Negotiations with Arabs

From the early 19th century, Zionists and then Israelis negotiated with Arabs in Palestine and then with Arab neighbors. Some were direct and discrete negotiations and others mediated by a third party. Our listing of materials is of course only selective and not meant to be comprehensive. The articles chosen are available online; many more exist that require access to archives, libraries, and individual journals.

Ajami, Fouad. The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice Since 1967. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Al-Madfai, Madiha Rashid. Jordan, the United States and the Middle East Peace Process 1974-1991.Cambridge, 1993.

Bar-Siman,Tov. The Israeli-Egyptian War of Attrition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.

Baskin, Gershon and Zakaria Qaq. The Future of the Israeli Settlements in Final Status Negotiations: A Policy Paper Featuring Recommendations for Negotiations in the Final Status Talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Jerusalem: IPCRI, 1997.

Bass, Peter Evan. “The Anti-Politics of Presidential leadership: Jimmy Carter and American Jews,” The Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, April 12, 1985 with permission from Princeton University Library, permission to cite the thesis

Behrendt, Sven. The Secret Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations in Oslo: Their Success and Why the Process Ultimately Failed. London: Routledge, 2007.

Beilin, Yossi. Touching Peace: From the Oslo Accord to a Final Agreement. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999.

Ben-Zvi, Abraham. Between Lausanne and Geneva: International Conferences and the Arab-Israel Conflict. Boulder: Westview Press, 1989.

Brumberg, Daniel “The Carter Administration and the Logic of Comprehensive Peace – A Study of How Middle East Policy Became a Presidential Concern and the Limits of a Globalist Foreign Policy,” Partial Fulfillment for MA Degree in Political Science The University of Chicago, Spring 1982, (with the author’s permission to make available to the general public),

Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum. The Carter Center and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, September 17, 2003.

Caplan, Neil. Futile Diplomacy – A History of Arab-Israeli Negotiations, 1913-56, four volumes, London, Frank Cass Publishers, 1983, 1987, 1997 and 1997.

Caplan, Neil. The Lausanne Conference, 1949. Tel Aviv University: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, 1993.

Dayan, Moshe. Breakthrough: A Personal Account of the Egypt-Israel Peace Negotiations. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Dodd, C. H. And M. E. Sales. Volume 5: Israel And the Arab World. Oxon: Routledge, 2015.

Eisenberg, Laura Zittrain and Neil Caplan.  Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace Patterns. Problems, Possibilities. Indiana University Press, Second Edition, 2010.

Feste, Karen A. Plans for Peace: Negotiation and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Flamhaft, Ziva. Israel on the Road to Peace: Accepting the Unacceptable. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996.

Freedman, Robert Owen. Israel under Rabin. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995.

Freedman, Robert O. Soviet Policy Toward the Middle East Since 1970. New York: Praeger, 1978.

Gazit, Mordechai. Israeli Diplomacy and the Quest for Peace. London: Frank Cass, 2002.

Gazit, Mordechai. The Peace Process 1969-1973: Efforts and Contacts. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 1983.

Ghaddar Hanin, “Reinforcing U.S. Diplomacy to Stop a Hezbollah-Israel War,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2024 (with permission)

Golan, Galia, and Gilead Sher, editors. Spoiling and Coping with Spoilers: Israeli-Arab Negotiations. Indiana University Press, 2019.

Haber, Eitan, Zeev Schiff, and Ehud Yaari. The Year of the Dove. New York: Bantam Books, 1979.

Hajjar, Lisa. Courting Conflict: The Israeli Military Court System in the West Bank and Gaza. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

Harkabi, Yehoshafat. Arab Attitudes to Israel. Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House, 1972.

Harkabi, Yehoshafat. The Arab-Israeli Conflict on the Threshold of Negotiations. Princeton, NJ: Center of International Studies, Princeton University, 1992.

Harkabi, Yehoshafat. Arab Strategies and Israel’s Responses. New York: Free Press, 1977.

Haykal, Muhammad Hasanayn. Secret Channels: The Inside Story of Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations. London: HarperCollins, 1996.

Israel State Archives, “The Cairo Agreement: Israel’s negotiations with the PLO, October  1993 – May 1994,” with documents from MFA, March 2020.

Israel State Archives, “The Road to Oslo: The Secret Negotiations Between Israel and the PLO, January- September 1993,”  December 2022, introduction Louise Fischer, with documents and bibliography.

