Political Institutions

Living as a minority for centuries in Europe and the Middle East required the Jewish people to develop structures of organization and leadership in order to preserve and represent the community’s interests to the ruling regime. Jews taxed and educated themselves, essentially practicing self-government well before they ever controlled a territory. By emerging from a variety of social, geographic, and ideological backgrounds, the World Zionist Organization became an umbrella movement of diverse outlooks. Political debate was constant, often rancorous, and more often inclusive. In Palestine, institutions were established to link people to the land, with the Jewish Agency established to interact with the British on behalf of the growing Jewish community. Zionists elected a self-governing assembly in April 1920, with 22,000 out of 28,000 eligible voters casting ballots. The assembly did not have much power, but there was universal suffrage and parties were represented proportionately to the votes received. There were four such elections prior to the establishment of the state in 1948… read more

Books

Arian, Alan. Politics in Israel: The Second Republic. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2005.

Arian, Alan, and Michal Shamir. The Elections in Israel, 1996. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Arian, Alan, and Michal Shamir. The Elections in Israel, 1999. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002.

Arian, Alan, and Michal Shamir. The Elections in Israel, 2003. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2005.

Barnett, Michael N. Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Deshen, Shlomo A. Immigrant Voters in Israel: Parties and Congregations in a Local Election Campaign. Manchester: Manchester U.P., 1970.

Diskin, Abraham. Elections and Voters in Israel. New York: Praeger, 1991.

Dowty, Alan. Critical Issues in Israeli Society. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004.

Dowty, Alan. The Jewish State: A Century Later. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Dowty, Alan. Israel/Palestine. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2005.

Elon, Amos. The Israelis: Founders and Sons. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1984.

Ezrahi, Yaron. Rubber Bullets: Power and Conscience in Modern Israel. Berkeley [etc.: University of California Press, 1998.

Garfinkle, Adam M. Politics and Society in Modern Israel: Myths and Realities. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1997.

Gitelman, Zvi. Immigration and Identity: The Resettlement and Impact of Soviet Immigrants on Israeli Politics on Society. Los Angeles: Susan and David Wilstein Institute of Jewish Policy Studies, 1995.

Goldberg, Giora. Ben-Gurion against the Knesset. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

Hazan, Reuven Y., and Lawrence D. Longley. The Uneasy Relationship Between Parliamentary Members and Leaders. London: Frank Cass, 1999.

Hazan, Reuven Y., and Moshe Maor, eds. Parties, Elections, and Cleavages: Israel in Comparative and Theoretical Perspective. London: Frank Cass, 2000.

Horowitz, Dan, and Moshe Lissak. Origins of the Israeli Polity: Palestine under the Mandate. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Dan Horowitz and Moshe Lissak. Trouble in Utopia: The Overburdened Polity of Israel. Albany: SUNY Press, 1989.

Isaac, Rael Jean. Party and Politics in Israel: Three Visions of a Jewish State. New York: Longman, 1981.

Karsh, Efraim. Israel: The First Hundred Years. London [etc.: Frank Cass, 2004.

Karsh, Efraim. From Rabin to Netanyahu: Israel’s Troubled Agenda. London: Frank Cass, 1997.

Kimmerling, Baruch. The Israeli State and Society: Boundaries and Frontiers. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989.

Kretzmer, David. The occupation of justice: the supreme court of Israel and the occupied territories. SUNY Press, 2002.

Kyle, Keith, and Joel Peters. Whither Israel?: The Domestic Challenges. London: Royal Institute of International Affairs in Association with I.B. Tauris, 1993.

Lomsky-Feder, Edna, and Eyal Ben-Ari, eds. The military and militarism in Israeli society. SUNY Press, 2012.

Mahler, Gregory S. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2011.

Mahler, Gregory S. Readings on the Israeli Political System: Structures and Processes. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.

Ma’or, Anat. Legislation and Politics: The Success of Private Legislation in Israel. Saarbrucken, Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Pub., 2011.

