Arabs of Palestine/Israel

Well before their expulsion from the Holy Land by the Romans in 70AD, Jews lived in Hebron, Jerusalem, Tiberias and Safed. So did local Arabs, most of whom came to the area when Muhammad’s successors took Jerusalem and settled there from 636 forward. For centuries, tax farmers and later urban notables controlled most of the scarce cultivable land in the coastal plain and valley regions. The majority Arab population engaged in subsistence agriculture and lived mostly in the central mountain range, stretching from the Galilee in the north through what is present day Nablus, Ramallah, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Hebron into the south. Read more

Books

Adams, Michael. Israel’s Treatment of the Arabs in the Occupied Areas. Public Affairs. New York: Americans for Middle East Understanding, 1977.

Al-Haj, Majid. Education, Empowerment, and Control: The Case of the Arabs in Israel. Israeli Studies. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995.

Amun, Hasan, Adnan Abed Elrazik, Uri Davis, Nasr Dakhlallah, Riyad Amin, and Middle East Research and Action Group. Palestinian Arabs in Israel: Two Case Studies. London: Ithaca Press, 1977.

El-Asmar, Fawzi. To Be an Arab in Israel. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1978.

Bar-Tal, Daniel and Yona Teichman. Stereotypes and Prejudice in Conflict:Representations of Arabs in Israeli Jewish Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Ben-Dor, Gabriel. The Druzes in Israel: A Political Study. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1979.

Cohen, Hillel. Good Arabs: The Israeli Security Agencies and the Israeli Arabs:1948-1967. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.

Cohen, Raʻanan. Strangers In Their Homeland: A Critical Study of Israel’s Arab Citizens. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2009.

Dalal, Marwan, and Rina Rosenberg. October 2000: Law & Politics Before the Or Commission of Inquiry. Shafaamr, Israel: Adalah, the Legal Center for Minority Rights in Israel, 2003.

Elpeleg, Zvi. The Grand Mufti Hajj Amin al-Hussaini. London: Cass, 1993.

Kupferschmidt, Uri. The Supreme Muslim Council: Islam Under the British Mandate, Leiden: Brill Publications, 1987.

Ghanem, As’ad. The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel, 1948-2000. Albany: SUNY Press, 2001.

Gavron, Daniel. The Other Side of Despair: Jews and Arabs in the Promised Land. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004.

Ginat, Joseph. Blood Disputes Among Bedouin and Rural Arabs in Israel: Revenge, Mediation, Outcasting and Family Honor. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1987.

Grossman, David. Sleeping on a Wire: Conversations with Palestinians in Israel. New York: Picador, 2003.

Gurr, Ted Robert. Minorities at Risk: A Global View of Ethnopolitical Conflicts. Herndon: USIP Press, 1997.

Haidar, Aziz. Social Welfare for Israel’s Arab Population. Boulder: Westview Press,1990.

Haklai, Oded. Palestinian Ethnonationalism in Israel. Philadelphia: Penn Press, 2011.

Himadeh, Said B. Economic Organization of Palestine, American University of Beirut, 1938.

Horowitz, DonaldL. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley: Universityof California,1985.

Institute for Palestine Studies. The Arabs Under Israeli Occupation 1980. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1981.

Jiryis, Sabri. The Arabs in Israel. New York and London: Monthly Review Press, 1976.

American Zionist Council. Israel and the Arab States: The Issues in Dispute: Israel’s Frontiers: The Status of Jerusalem: The Arab Refugees. New York: American Zionist Council, 1951.

Kanaaneh, Rhoda Ann. Surrounded: Palestinian Soldiers in the Israeli Military. Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic Societies and Cultures. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Kaufman, Ilana. Arab National Communism in the Jewish State. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997.

Kedourie, Elie, and Sylvia G. Haim, eds. Zionism and Arabism in Palestine and Israel. London: Routledge, 1982.

Kimmerling, Baruch, and Joel S. Migdal. Palestinians: The Making of a People. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Kimmerling, Baruch, Joel S. Migdal, and Baruch Kimmerling. The Palestinian People: A History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003.

