In the 19th century a relatively few Jews decided to move to their ancient homeland, Eretz Yisrael.

Zionism is Jewish nationalism. A relatively small number of Jews who decided to control their own futures by seeking, making, and keeping a state is the story of modern Israel. How did Jews take destiny into their hands by going from powerless to power?  How did they acquire land, link people to it through immigration, and build a small infrastructure for a state? The Jewish QuestionThe Balfour Declaration, and Israel’s Declaration of Independence are three basic documents that chronicle the half-century effort to reestablish a Jewish territory in their ancestral homeland.

Documents

Biblical Covenants
Liturgical References to Zion and Jerusalem
1896 Herzl – The Jewish Question and the Plan for the Jewish State
1917 The Balfour Declaration
1948 Israel Declaration of Independence