Kaye, Dalia Dassa, Alireza Nader, and Parisa Roshan. Israel and Iran: A Dangerous Rivalry. Santa Monica, CA: RAND National Defense Research Institute, 2011.

Kimche, David. The Last Option After Nasser, Arafat & Saddam Hussein: The Quest for Peace in the Middle East. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1991.

King, John. Handshake in Washington: The Beginning of Middle East Peace? Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 1994.

Klein, Menachem. Jerusalem: The Contested City. New York: New York University Press in Association with the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2001.

Korn, David. Stalemate: The War of Attrition and Great Power Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1967-1970. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992.

Laqueur, Walter and Dan Schueftan. Eighth Revised and Updated Edition: The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict. New York: Penguin Books, 2016.
Meital, Yoram. Egypt’s Struggle for Peace. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997.

Morris, Benny. One State, Two States: Resolving the Israel/Palestine Conflict. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.

Mutawi, Samir A. Jordan in the 1967 War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Quandt, William B. Camp David: Peacemaking and Politics. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1986.

Quandt, William B. Decade of Decisions: American Policy Toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-1976. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Quandt, William B. (ed.). The Middle East: Ten Years After Camp David. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1988.

Quandt, William B. Peace Process, American Diplomacy, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 2001

Qurayʻ, Ahmad. Beyond Oslo, the Struggle for Palestine: Inside the Middle East Peace Process from Rabin’s Death to Camp David. London: I.B. Tauris, 2008.

Rabinovich, Itamar. The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Rabinovich, Itamar and Haim Shaked. From June to October, The Middle East Between 1967 and 1973. New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1978.

Rabinovich, Itamar.  The Lingering Conflict: Israel, The Arabs, and the Middle East 1948–2012. 2nd ed., Brookings Institution Press, 2013.

Rabinovich, Itamar. The Road Not Taken: Early Arab-Israeli Negotiations. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

The Rand Corporation, The Costs of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, June 2015.

Saunders, Harold. The Other Walls: The Arab-Israeli Peace Process in a Global Perspective. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Safran, Nadav. From War to War: The Arab-Israeli Confrontation 1948-1967. New York: Pegasus, 1969.

Sheehan, Edward R. F. The Arabs, Israelis, and Kissinger: A Secret History of American Diplomacy in the Middle East. New York: Reader’s Digest Press, 1976.

Sher, Gilead. The Israeli-Palestinian Peace Negotiations, 1999-2001: Within Reach. London: Routledge, 2006.

Shlaim, Avi. Collusion Across the Jordan King Abdullah, The Zionist Movement and the Partition of Palestine. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

Shlaim, Avi. The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2014.

Sicherman, Harvey. Palestinian Autonomy, Self-Government, & Peace. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.

Spiegel, Steven L. The Other Arab-Israeli Conflict: Making America’s Middle East Policy, from Truman to Reagan. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Stein, Kenneth,  “Camp David and the Pursuit of Peace: Comparing the Camp David Summits (1978 and 2002), Middle East Insight, September-October 2000, pp. 5-18.

Stein, Kenneth W. Egyptian-Israeli Negotiations’ Documents Reader: 1973-1979, Center for Israel Education, Atlanta, 2019

Stein, Kenneth W. Heroic Diplomacy: Sadat, Kissinger, Carter, Begin and the Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Stein, Kenneth W. and Samuel W. Lewis. Making Peace Among Arabs and Israelis: Lessons from Fifty Years of Negotiating Experience. Washington, DC: The United States Institute of Peace, 1991. (Hebrew version published by the Moshe Dayan Center for the Study of the Middle East and Africa at Tel Aviv University, 1993.)

Stjernfelt, Bertil. The Sinai Peace Front: UN Peacekeeping Operations in the Middle East, 1973-1980. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992.

Susser, Asher. Double Jeopardy: PLO Strategy Toward Israel and Jordan. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Papers 8, 1987.

Susser, Asher. Israel, Jordan and Palestine: The Two State Solution, Brandeis University, 2011.

Susser, Asher. In Through the Out Door: Jordan’s Disengagement and the Middle East Peace Process. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Policy Papers 19, 1990.

Telhami, Shibley. Power and Leadership in International Bargaining: The Path to the Camp David Accords. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.