Klein, Claude. Israel asa Nation-State and the Problem of the Arab Minority in Search of a States. Tel Aviv: International Center for Peace in the Middle East, 1987.

Kretzmer, David. The Legal Status of the Arabs in Israel. Westview Special Studies on the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press, 1990.

Kupferschmidt, Uri. The Supreme Muslim Council: Islam Under the British Mandate, Leiden: Brill Publications, 1987.

Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Odysseys: Navigating the New International Politics of Diversity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Landau, Jacob M. The Arab Minority in Israel, 1967-1991: Political Aspects. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969, 1993.

Landau, Julian J. Israel and the Arabs: A Handbook of Basic Information. 1st ed. Jerusalem: Israel Communications, 1971.

Lijphart, Arend. Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration. New Haven: Yale UniversityPress, 1997.

Louer, Laurence. To be an Arab in Israel. London: C. Hurst & Co., 2007.

Lustick, Ian. Arabs in the Jewish State: Israel’s Control of a National Minority. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980.

Maalouf, Tony. Arabs in the Shadow of Israel: The Unfolding of God’s Prophetic Plan for Ishmael’s Line. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2003.

Marks, Shannee. Where Is Palestine? The Arabs in Israel. 1st ed. London: Pluto Press, 1984.

Marx, Emmanuel. Bedouin in the Negev. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1967.

Masalha, Nur, ed. The Palestinians in Israel – Is Israel a State of All its Citizens and “Absentees?” Nazareth: Galilee Center for Social Research, 1995.

Mattar, Philip. The Mufti of Jerusalem: al-Hajj Amin Al-Husayni and the Palestinian National Movement (New York: Columbia University Press), 1988.

Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Information Department. The Arabs in Israel. Jerusalem: Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 1961.

Minns, Amina, and Nadia Hijab. Citizens Apart: A Portrait of Palestinians in Israel. 1st ed. Society and Culture in the Middle East. London: I.B. Tauris, 1990.

Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem 1947-1949. London: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. London: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Moshe, Sharon. “Palestine in the Islamic and Ottoman Periods.” In The Palestinians: People, History, Politics, edited by Michael Curtis, Joseph Neyer, and Chaim I. Waxman, 9-20. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1975.

Rouhana, Nadim, Palestinian Citizens in an Ethnic Jewish State. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1997.

Nakhleh, Issa. Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem. New York: Intercontinental Books, 1991.

Owen, Roger (ed.) Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.  London,  Macmillan, 1982.

Pappé, Ilan. The Israel/Palestine Question: A Reader. 2nd ed. Rewriting Histories. London: Routledge, 2007.

Peled, Alisa. Debating Islam in the Jewish State: The Development of Policy toward Islamic Institutions in Israel. Albany: SUNY Press, 2001.

Peleg, Ilan, and Dov Waxman. Israel’s Palestinians: The Conflict Within. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Peteet, Julie Marie. Landscape of Hope and Despair: Palestinian Refugee Camps. The Ethnography of Political Violence. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

Porath, Yehosha. The Emergence of the Palestinian Arab National Movement 1918-1929, London, Cass, 1974.

Porath, Yehoshua. The Palestinian Arab National Movement 1929-1939 from Riots to Rebellion, London, Cass, 1977.

Quigley, John B. The Case for Palestine: An International Law Perspective. Rev Upd ed. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.

Rabinowitz, Dan, and Khawla Abu-Baker. Coffins on Our Shoulders: The Experience of the Palestinian Citizens of Israel. Berkeley: The University of California Press, 2005.

Rekhess, Elie. “The Arabs in Israel and the Intifada.” In The Intifada: Its Impact on Israel, the Arab World, and the Superpowers, edited by Robert Owen. Freedman. Miami: Florida International University Press, 1991.

Regan, Geoffrey. Israel and the Arabs. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1986.

Reiss, Nira. The Health Care of the Arabs in Israel. Westview Special Studies on the Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press, 1991.

Reiter, Yitzhak. National Minority, Regional Majority: Palestinian Arabs Versus Jews in Israel. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2009.