Medding, Peter. The Founding of Israel Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Nixon, David. Multiparty probabilistic voting: An application to the Knesset. Washington University, School of Business and Center in Political Economy, 1995.

Penniman, Howard Rae. Israel at the Polls: The Knesset Elections of 1977. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1979.

Peretz, Don, and Gideon Doron. The Government and Politics of Israel. 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.

Sachar, Howard Morley. A History of Israel: From the Rise of Zionism to Our Time. New York: Knopf, 2007.

Salpeter, Eliahu, and Yuval Elizur. Who Rules Israel? New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Yiftachel, Oren. Ethnocracy: Land and identity politics in Israel/Palestine. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

Yishai, Yael. Land of Paradoxes: Interest Politics in Israel. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1991.

 

Articles

 

Abramson, Paul R. “Generational Replacement, Ethnic Change, and Partisan Support in Israel.” The Journal of Politics 1989, 51.3: 545.

Aharoni, Y. “The Changing Political Economy of Israel.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 1998, 555.1: 127-46.

Akirav, Osnat, Gary W. Cox, and Mathew D. McCubbins. “Agenda Control in the Israeli Knesset during Ariel Sharon’s Second Government.” The Journal of Legislative Studies 2010, 16.2: 251-67.

Akzin, Benjamin. “The role of parties in Israeli democracy.” The Journal of Politics 1955, 17.04: 507-545.

Al-Haj, Majid. “The Status of Palestinians in Israel: A Double Periphery in an Ethno-National State,” in Alan Dowty (ed.) Critical Issues in Israeli Society. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004, 109-126.

Arian, Asher. “Elections 1981: Competitiveness and Polarization.” The Jerusalem Quarterly 1981, 21: 3-27.

Arian, Asher, and Michal Shamir. “Two Reversals in Israeli Politics: Why 1992 Was Not 1997.” Electoral Studies 1993, 12.4: 315-41.

Avruch, Kevin. “Gush Emunim: The ‘Iceberg Model’ of Extremism Reconsidered.” Middle East Review 1988, 21.1: 27-33.

Barak, Aharon. “The Role of the Supreme Court in a Democracy.” Israel Studies 1998, 3.2: 6-29.

Barnett, Michael, “The Politics of Uniqueness: The Status of the Israeli Case,” in Michael Barnett (ed.) Israel in Comparative Perspective: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom. Albany: SUNY Press, 1996, 3-28.

Barzilai, Gad. “Courts as hegemonic institutions: The Israeli Supreme Court in a comparative perspective.” Israel Affairs 1998, 5.2-3: 15-33.

Berrebi, Claude, and Esteban F. Klor. “Are voters sensitive to terrorism? Direct evidence from the Israeli electorate.” American Political Science Review 2008, 102.03: 279-301.

Bick, Etta. “A Clash of Authority: Lay Leaders and Rabbis in the National Religious Party.” Israel Affairs 2007, 13.2: 401-17.

Bick, Etta. “The Shas Phenomenon and Religious Parties in the 1999 Elections.” Israel Affairs 2000, 7.2-3: 55-100.

Chazan, Naomi. “The Knesset.” Israel Affairs 2005, 11.2: 392-416.

Chetrit, Sami Shalom. “Mizrahi Politics in Israel: Between Integration and Alternative.” Journal of Palestine Studies 2000, 29.4: 51-65.

Cohen, Asher. “The Religious Parties in the 2006 Election.” Israel Affairs 2007, 13.2: 325-45.

Dayanim, Behnam. “Israeli Supreme Court and the Deportations of Palestinians: The Interaction of Law and Legitimacy.” Stanford Journal of International Law, 1994, 30: 115.

Diskin, Abraham. “The New Political System of Israel.” Government and Opposition 1999, 34.4: 498-515.