Touval, Saadia. The Peace Brokers, Mediators in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1948-1979. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Toward Peace in the Middle East, Report of a Study Group. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1975.

Twite, Robin and Tamar Hermann. The Arab-Israeli Negotiations: Political Positions and Conceptual Framework. Tel Aviv: Papyrus, 1993.

UN Security Council Resolution 242: The Building Block of Peacemaking. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1993.

The Wilson Center, “Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum,” Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington DC, September 17, 2003,

Wittes, Tamara Cofman. How Israelis and Palestinians Negotiate: A Cross-cultural Analysis of the Oslo Peace Process. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2005.

Yahya, Adel H. The Future of the Palestinian Refugee Issue in Final Status Negotiations: Palestinian Refugees, Their Past, Present and Future: A Policy Paper Featuring Recommendations for Negotiations in the Final Status Talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Jerusalem: IPCRI, 1998.

Yassine-Hamdan, Nahla and Frederic S Pearson. Arab Approaches to Conflict Resolution: Mediation, Negotiation and Settlement of Political Disputes. London: Routledge, 2014.

Abu Odeh, Adnan. “Religious Inclusion, Political Inclusion: Jerusalem as an Undivided Capital.” Catholic University of America Law Review 45:3 (Spring 1996): 687-97.

Avineri, Shlomo. “Peacemaking: The Arab-Israeli Conflict.” Foreign Affairs 57:1 (Fall 1978): 51-69.

Avineri, Shlomo. “What If Sadat Had Come to Jerusalem Under a Labor Government? 1977.” in Nelson W. Polsby (ed.). What If? Explorations in Social-Science Fiction (1982): 188-200.

Baker Institute, “Twenty Years After Madrid  Lessons Learned and the Way Forward for Arab-Israeli Peacemaking,”  February 2012,

Bannerman, M. Graeme. “Arabs and Israelis: Slow Walk Toward Peace.” Foreign Affairs 72:1 (1993): 142-57.

Barak, E. “The Freedom That Never Was: Israel’s Freedom of Overflight Over the Straits of Tiran Prior to the Six Day War.” Journal of Contemporary History 43:1 (2008): 75-91.

Barak, Oren. “Ambiguity and Conflict in Israeli-Lebanese Relations.” Israel Studies, 15:3 (2010): 163–188.

Bar-Siman-Tov, Y. “The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Learning Conflict Resolution.” Journal of Peace Research 31:1 (1994): 75-92.

Bar-Tal, D. “The Rocky Road Toward Peace: Beliefs on Conflict in Israeli Textbooks.” Journal of Peace Research 35:6 (1998): 723-42.

Bass, Peter. “The Critical Issues: An Interview with Former President Jimmy Carter,” The Collegiate Review, 6:1 (Spring 1985), Interview on 22 October 1984.

Bell, Coral. “The October Middle East War: A Case Study in Crisis Management During Détente.” International Affairs 50 (October 1974): 531-43.

Ben-Meir, Alon. “Reconciling Israel’s Core Requirements for Peace with the Arab Initiative.” The RUSI Journal 153:4 (2008): 40-5.

Ben-Yehuda, H. and S. Sandler. “Crisis Magnitude and Interstate Conflict: Changes in the Arab-Israel Dispute.” Journal of Peace Research 35:1 (1998): 83-109.

Ben-Yehuda, H. and S. Sandler. “Magnitude and Endurance in Interstate and Ethnic-State Crises: The Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1947-2000.” Journal of Peace Research 40:3 (2003): 271-85.

Blechman, B. M. “The Impact of Israel’s Reprisals on Behavior of the Bordering Arab Nations Directed at Israel.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 16:2 (1972): 155-81.

Bruzonsky, Mark A. “Interview with Mohamad Ibrahim Kamel.” The Middle East Journal 38 (Winter 1984): 85-98.

“Camp David Negotiations,” in Jimmy Carter: Foreign Policy and Post-Presidential Years, Herbert D. Rosenbaum and Alexej Ugrinsky (eds.) Hofstra University Conference, Greenwood Press, 1994, pp. 149–187.

Caplan, Neil. “Arab-Jewish Contacts in Palestine After the First World War.” Journal of Contemporary History 12 (1977): 635-68.

Caplan, Neil. “Arab-Jewish Relations in Palestine, 1917-1947.” Middle East Focus 13:4 (Winter 1991): 2-8.