Rosen, Harry M. The Arabs and Jews in Israel; The Reality, The Dilemma, The Promise. Jerusalem: American Jewish Committee, 1970.

Rouhana, Nadim. Palestinian Citizens in an Ethnic Jewish State: Identities and Conflicts. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.

Smith, Barbara. The Roots of Separatism in Palestine British Economic Policy, 1920-1929 Syracuse University Press, 1993.

Smooha, Sammy. Arabs and Jews in Israel Vol. I:Conflicting and Shared Attitudes in a Divided Society. Boulder: Westview Press, 1989.

Smooha, Sammy. Index of Arab-Jewish Relations in Israel 2004. Haifa: University of Haifa, 2005.

Smooha, Sammy, and Ora Cibulski. Social Research on Arabs in Israel, 1948-1977: Trends and an Annotated Bibliography. Ramat Gan: Turtledove Pub., 1978.

Stein, Kenneth W. The Land Question in Palestine, 1917-1939, UNC Press, 1984, 2003.

Weigert, Gideon. Israel’s Arabs at A Turning Point. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1974.

White, Ben. Palestinians in Israel: Segregation, Discrimination and Democracy. London: Pluto Press, 2012.

Yakobson, Alexander, and Amnon Rubinstein. Israel and the Family of Nations: The Jewish Nation-State and Human Rights. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Yiftachel, Oren. Ethnocracy: Land and Identity Politics in Israel/Palestine. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

Zogby, James J. Arabs in the Promised Land: The Emergence of Nationalist Consciousness among the Arabs in Israel. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1975.

Zureik, Elia. The Palestinians in Israel: A Study in Internal Colonialism. London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1979.

Articles

Abboushi, W.F. “Road to Rebellion: Arab Palestine in 1930s.” Journal of Palestine Studies 6, no. 3 (1977): 23-46.

Abramovitch, Z.  “Wartime Development of the Arab Economy in Palestine,” Palestine Yearbook 1 (1944‑1945): 130‑144.

Arnon-Ohanna, Yuval, “The Bands in the Palestinian Arab Revolt, 1936-1939: Structure and Organization,” Asian and African Studies, 15 (198)1: 229-247.

Adams, Frank. “Palestine Agriculture.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 164, no. 1 (1932): 72-83.

Adalah: The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel. “The Democratic Constitution.” (2007): 1-19.

Bishara, Azmi. “Reflections on October 2000: A Landmark in Jewish-Arab Relations in Israel.” Journal of Palestine Studies 30, no. 3 (2001): 54-67.

Bowden, Tom, “Politics of Arab Rebellion in Palestine, 1936-1939,” Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 11, No. 2, May 1975:147-174.

Butrus Abu-Maneh. “The Husaynis: The Rise of a Notable Family in 18th Century Palestine, in David Kushner (ed.) Palestine in Late Ottoman Period, Jerusalem: Yad Ben- Zvi, 1986: 93-108.

Casson, Lionel. “The Administration of Byzantine and Early Arab Palestine.” Aegyptus 32, no. 1, RACCOLTA DI SCRITTI IN ONORE DI GIROLAMO VITELLI II (January 01, 1952): 54-60.

Cherry, Robert. “Increased Constructive Engagement Among Israeli Arabs: The Impact of Government Economic Initiatives,” Israel Studies, 19:1 (Spring 2014); 75-97.

Chizik, I., “The Political Parties of Palestine: Arabs and Jews,” Royal Central Asian Society Journal, Vol. 21, 1934: 94-129.

Doumani, Beshara B. “Rediscovering Ottoman Palestine: Writing Palestinians into History.” Journal of Palestine Studies 21, no. 2 (1992): 5-28.

Dowty, Alan.“Consociationalism and Ethnic Democracy: Israeli Arabs in Comparative Perspective,” Israel Affairs 5, no.2 & 3 (Winter-Spring 1999): 169-182.

Dowty, Alan. “Is Israel Democratic? Substance and Semantics in the ‘Ethnic Democracy’ Debate.” Israel Studies vol. 4, no. 2 (1999): 1-15.