Don-Yehiya, Eliezer. “Conflict Management of Religious Issues: The Israeli Case in a Comparative Perspective,” Israel Affairs, 6.2, 1999, pp. 85-108

Doron, G., and M. Maor. “Barriers to Entry into a Political System: A Theoretical Framework and Empirical Application from the Israeli Experience.” Journal of Theoretical Politics 1991, 3.2: 175-88.

Doron, Gideon. “Right as Opposed to Wrong as Opposed to Left: The Spatial Location of ‘Right Parties’ on the Israeli Political Map.” Israel Studies 2005, 10.3: 29-53.

Dowty, Alan. “Is Israel Democratic? Substance and Semantics in the ‘Ethnic

Democracy Debate.” Israel Studies 4, 2 (1999): 1-15.

Frisch, Hillel. “Stability Amidst Flux: The Arab Parties Come of Age in the 2006 General Elections.” Israel Affairs 2007, 13.2: 368-83.

Gavison, Ruth, “Jewish and Democratic? A Rejoinder to the ‘Ethnic Democracy’ Debate,” Israel Studies, 4,1, 1999: 44-72.

Gorney, Uriel. “American Precedent in the Supreme Court of Israel.” Harvard Law Review 1955, 68.7: 1194-1210.

Gutmann, Emmanuel. “Israel: Democracy Without a Constitution.” In Constitutions in Democratic Politics, edited by Vernon Bogdanor, 290-308. Aldershot, Hants, England: Gower, 1988.

Halpern, Ben. “To Revamp a Party System.” Jerusalem Quarterly 1978: 127-144.

Hazan, Reuven Y. “Executive-Legislative Relations in an Era of Accelerated Reform: Reshaping Government in Israel.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 1997, 22: 329-350.

Hazan, Reuven, “Kadima and the Centre: Convergence in the Israeli Party System.” Israel Affairs, 13.2, 2007; 266-288.

Hazan, Reuven Y. “Party System Change in Israel, 1948-1998: A Conceptual and Theoretical Border-Stretching of Europe?” In Comparing Party System Change, edited by Paul Pennings and Jan-Erik Lane, 151-66. London: Routledge, 1998.

Hazan, Reuven Y., and Gideon Rahat. “Representation, Electoral Reform, and Democracy: Theoretical and Empirical Lessons from the 1996 Elections in Israel.” Comparative Political Studies 2000, 33.10: 1310-336.

Hazan, Reuven Y. “Political Reform and the Committee System in Israel: Structural and Functional Adaptation.” The Journal of Legislative Studies 1998, 4.1: 163-87.

Hazan, Reuven Y. “Presidential-Parliamentarism: Direct Popular Election of the Prime Minister, Israel’s New Electoral and Political System.” Electoral Studies 1996, 15.1: 21-37.

Hermann, Tamar. “Do They Have a Chance? Protest and Political Structure of Opportunities in Israel.” Israel Studies 1996, 1.1: 144-70.

Hofnung, Menachem. “Israeli Constitutional Politics: The Fragility of Impartiality.” Israel Affairs 1998, 5.2-3: 34-54.

Hofnung, Menachem, “The Unintended Consequences of Unplanned Constitutional Reform: Constitutional Politics in Israel,” American Journal of Comparative Law, 44, 1996: 585-604

Horowitz, Dan, and Moshe Lissak. “Israel as a Multi-cleavage Society.” In Trouble in Utopia: The Overburdened Polity of Israel, 32-97. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989.

Imseis, Ardi. “Moderate Torture on Trial: Critical Reflections on the Israeli Supreme Court Judgement concerning the Legality of General Security Service Interrogation Methods.” Berkeley J. Int’l L. 2001, 19: 328.

Inbar, Efraim, and Giora Goldberg. “Is Israel’s Political Elite Becoming More Hawkish?” International Journal 1990, 45.3: 631-660.

