From the early 19th century, Zionists and then Israelis negotiated with Arabs in Palestine and then with Arab neighbors.

Zionists, Arabs, Israelis, Palestinians, and various outside powers took positions for and against negotiations. Many tried and succeeded in mediating portions of the conflict. Over time, numerous agreements were offered, less were signed, and many more were suggested. Our listing is our sampling of the most important successes, possibilities, and positions.