurtzer and Ken Stein, Hempstead, NY

“Camp David Negotiations,” in Jimmy Carter: Foreign Policy and Post-Presidential Years, Herbert D. Rosenbaum and Alexej Ugrinsky (eds.) Hofstra University Conference, Greenwood Press, 1994, pp. 149–187. Scroll to the end for detailed biographies of the five speakers. Discussants Hermann F. Eilts, Samuel W. Lewis, William B. Quandt, Harold H. Saunders, Daniel C. Kurtzer and Kenneth […]

Israel’s 9/11 — Changes in the U.S.-Israel Relationship Since the June 1967 War

In the days before the June 1967 war, President Lyndon Johnson warned Israel against war, saying, “If you go it alone, you will be alone.” President Joe Biden issued a similar warning in March against Israel launching an offensive in Rafah, part of the Israeli campaign to destroy Hamas’ control of Gaza after the Oct. […]

Saudi King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud to President Truman

No document better reveals the hostility which most Arab leaders and Arab states had in 1947 for Zionism and for a possible Jewish state. The Saudi King notes “that US support for Zionists in Palestine is an unfriendly act directed against the Arabs.” The King’s views were totally supported by US State Department officials including Loy Henderson and George Kennan who advocated strongly against Truman’s support of a Jewish state.

(Podcast) Begin, Sadat and Carter: Camp David Breakthrough

This episode focuses on the first Arab-Israeli peace breakthrough, the Camp David Accords of 1978. Camp David resulted from Egyptian president Anwar Sadat’s electrifying visit to Jerusalem. Host David Makovsky discusses this major decision point with Dr. Ken Stein, who has been a professor of contemporary Middle Eastern history, political science, and Israel studies at Emory University for forty-three years.

Ken Stein Interview with Mark Siegel, Washington, DC

As a Democratic Party operative, Mark Siegel astutely helped Jimmy Carter win the 1976 election. He assisted in delegate selection, on the platform committee, and kept Eugene MaCarthy’s name off the New York state ballot. In the White House, as the administration’s liaison to the Jewish community, he abruptly resigned for being lied to by the administration. He explains Brzezinski/Carter disappointment with Sadat’s historic 1977 trip to Jerusalem because it channeled Arab-Israeli negotiations into a bi-lateral pathway. With that, the Brzezinski/Carter fear was realized. Any hope of Palestinian self-determination and Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank/Gaza Strip would be endlessly postponed in favor of Egyptian-Israeli national interests. He is frank in his descriptions and epititude of those who worked in the Carter White House.

September 17, 1978 – Conversation between President Carter with Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan – Carter’s promises to Sadat on Jerusalem – Dayan’s reply, Camp David, MD

On the last day of negotiations at Camp David, President Carter asked Israel to accept the US position that Jerusalem was occupied territory; Dayan shot back in vigorous opposition, “if we had known that you would declare your position on Jerusalem, we would not have come here. This is the first time that we are confronted with an American position and specifically on the most sensitive issue. All your positions with regards to settlements are insignificant compared to our confrontation on the issue of Jerusalem.”