Kark, Ruth, and Joseph B. Glass. “The Jews in Eretz‐Israel/Palestine: From Traditional Peripherality to Modern Centrality.” Israel Affairs 1999, 5.4: 73-107.

Lochery, Neill. “No Longer Dominant, Playing for Second: The Israel Labour Party in the 2006 Election.” Israel Affairs 2007, 13.2: 305-24.

Mahler, Gregory, and Richard Trilling. “Coalition Behavior and Cabinet Formation: The Case of Israel.” Comparative Political Studies 1975, 8.2: 200-33.

Maor, Anat. “The Dramatic Growth of Private Legislation in Israel 1992-2003.” Israel Study Forum 2008, 23: 84-103.

Maoz, Zeev, and Anat Shayer. “The cognitive structure of peace and war argumentation: Israeli prime ministers versus the Knesset.” Political Psychology 1987, 8.4: 575-604.

Meydani, A., and S. Mizrahi. “The Relationship Between the Supreme Court and Parliament in Light of the Theory of Moves: The Case of Israel.” Rationality and Society 2010, 22.1: 55-82.

Nachmias, David. “Coalition politics in Israel.” Comparative Political Studies 1974, 7.3: 316-333.

Nachmias, David, and Itai Sened. “Governance and Public Policy.” Israel Affairs 2001, 7.4: 3-20.

Nachmias, David, and Ori Arbel-Ganz. “The Crisis of Governance: Government Instability And the Civil Service.” Israel Affairs 2005, 11.2: 281-302.

Naor, Arye. “Hawks’ Beaks’, Doves’ Feathers: Likud Prime Ministers Between Ideology and Reality.” Israel Studies 2005, 10.3: 154-91.

Peretz, Don, and Gideon Doron. “Sectarian Politics and the Peace Process: The 1999 Israeli Elections.” The Middle East Journal 2000, 54.2: 259-273.

Peretz, Don, and Sammy Smooha. “Israel’s 11th Knesset Election.” The Middle East Journal 1985, 39.1: 86-103.

Peretz, Don, and Sammy Smooha. “Israel’s Tenth Knesset Elections: Ethnic Upsurgence and Decline of Ideology.” The Middle East Journal 1981, 35.4: 506-526.

Rahat, Gideon, and Tamir Sheafer. “The Personalization(s) of politics: Israel, 1949–2003.” Political Communication 2007, 24.1: 65-80.

Rahat, Gideon, and Reuven Y. Hazan. “Israel: The Politics of an Extreme Electoral System.” In The Politics of Electoral Systems, by Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell, 333-51. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 333-351..

Rahat, Gideon. “The Politics of Reform in Israel: How the Israeli Mixed System Came to Be.” In Mixed-member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?, edited by Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg, 123-51. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Rahat, Gideon, and Reuven Hazan. “Representation, Electoral Reform and Democracy: Theoretical and Empirical Lessons from the 1996 Elections in Israel.” Comparative Political Studies 2000, 33.10

Rapoport, Amnon, and Esther Golan. “Assessment of Political Power in the Israeli Knesset.” The American Political Science Review 1985, 79.3: 673-692.

Rekhess, Elie. “The Arab Nationalist Challenge to the Israeli Communist Party (1970-1985).” Studies in Comparative Communism 1989, 22.4. 337-350.

Rubinstein, Aryeh. “Religious-Party Politics in Israel.” Midstream 1976: 27-41.

Michal Shamir and Asher Arian, “Collective Identity and Electoral Competition in Israel,” American Political Science Review, 93.2, 1999: 265-277.

Spyer, Jonathan. “Downfall of a Dominant Party: The Likud and the 2006 Election.” Israel Affairs 2007, 13.2: 289-304.

The Economist Intelligence Unit. “The Dynamics of Democracy in the Middle East.” The Economist Special Report 2005, Special Report: 20-22

Yuval-Davis, Nira. “Front and rear: The sexual division of labor in the Israeli army.” Feminist studies 1985, 11.3: 649-675.