El Taji, Maha.”Arab Local Councils in Israel: The Democratic State and the Hamula.”In Local Government Reforms in Countries in Transition: A Global Perspective, edited by Fred Lazin, Matt Evans, Vincent Hoffmann-Martinot, and Hellmut Wollman. Lanham: Lexington Books (2007)253-269.

Esman, Milton and Itamar Rabinovich, “The Study of Ethnic Politics in the Middle East.” In Esman, Milton and Itamar Rabinovich (eds.), Ethnicity, Pluralism and State in the Middle East. Ithaca: Cornell University Press (1988):3-24.

Firro, Kais. “Reshaping Druze Particularism in Israel.”Journal of Palestine Studies 30, no. 3 (2001): 40-53.

Frisch, Hillel, “Ethnicity or Nationalism? Comparing the Nakba Narrative among Israeli Arabs and Palestinians – The West Bank and Gaza.” Israel Affairs 9, no. 1-2 (2003): 165-188.

Frisch, Hillel. “Israel and its Arab Citizens.” Israel Affairs 11, no. 1 (2005): 207-222.

Gavison, Ruth,“Jewish and Democratic? A Rejoinder to the ‘Ethnic Democracy’ Debate.”Israel Studies 4, no. 1 (1999): 44-58.

Ghanem, As’ad, “The Limits of Parliamentary Politics: The Arab Minority in Israel and the 1992 and 1996 Elections,”Israel Affairs 2, No. 2, (Winter 1997): 72-93.

Ghanem, As’ad and Muhannad Mustafa. “The Palestinians in Israel and the 2006 Knesset Elections: Political and Ideological Implications of Election Boycott.”Holy Land Studies 6, no. 1 (2007): 51-73.

Ghanem, As’ad, Nadim Rouhana and Oren Yiftachel,“Questioning ‘Ethnic Democracy’: a Response to Sammy Smooha.”Israel Studies 3, No. 2 (Fall 1998): 253-267.

Goldscheider, Calvin, “The Arab-Israelis: Demography, Dependency and Distinctiveness.” Asian and African Studies 27, (March-July 1993): 67-84.

Graham-Brown, Sarah. “The Political Economy of Jabal Nablus, 1920-1948,” in Roger Owen (ed.) Studies in Economic and Sociological History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries,1982:88-176.

Halabi, Yakub. “Democracy Clan Politics and Weak Governance: The Case of the Arab Municipalities in Israel,” Israel Studies, 19:1 (Spring 2014): 98-125.

Halkin, Hillel. “The Jewish State and its Arabs.”Commentary 30, no. 127(2009): 30-37.

Havel, Boris  “Hajj Amin Husseini’s Anti-Semitic Legacy,”  The  Middle East Quarterly,  Vol 22, No. 3, (Summer) 2015: 1-11. http://www.meforum.org/5318/hajj-amin-antisemitism

Herzog, Hanna, and Yahia-Younis Taghreed. “Men’s Bargaining with Patriarchy: The Case of Primaries within Hamulas in Palestinian Arab Communities in Israel.” Gender and Society 21, (August 2007): 579-602.

Hofman, John E. “Readiness for Social Relations between Arabs and Jews in Israel.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 16, no. 2 (1972): 241-50.

Jamal, Amal.“I kno: The Labyrinth of Arab Politics in Israel.”In The Elections in Israel–2001, edited by Arian, Asher and Michal Shamir. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute (2002): 55-103.

Jamal, Amal. “Nationalizing States and the Constitution of ‘Hollow Citizenship:’Israel and its Palestinian Citizens.” Ethnopolitics 6, no. 4 (2007): 471-493.

Jamal, Amal. “Strategies of Minority Struggle for Equality in Ethnic States: Arab Politics in Israel.” Citizenship Studies 11, no. 3 (2007): 263-282.

Jiryis, Sabri, “The Legal Structure for the Expropriation and Absorption of Arab Lands in Israel.” Journal of Palestine Studies 2, No.4, (1973): 82-104.

Katz, Yossi. “Status and Rights of the Arab Minority in the Nascent Jewish State.” Middle Eastern Studies 33, no. 3 (1997): 535-69.