Caplan, Neil. “Negotiation and the Arab-Israeli Conflict.” The Jerusalem Quarterly 6 (Winter 1978): 3-19.

Caplan, Neil. “A Tale of Two Cities: The Rhodes and Lausanne Conferences, 1949.” Journal of Palestine Studies XXI, 3 (Spring 1992): 5-34.

Cohen, Michael J. “Secret Diplomacy and Rebellion in Palestine, 1936-1939.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 8 (July 1977): 379-404.

Cohen, S. P. and E. E. Azar. “From War to Peace: The Transition between Egypt and Israel.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 25:1 (1981): 87-114.

Dishon, Daniel. “The Web of Inter-Arab Relations.” The Jerusalem Quarterly 2 (Winter 1977): 45-59.

Documents and Personalities of the 1936-1939 Riots – From the Archives of the Arab Militias/Gangs, Palmach Information Center, 1944, Pamphlet collection, Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem,

Draper, Theodore. “The Road to Geneva.” Commentary 57 (February 1974): 23-39.

Eisenberg, Laura Zittrain. “Desperate Diplomacy: The Zionist-Maronite Treaty of 1946.” Studies in Zionism 13:2 (1992): 147-63.

Elaykim Rubinstein, “The Players of Camp David – An insider Israeli view on the personalities and ideas that drove the history-making Camp David Accords,” Cairo Review, Winter 2019.

Fischer, Louise. “Turning Point on the Road to Peace: The Government of Yitzhak Rabin and the Interim Agreement with Egypt (Sinai II),” Israel Studies, 19:3 (Fall 2014): 55-80.

Gazit, Mordechai. “Egypt and Israel – Was There a Peace Opportunity Missed in 1971?” Journal of Contemporary History 32:1 (1997): 97-115.

Gazit, M. “The Israel-Jordan Peace Negotiations (1949-51): King Abdallah’s Lonely Effort.” Journal of Contemporary History 23:3 (1988): 409-24.

Gazit, Mordechai. “Mediation and Mediators.” Jerusalem Journal of International Relations 5:4 (1981): 80-104.

Gazit, M. “Peacemakers – Mediation in the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” in Negotiations in the Middle East: The Lessons of Fifty Years. Israel: The Dayan Center, Tel Aviv University (1993): 91-117.

Gazit, S. “Israel and the Palestinians: Fifty Years of Wars and Turning Points.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 555:1 (1998): 82-96.

Gerson, Allan. “Trustee-Occupant.” The Harvard International Law Journal 14:1 (Winter 1973): 1-49.

Golan, Galia. “The Israeli Peace Camp.” Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 43:3 (2020): 75–89.

Goldenberg, Ilan. Lessons from the 2013-2014 Israeli-Palestinian Final Status Negotiations. Center for a New American Security, 2015.

Goverin, Joseph. “The Six Day War in the Mirror of Soviet-Israeli Relations – April-June 1967.” Research Paper No. 61, The Soviet and East European Research Centre, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (December 1985).

Guzansky, Yoel. “Israel and the Arab Gulf states: from tacit cooperation to reconciliation?” Israel Affairs 21:1 (2015:) 131-147.

Handel, Michael I. “The Yom Kippur War and the Inevitability of Surprise.” International Studies Quarterly 21 (September 1977): 461-502.

Heikal, Mohammed. “Egyptian Foreign Policy.” Foreign Affairs 56 (July 1978): 714-27.

Hinnebusch, Raymond A. “Does Syria Want Peace? Syrian Policy in the Syrian-Israeli Peace Negotiations.” Journal of Palestine Studies 26:1 (1996): 42-57.

Hunter, Robert E. “In the Middle of the Middle East.” Foreign Affairs Quarterly 49 (Winter 1971): 137-50.

Hurewitz, Jacob C. “The Israeli-Syrian Crisis in the Light of the Arab-Israel Armistice System.” International Organization 5:3 (1951): 459.

Inbar, Efraim. “Great Power Mediation: The USA and the May 1983 Israeli-Lebanese Agreement.” Journal of Peace Research 28:1 (1991): 71-84.

Inbar, Efraim. “Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli National Security.” BESA Security and Policy Studies 25, Ramat-Gan, Israel, Bar-Ilan University, January 1996.

Indyk, Martin. “Detente and the Politics of Patronage: How the October Middle East War Started.” Australian Outlook 30 (August 1976): 171-96.

