Arabs of Palestine/Israel

Well before their expulsion from the Holy Land by the Romans in 70AD, Jews lived in Hebron, Jerusalem, Tiberias and Safed. So did local Arabs, most of whom came to the area when Muhammad’s successors took Jerusalem and settled there from 636 forward. For centuries, tax farmers and later urban notables controlled most of the scarce cultivable land in the coastal plain and valley regions. The majority Arab population engaged in subsistence agriculture and lived mostly in the central mountain range, stretching from the Galilee in the north through what is present day Nablus, Ramallah, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Hebron into the south.

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