Kedourie, Elie.“Ethnicity, Majority and Minority in the Middle East.” In Ethnicity, Pluralism and the State in the Middle East, edited by Esman and Rabinovich, Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press (1988): 26-38.

Khalaf,  Isa. “The Effect of Socioeconomic Change on Arab Societal Collapse in Mandate Palestine,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, February 1997, 29, No. 1: 93-112.

Kupferschmidt, Uri M. “Note on Muslim Religious Hierarchy Towards End of Ottoman Period.” In David Kushner (ed.), Palestine in Late Ottoman Period, Jerusalem: Yad Ben- Zvi, 1986, 123:129.

Layish, Aharon, “The Status of the Sharìa in a Non-Muslim State – The Case of Israel.” Asian and African Studies 27, (1993): 171-187.

Lehman-Wilzig, Sam,“Copying the Master? Patterns of Israeli-Arab Protest, 1950-1990.” Asian and African Studies 27, no.1-2 (1993): 129-147.

Litvak, Meir. “A Palestinian Past: National Construction and Reconstruction.” History and Memory, 6:2, Fall/Winter 1994: 24-56.

Lockman, Zachary. “Railway Workers and Relational History: Arabs and Jews in British Mandate-Ruled Palestine.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 1993, 35, no. 3: 601-627.

Lowrance, S. “Identity, Grievances, and Political Action: Recent Evidence from the Palestinian Community in Israel.” International Political Science Review 27, no. 2 (2006): 167-90.

Mattar, Philip. “The Mufti of Jerusalem and the Politics of Palestine,” Middle East Journal 42:2 (Spring 1988): 227-240.

Mazawi, Andre E. “University Education, Credentialism and Social Stratification among Palestinian Arabs in Israel.” Higher Education 29, no. 4 (1995): 351-68.

Monroe, Elizabeth. “The Arab-Israel Frontier.” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) 29, no. 4 (1953): 439-48.

Nakhleh, Khalil. “Anthropological and Sociological Studies on the Arabs in Israel: A Critique.” Journal of Palestine Studies 6, no. 4 (1977): 41-70.

Nashif, Taysir. “Palestinian Arab and Jewish Leadership in the Mandate Period,” Journal of Palestine Studies 6 (1977): 113-121.

Neuberger, Binyamin, “Trends in the Political Organization of the Arabs in Israel.” In Arab Politics in Israel at a Crossroad, edited by Elie Rekhess. Tel-Aviv: (1996): 27-40.

Nevo, Joseph. “The Palestine Arab Party, 1944-1946.” Asian and African Studies, 14, 1980: 99-115.

Nevo, Joseph. “The Renewal of Palestinian Political Activity 1943-1945.” In Gabriel Ben-Dor (editor), The Palestinians and the Conflict: 59-70.

Okun, Barbara S., and Dov Friedlander. “Educational Stratification among Arabs and Jews in Israel: Historical Disadvantage, Discrimination, and Opportunity.” Population Studies 59, no. 2 (2005): 163-80.

Olmert, Ehud. “PM Olmert’s Speech.” Prime Minister’s Conference for the Minority Sector, (July 10, 2008).

Payes, Shany.“Palestinian NGOs in Israel: A Campaign for Civic Equality in a Non-Civic State.” Israel Studies 8, no. 1 (2003): 60-90.

Peleg, Ilan. “Jewish-Palestinian Relations in Israel: From Hegemony to Equality?” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 17, no. 3 (2003): 415-37.

Peled, Yoav. “Ethnic Democracy and the Legal Construction of Citizenship: Arab Citizens of the Jewish State.” The American Political Science Review 86, no.1 (1992): 432-443.

Peres, Yochanan.“Modernization and Nationalism in the Identity of the Israeli Arabs.” The Middle East Journal 24, no .4 (1970): 479-492.

Peres, Yochanan and Nira Yuval-Davis,“Some Observations on the National Identity of the Israeli Arabs.” Human Relations 22, no. 3, (1969): 219-233.

Peretz, Don. “Early State Policy Toward the Arab-Population, 1948-1955.” In Laurence Silberstein, ed. New Perspectives on Israeli History: The Early Years of the State. New York: New York University Press, 1991, 82-102.