Indyk, Martin. “To the Ends of the Earth – Sadat’s Jerusalem Initiative.” Middle East Papers, Modern Series 1, Cambridge: Harvard University, Center for Middle Eastern Studies (1984).

Israelyan, Victor. “The October 1973 War: Kissinger in Moscow.” Middle East Journal (Spring 1995): 248-68.

Karolyi, Paul. “Update on Conflict and Diplomacy: 16 February–15 May 2015.” Journal of Palestine Studies, 44:4 (2015): 153–193.

Kelman, H. C. “Creating the Conditions for Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 26:1 (1982): 39-75.

Kelman, Herbert C. “Overcoming the Barriers to Negotiation of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.” Journal of Palestine Studies 16:1 (1986): 13-28.

Kimche, David. “Annapolis: Will it Bear Fruit?” Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs 2:1 (2008): 7-12.

Klieman, Aharon. “Annapolis: Does it Bear Scrutiny?” Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs 2:1 (2008): 13-21.

Klein, Menachem. “A Review of Itamar Rabinovich, ‘Waging Peace: Israel and the Arabs 1948–2003’.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 12:1 (2006): 124-27.

Knott, Jack and Aaron Wildavsky. “Jimmy Carter’s Theory of Governing.” Woodrow Wilson Quarterly 1 (Winter 1977): 49-65.

Korn, David A. “The Making of United Nations Security Council Resolution 242.” Pew Cast Studies in International Affairs, Case 450, Washington, DC: Georgetown University (1992).

Kurtzer, Daniel C. “The Ingredients of Palestinian-Israeli Peacemaking.” Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 43:3 (2020): 5–16.

Lefkowitz, Daniel. “Negotiated and Mediated Meanings: Ethnicity and Politics in Israeli Newspapers.” Anthropological Quarterly 74:4 (2001): 179-89.

Lipset, Seymour and William Schneider. “Carter vs. Israel: What the Polls Revealed.” Commentary 64 (November 1977): 21-9.

Lowrance, S. “Identity, Grievances, and Political Action: Recent Evidence from the Palestinian Community in Israel.” International Political Science Review/Revue Internationale De Science Politique 27:2 (2006): 167-90.

Luttwak, Edward N. and Walter Laqueur. “Kissinger and the Yom Kippur War.” Commentary 58 (September 1974): 33-40.

Maddy-Weizmann, Bruce. “Arabs vs. Abdullah Plan.” The Middle East Quarterly 17:3 Summer 2010.

Makovsky, David, An Inside Look at Rabin’s Oslo’s Expectations, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, September 15, 2023. (This article summarizes the Hebrew transcript of the Israeli cabinet’s deliberations of August 30, 1993).

Makovsky, David. “Middle East Peace through Partition.” Foreign Affairs 80 (March/April 2001).

Makovsky, David, “Imagining the Border: Options for Resolving the Israeli-Palestinian Territorial Issue,” January 2011.

Ma’oz, Moshe. “From Conflict to Peace? Israel’s Relations with Syria and the Palestinians.” Middle East Journal 53:3 (Summer 1999): 393-416.

Miller, Aaron D. “The Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-1987: A Retrospective.” Middle East Journal (Summer 1987): 349-60.

Miller, Aaron D. “Jordan and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Hashemite Predicament.” Orbis (Winter 1986): 795-820.

Mishal, Shaul and Nadav Morag. “Political Expectations and Cultural Perceptions in the Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations.” Political Psychology 23:2 (2002): 325-53.

Oren, Michael B. “Nuri al-Said and the Question of Arab-Israeli Peace, 1953-1957.” Asian and African Studies, Journal of Israel Oriental Society 24:3 (November 1990): 267-82.

Oren, Michael B. “Secret Egypt‐Israel Peace Initiatives Prior to the Suez Campaign.” Middle Eastern Studies 26:3 (1990): 351-70.

Parsi, Trita. “Iran and Israel: The Avoidable War.” Middle East Policy 14:3 (2007): 79-85.

Parzen, Herbert. “A Chapter in Arab-Jewish Relations During the Mandate Era.” Jewish Social Studies 29 (October 1967): 203-33.

Pedatzur, Reuven. “Coming Back Full Circle: The Palestinian Option in 1967.” Middle East Journal 49:2 (Winter/Spring 1995): 269-91.

