Zionism is Jewish nationalism. Relatively few Jews decided to control their own future by seeking, making, and keeping a state. That is the story of modern Israel. How and why did Jews take destiny into their hands by going from powerless to power?   How did they acquire land, link people to it through immigration, and build a small infrastructure for a state?  The Jewish Question,  The Balfour Declaration,  and Israel’s Declaration of Independence are three basic documents that chronicle the half century effort to reestablish a Jewish territory in their ancestral homeland.


The book bibliography below is short in length.  A longer list of books pertaining to Zionism and Israel  may be found at Zionism and Israel- An Annotated Bibliography of Books

Avineri, Shlomo. The Making of Modern Zionism: The Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State. New York: Basic Books, 1981

Dinur, Ben Zion.  Israel and the Diaspora, Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1969

Hertzberg, Arthur. The Zionist Idea. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1997

Horowitz, Dan and Moshe Lissak. Origins of the Israeli Polity: Palestine Under the Mandate. Chicago University Press, 1978

Horowitz, David. State in the Making. New York: Knopf, 1953

Hurewitz, J.C. Struggle for Palestine. New York: W.W. Norton Company, Greenwood Press, 1950; reprinted by Greenwood Press, 1968

Khalaf, Issa. Politics in Palestine: Arab Factionalism and Social Disintegration, 1939-1948. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1991

Laqueur, Walter. A History of Zionism. New York, 1972

Metzer, Jacob. The Divided Economy of Mandatory Palestine. Cambridge University Press, 1998

Radosh, Allis and Ronald Radosh. A Safe Haven: Harry S. Truman and the Founding of Israel, 2009

Shapira, Anita. Israel: A History. Waltham, MA: Brandeis, 2012

Stein, Kenneth W. The Land Question in Palestine, 1917-1939. University of North Carolina Press, 1984

Sykes, Christopher. Crossroads to Israel, 1917-1948. Indiana University Press, 1965

Vital, David.  Origins of Zionism. Oxford University Press, 1975

Zweig, Ronald W. (ed.). David Ben-Gurion: Politics and Leadership in Israel. London: Cass, 1991


While this is a general list of articles dealing with Zionism, an online article list may be found at

Arkush, Allan. “Cultural Zionism Today,” Israel Studies, 19:2 (Summer 2014)): 1-14.

Ben-Israel, Hedva Ben-Israel. “Zionism and European Nationalisms; Comparative Aspects.” Israel Studies 8, no. 1 (2003): 91-104.

Ben-Moshe, Danny. “The Oslo Peace Process and Two Views on Judaism and Zionism, 1992–1996.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 32, no. 1 (May 2005): 13-27.

Brown, Michael. “Divergent Paths: Early Zionism in Canada and the United States.”Jewish Social Studies 44, no. 2 (1982): 149-68.

Daccarett, Paula. “1890s Zionism Reconsidered: Joseph Marco Baruch.” Jewish History19, no. 3/4 (2005): 315-45.

Divine, Donna Robinson. “Zionism and the Politics of Authenticity,” Israel Studies, 19:2 (Summer 2014): 94-110.

Don-Yehiya, Eliezer. “Zionism in Retrospective.” Modern Judaism 18, no. 3 (October 1998): 267-76.

Eisen, Arnold M. “Reflections on the State of Zionist Thought.” Modern Judaism 18, no. 3 (October 1998): 253-66.

Goldstein, J. “The Attitude of the Jewish and the Russian Intelligentsia to Zionism in the Initial Period (1897-1904).” The Slavonic and East European Review 64, no. 4 (October 1986): 546-56.

Gorny, Yosef. “Thoughts on Zionism as a Utopian Ideology.” Modern Judaism 18, no. 3 (October 1998): 241-51.

Hametz, Maura. “Zionism, Emigration, and Antisemitism in Trieste: Central Europe’s “Gateway to Zion,” 1896-1943.” Jewish Social Studies 13, no. 3 (2007): 103-34.

Hever, Hannah, and Lisa Katz. “The Post-Zionist Condition.” Critical Inquiry 38, no. 3 (2012): 630-48.

Kelman, H. C. “Israel in Transition from Zionism to Post-Zionism.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 555, no. 1 (January 1998): 46-61.

Kelemen, Paul. “Zionism and the British Labour Party: 1917–39.” Social History 21, no. 1 (January 1996): 71-87.