Porath, Yehoshua. “Al-Hajj Amin Al-Husayni, Mufti of Jerusalem: His Rise to Power and the Consolidation of His Position.” Asian and African Studies 7 (1971): 121-56.

Porath, Yehoshua. “Social Aspects of the Emergence of the Palestinian Arab National Movement.” In Menachem Milson (ed.) Society and Political Structure in the Arab World, Jerusalem, Van Leer Foundation, 1973: 93-144.

Porath, Yehoshua,  “The Palestinian-Arab Nationalist Movement,” in Palestinian Arab Nationalism, (London: Cass, 1975), pp. 121-127.

Razin, Eran, and Anna Hazan. “Municipal Boundary Conflicts Between Jewish and Arab Local Authorities in Israel: Geography of Administration or Geopolitics?” Geografiska Annaler, Series B, Human Geography, 86, no. 2 (2004): 79-94.

Rekhess, Eli. Arab Politics in Israel at a Crossroads: Papers and Panel Discussion Based on the Proceedings of a Conference Held at Tel Aviv University, 30-31 October 1994. Tel Aviv: Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv Univ., 1996.

Rekhess, Eli. “The Arabs of Israel After Oslo: Localization of the National Struggle.” Israel Studies 7, no. 3 (2002): 1-44.

Rekhess, Elie. “The Evolvement of an Arab-Palestinian National Minority in Israel.” Israel Studies 12, no. 3 (2007): 1-28.

Rekhess, Eli. “Government Resolutions Passed in Recent Years Regarding the Arab Population of Israel.” The Abraham Fund Initiatives. (November 04, 2005).

Rekhess, Eli. “In the Shadow of National Conflict: Inter-Group Attitudes and Images of Arab and Jews in Israel.” Tri Quarterly 131,I (Winter 2007): 206-236.

Rekhess, Eli.“Initial Israeli Policy Guideline toward the Arab Minority, 1948-1949.” In Laurence Silberstein (ed.), New Perspectives in Israeli History. New-York: NYU Press, 103-123.

Rekhess, Eli. “Islamism across the Green Line”, The Washington Institute, Research Memorandum 39, (August 1997): 1-23.

Rekhess, Eli.“Israel’s Arab Minority and the Elections for the Seventeenth Knesset: The Beginning of a New Era?” In The Elections in Israel 2006, edited by Asher Arian and Michal Shamir. 159-188.

Rekhess, Eli, “Israeli Arabs and the Arabs of the West Bank and Gaza: Political Affinity and National Solidarity.” Asian and African Studies 23, no. 2 and 3 (November 1989): 119-154.

Rekhess, Elie. “The Arab Minority in Israel: Reconsidering the ‘1948 Paradigm’.” Israel Studies 19, no. 2 (2014): 187-217.

Rosenfeld, Henry. “From Peasantry to Wage Labor and Residual Peasantry: The Transformation of an Arab Village.” Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East 2, (1970): 143-168.

Rouhana, Nadim, “Accentuated Identities in Protracted Conflict: The Collective Identity of the Palestinian Citizens in Israel.” Asian and African Studies 27, (1993): 97-127.

Rouhana, Nadim. “The Political Transformation of the Palestinians in Israel: From Acquiescence to Challenge.” Journal of Palestine Studies 18, no. 3 (1989): 38-59.

Rouhana, Nadim, and As’ad Ghanem. “The Crisis of Minorities in Ethnic States: The Case of Palestinian Citizens in Israel.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 30, no. 3 (1998): 321-346.

Rouhana, Nadim, Nabil Saleh and Nimer Sultany, “Voting without Voice: About the Vote of the Palestinian Minority in the 16th Knesset Elections.” In The Elections in Israel – 2003, edited by Arian, Asher and Michal Shamir. New Brunswick: Transaction, 2005, 215-244.

Rudnitzky, Arik. “The Contemporary Historiographical Debate In Israel on Government Policies on Arabs in Israel During the Military Administration Period,” Israel Studies, 19:1 (Spring 2014): 24-47.