Peleg, Ilan. “Jewish-Palestinian Relations in Israel: From Hegemony to Equality?” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 17:3 (2003): 415-37.

Peleg, Ilan. “Solutions for the Palestinian Question: Israel’s Security Dilemma.” Comparative Strategy 4:3 (1984): 249-71.

Peretz, D. “The United States, the Arabs, and Israel: Peace Efforts of Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 401:1 (1972): 116-25.

Perlmutter, Amos. “Crisis Management: Kissinger’s Middle East Negotiations, October 1973-June 1974.” International Studies Quarterly 19 (September 1975): 316-43.

Perlmutter, Amos. “Israel’s Fourth War, October 1973, Political and Military Misperception.” Orbis 19 (Summer 1978): 434-60.

Pierre, Rondot. “Palestine: Peace Talks and Militancy.” World Today 30 (September 1974): 379-87.

Podeh, Elie. “History and Memory in the Israeli Educational System: The Portrayal of the Arab-Israeli Conflict in History Textbooks (1948-2000).” History and Memory 12:1 (Spring/Summer 2000): 65-100.

Podeh, Elie. “Israel and the Arab Peace Initiative, 2002-2014: A Plausible Missed Opportunity.” Middle East Journal, 68:4 (2014): 584–603.

Pundak, Ron. “From the Arab Peace Initiative to the Arab Spring and Back.” Palestine-Israel Journal 18:1 (2012).

Ziv Rubinovitz and Gerald Steinberg, “Not so reluctant: Menachem Begin and the Israel-Egypt peace negotiations,” Fathom Journal, June 2019, with permission of the authors.

Quandt, William B. “Camp David and Peacemaking in the Middle East.” Political Science Quarterly 101 (1986): 357-77.

Quandt, William B. “Kissinger and the Arab-Israel Disengagement Negotiations.” Journal of International Affairs 29 (Spring 1975): 33-48.

Quandt, William B. “Soviet Policy in the October Middle East War-I.” International Affairs 53 (July 1977): 377-89.

Quandt, William B. “Soviet Policy in the October Middle East War-II.” International Affairs 54 (October 1977): 587-604.

Quigley, John. “Sovereignty in Jerusalem.” Catholic University of America Law Review 45:3 (Spring 1996): 765-80.

Rabi, Uzi and Chelsi Mueller. “The Gulf Arab states and Israel since 1967: from ‘no negotiation’ to tacit cooperation,” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 44.4 (September 2017): 576-592.

Rekhess, Eli. “The Arabs of Israel After Oslo: Localization of the National Struggle.” Israel Studies 7:3 (2002): 1-44.

Rempel, Terry. “The Significance of Israel’s Partial Annexation of East Jerusalem.” Middle East Journal 51:4 (Autumn 1997): 520-34.

Roberts, Charles M. “Foreign Policy Under a Paralyzed Presidency.” Foreign Affairs Quarterly 152 (Summer 1974): 675-89.

Rowley, Charles K. and Jennis Taylor. “The Israel and Palestine Land Settlement Problem, 1948–2005: An Analytical History.” Public Choice 128:1-2 (2006): 77-90.

Rynhold, Jonathan. “The Failure of the Oslo Process: Inherently Flawed or Flawed Implementation, 1993.” The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies Perspectives 45 June 16, 2008.

Rynhold, Jonathan. “Making Sense of Tragedy: Barak, the Israeli Left and the Oslo Peace Process.” Israel Studies Forum 19:1 (Fall 2003): 9-33.

Rynhold, Jonathan. “Re-Conceptualizing Israelis Approaches to ‘Land for Peace’ and the Palestinian Question Since 1967.” Israeli Studies 6:2 (Summer 2001).

Safty, Adel. “Sadat’s Negotiations with the United States and Israel: From Sinai to Camp David.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 50 (July 1991): 285-96.

Sayigh, Yezid. “Arafat and the Anatomy of a Revolt.” Survival 43:3 (Autumn 2001), London: International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Schulman, David I. “Israel-PLO Accord on the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements: The First Step Toward Palestinian Self-Determination.” Emory International Law Review 7:2 (Fall 1993): 793-803.

Seale, Patrick. “The Syria-Israel Negotiations: Who Is Telling the Truth?” Journal of Palestine Studies 29:2 (2000): 65-77.