Landau, Jacob M. “Muslim Turkish Attitudes towards Jews, Zionism and Israel.” Die Welt Des Islams 28, no. 1/4 (1988): 291-300.

Laqueur, W. “Zionism and Its Liberal Critics, 1896-1948.” Journal of Contemporary History 6, no. 4 (1971): 161-82.

Levenson, Alan. “Gentile Reception of Herzlian Zionism, a Reconsideration.” Jewish History 16, no. 2 (2002): 187-202.

Litvinoff, Barnet. “The Fall from Grace of Zionism.” Journal of Palestine Studies 10, no. 1 (1980): 185-87.

Luz, Ehud. “The Moral Price Of Sovereignty: The Dispute About The Use Of Military Power Within Zionism.” Modern Judaism 7, no. 1 (February 1987): 51-98.

Masliyah, Sadok H. “Zionism in Iraq.” Middle Eastern Studies 25, no. 2 (April 1989): 216-37.

Mendes-Flohr, Paul R. “Between Existentialism and Zionism.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 47, no. 3 (September 1979): 429-40.

Parzen, Herbert. “Conservative Judaism and Zionism (1896-1922).” Jewish Social Studies23, no. 4 (October 1961): 235-64.

Porat, D. “‘Amalek’s Accomplices’ Blaming Zionism for the Holocaust: Anti-Zionist Ultra-Orthodoxy in Israel during the 1980s.” Journal of Contemporary History27, no. 4 (October 1992): 695-729.

Ram, Uri. “Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and the Bifurcation of Israel.” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 19, no. 1-2 (December 2007): 21-33. doi:10.1007/s10767-007-9016-2.

Reinharz, J. “Chaim Weizmann : The Shaping of a Zionist Leader before the First World War.” Journal of Contemporary History 18, no. 2 (April 01, 1983): 205-31.

Reinharz, Jehuda. “The Conflict between Zionism and Traditionalism before World War I.” Jewish History 7, no. 2 (1993): 59-78.

Schweid, Eliezer. “Beyond All That: Modernism, Zionism, Judaism.” Israel Studies 1, no. 1 (1996): 224-46.

Shapira, Anita. “Anti-Semitism And Zionism.” Modern Judaism 15, no. 3 (October 1995): 215-32.

Shapira, Anita. “Labour Zionism and the October Revolution.” Journal of Contemporary History 24, no. 4 (October 1989): 623-56.

Shapira, Anita. “Zionism in the Age of Revolution.” Modern Judaism 18, no. 3 (October 1998): 217-26.

Shenhav, Yehouda. “Modernity and the Hybridization of Nationalism and Religion: Zionism and the Jews of the Middle East as a Heuristic Case.” Theory and Society36, no. 1 (February 2007): 1-30.

Stockton, Ronald R. “Christian Zionism: Prophecy and Public Opinion.” Middle East Journal 41, no. 2 (1987): 234-53.

Stork, Joe, and Sharon Rose. “Zionism and American Jewry.” Journal of Palestine Studies 3, no. 3 (1974): 39-57.

Taub, Gadi. “In Defense of Zionism,” Fathom Journal, October 2014, http://fathomjournal.org/in-defence-of-zionism/

Vital, David. “Ahad Ha-‘Am as the Sage of Zionism.” Jewish History 4, no. 2 (1990): 25-32.

Weissbrod, Lilly. “From Labour Zionism to New Zionism: Ideological Change in Israel.”Theory and Society 10, no. 6 (November 1981): 777-803.

Weissbrod, Lilly. “Religion as National Identity in a Secular Society.” Review of Religious Research 24, no. 3 (March 1983): 188-205.

Wiemer, Reinhard. “The Theories of Nationalism and of Zionism in the First Decade of the State of Israel.” Middle Eastern Studies 23, no. 2 (1987): 172-87.

Wistrich, Robert S. “Zionism and Its Jewish Assimilationist Critics (1897-1948).”Jewish Social Studies: History, Culture, and Society 4, no. 2 (1998): 59-111.

Wistrich, Robert S. “Zionism and Its Religious Critics in Fin-de-siècle Vienna.” Jewish History 10, no. 1 (1996): 93-111.

Yiftachel, Oren. “The Myths of Zionism.” Journal of Palestine Studies 35, no. 3 (2006): 124-26.