Sa’di, Ahmad H., “Catastrophe, Memory and Identity: Al-Nakbah as a Component of Palestinian identity.” Israel Studies 7, no. 2 (2002): 175-198.

Sahliyeh, Emile. “The PLO and the Israeli Arabs.” Asian and African Studies vol. 27, no. 1-2, (March-July1993): 84-96.

Schölch, Alexander. “The Economic Development of Palestine, 1856-1882, Journal of Palestine Studies, Spring 1981, Vol 10:35-59.

Schölch, Alexander.“European Penetra­tion and the Economic Development of Pal­estine, 1856–1882,” in Roger Owen (ed.) Studies in Economic and Sociological History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Oxford, 1982: 10-87.

Shlaim, Avi. “The Rise and Fall of the All-Palestine Government in Gaza.” Journal of Palestine Studies 20, no. 1 (1990): 37-53.

Smooha, Sammy. “Existing and Alternative Policy towards the Arabs in Israel.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 5, no.1 (January 1982): 71-98.

Smooha, Sammy, “The Model of Ethnic Democracy: Israel as a Jewish and Democratic State.” Nations and Nationalism 8, no.4 (2002): 475-503.

State of Israel, PM office, Central Bureau of Statistics, “The Arab population in Israel.” Statistilite 102 (2008): 1-8.

Stein, Kenneth W. “The Intifada and the Uprisings of 1936-1939: A Comparison of the Palestinian Arab Communities,” in Robert O. Freedman (ed).  The Intifada: Its Impact on Israel, the Arab World and the Superpowers, Florida International University Press, 1991:3-36.

Stein, Kenneth, “One Hundred Years of Social Change: The Creation of the Palestinian Refugee Problem.” In New Perspectives on Israeli History: The Early Years of the State, by Laurence Silberstein, 57-81. New York University Press, 1991.

Stein, Kenneth, “Palestine’s Rural Economy.” Studies in Zionism 8, no. 1 (1987): 25-49.

Stein, Kenneth, “Rural Change and Peasant Destitution: Contributing Causes to the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936-1939,” John Waterbury and Farhad Kazemi (eds.)Peasants and Politics in the Modern Middle East, Florida International University Press. 1989, 143-170.

Stein, Kenneth W. “What if the Palestinian Arab Elite Had Chosen Compromise Rather than Boycott in Confronting Zionism?” in Gavriel D. Rosenfeld (ed.) What ifs of Jewish History, Cambridge University Press, 2016, pp. 215-237.

Suleiman, Michael W. “Attitudes of the Arab Elite Toward Palestine and Israel.” The American Political Science Review 67, no. 2 (1973): 482-89.

Sussman, Zvi.  “The Determination of Wages for Unskilled Labor in the Advance Sector Of the Dual Economy of Mandatory Palestine,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, (October 1973): 95‑111.

Susser, Asher. “Partition and the Arab Palestinian Minority in Israel.” Israel Studies 14, no. 2 (2009): 105-19.

Tal, David. “The Forgotten War: Jewish‐Palestinian Strife in Mandatory Palestine, December 1947‐May 1948.” Israel Affairs 6, no. 3-4 (2000): 3-21.

Tamari, Salim. “Factionalism and Class Formation in Recent Palestinian His­tory,” in Roger Owen (ed.) Studies in Economic and Sociological History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Oxford, 1982: 177-201.

Tessler, Mark. “Israel’s Arab Citizens: The Continuing Struggle.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 555, Israel in Transition (January 01, 1998): 97-113.

Teveth, Shabtai. “Charging Israel with Original Sin.” Commentary, 88, September 1989:24-33.

Teveth, Shabtai. “The Palestine Arab Refugee Problem and its Origin.” Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 26, No. 2, April 1990: 214-249.

Yiftachel, Oren. “Between Nation and State: `fractured’ Regionalism among Palestinian-Arabs in Israel.” Political Geography 18, no. 3 (1999): 285-307.

Wakim, W. “The ‘Internally Displaced’: Seeking Return within One’s Own Land.” Journal of Palestine Studies 31, no. 1 (2001): 32-38.