Sela, Avraham. “Politics, Identity and Peacemaking: The Arab Discourse on Peace with Israel in the 1990s.” Israel Studies 10:2 (2005): 15-71.

Shalev, Aryeh. “Autonomy: Problems and Possible Solutions.” Jerusalem Quarterly 15 (Spring 1980): 3-15.

Shalev, Aryeh. “Unilateral Autonomy in Judea and Samaria: Israel’s Options.” The Jerusalem Quarterly 43 (Summer 1987): 71-86.

Shatara, Fuad. “Arab-Jewish Unity in Palestine.” in Harry Vitteles and Khalil Totah (eds.) The Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Science 164 (November 1932): 178-83.

Sheehan, Edward R. F. “How Kissinger Did It – Step By Step in the Middle East.” Foreign Policy 22 (Spring 1976): 3-70.

Sheffer, Gabriel. “The Images of Arabs and Jews as a Factor in British Policy Towards Palestine (1917-1948).” Zionism 1 (Spring 1980): 105-28.

Sher, Gilead, and Mor Ben-Kalifa. Challenge to the Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty. Institute for National Security Studies, 2018.

Sherer, John L. “Soviet and American Behavior During the Yom Kippur War.” World Affairs 141 (Summer 1978): 3-23.

Shlaim, Avi. “Failures in National Intelligence Estimates: The Case of the Yom Kippur War.” World Politics 28 (April 1976): 348-80.

Singer, Joel. “The Emerging Palestinian Democracy Under the West Bank and Gaza Strip Self-Government Arrangements.” in Y. Dinstein (ed.), Israel Yearbook on Human Rights 26 (1997): 313-65.

Singer, Joel.”The Israel-PLO Mutual Recognition Agreement.” International Negotiation 26 (2021) 1-25.

Singer, Saul. “Camp David, Real and Invented.” The Middle East Quarterly 9:2 (Spring 2002): 3-12.

Slater, Jerome. “A Palestinian State and Israelis Security.” Political Science Quarterly (Fall 1991): 411-29.

Slater, Jerome. “Lost Opportunities for Peace in the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Israel and Syria, 1948–2001.” International Security 27:1 (2002): 79-106.

Smart, Ian. “The Superpowers and the Middle East.” World Today 30 (January 1974): 4-15.

Solingen, E. “The Multilateral Arab-Israeli Negotiations: Genesis, Institutionalization, Pause, Future.” Journal of Peace Research 37:2 (2000): 167-87.

Solomon, Paul. “Israel/Palestine: Roadblocks to negotiation,” Psychother Politics Int. (2018): 1-10.

Stein, Janice G. “Alchemy of Peacemaking: Prerequisites and Co-requisites of Progress in the Arab-Israeli Conflict.” International Journal 38:4 (Autumn 1983): 531-55.

Stein, Janice G. “Pre-negotiation in the Arab-Israeli Conflict: the Paradoxes of Success and Failure.” International Journal XLIV (Spring 1989): 410-41.

Stein, Janice Gross. “Structures, Strategies and Tactics of Mediation: Kissinger and Carter in the Middle East.” Negotiation Journal 1 (October 1985): 331-47.

Kenneth W. Stein, The Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1996.

Kenneth W. Stein, The Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1997.

Kenneth W. Stein, The Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1998.

Kenneth W. Stein, The Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1999.

Stein, Kenneth W. “The Camp David Accords.” Presentation remarks by Hermann F. Eilts, Samuel W. Lewis, William B. Quandt, Harold Saunders, and Daniel Kurtzer, at the Carter Presidential Conference, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, November 1990, as quoted in Rosenbaum, Herbert D. and Alexej Ugrinsky (eds.). Jimmy Carter – Foreign Policy and Post-Presidential Years, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, (1994).

Stein, Kenneth W. “Continuity and Change in Egyptian-Israeli Relations, 1973-1997.” Israel Affairs 3l: 3 & 4 (Spring/Summer 1997): 296-320.

Stein, Kenneth W. “Evolving A Diplomatic Legacy from the October War: the U.S., Egyptian, and Israeli Triangle,” in Asaf Siniver (ed.) The October 1973 War: Politics, Diplomacy, and Legacy (London: Hurst and Company, 2013), 209-229.

Stein, Kenneth W. “The Palestinian Uprising and the Shultz Initiative.” Middle East Review 21 (Winter 1988-1989): 13-20.

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