Great Powers, the Middle East and the Cold War

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Eilam, Ehud, Containment in the Middle East, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2019.

Ferris, Jesse, Nasser’s Gamble: How Intervention in Yemen Caused the Six-Day War and the Decline of Egyptian Power, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Finer, Herman, Dulles Over Suez The Theory and Practice of His Diplomacy, London: Heineman, 1964.

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Govrin, Yosef, Israeli-Soviet Relations 1953-1967: From Confrontation to Disruption, London: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998.

Hahn, Peter L., Caught in the Middle East US Policy’s Toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1945-1961, University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Heller, Joseph, The United States, The Soviet Union and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1948-67, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.

Hirszowicz, Lukasz, The Third Reich and the Arab East, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966.

Hook, Steven W. and John Spanier, American Foreign Policy Since World War II, Washington, DC: CQ Press, 21st edition, 2018. 

Hurewitz, J.C., Soviet-American Rivalry in the Middle East, New York: Praeger, 1969.

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Kedourie, Elie, In the Anglo-Arab Labyrinth The McMahon-Husayn Correspondence and its Interpretations 1914-1939, Cambridge, 1956.

Klieman, Aaron S., Soviet Russia and the Middle East, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1970.

Kohn, Hans, Nationalism and Imperialism in the Hither East, London: George Routledge and Sons, Ltd. 1932.

Komaromi, Ann, “We Are Jews Again”: Jewish Activism in the Soviet Union, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2017. 

Kozhanov, Nikolay, Russia and the Syrian Conflict: Moscow’s Domestic, Regional and Strategic Interests, Berlin: Gerlach Press, 2016.

***Kuniholm, Bruce R., The Origins of the Cold War in the Middle East Great Power Conflict and Diplomacy in Iran, Turkey, and Greece, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Laufer, Leopold, Israel and the Developing Countries: New Approaches to Cooperation, New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1967.

Laqueur, Walter Z., Communism and Nationalism in the Middle East, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1956.

***Laqueur, Walter Z., The Struggle for the Middle East the Soviet Union and the Middle East 1958-1968, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969.

***Lebow, Richard Ned and Janie Gross Stein, We All Lost the Cold War, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Lesch, David W., The New Lion of Damascus: Bashar al-Assad and Modern Syria, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. 

***Lenczowski, George, Russia and the West in Iran 1918-1948, Cornell, Ithica, 1949.

***Lieber, Robert J., Retreat and Its Consequences: American Foreign Policy and the Problem of World Order, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Lippman, Thomas W., “The Eclipse of the Soviet Union,” In Hero of the Crossing: How Anwar Sadat and the 1973 War Changed the World, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2016.

***Little, Douglas, American Orientalism the United States and the Middle East Since 1945, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

***Louis, Wm Roger, The British Empire in the Empire in the Middle East 1945-1951, Oxford, 1984.

Love, Kenneth, Suez The Twice Fought War, New York: McGraw Hill, 1969.

Mandelbaum, Michael, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019.

***Marriott, J.A.R., The Eastern Question A Study in European Diplomacy, Oxford, 1918.

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***Monroe, Elizabeth, Britain’s Moment in the Middle East, 1914-1946, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University of Press, 1963.

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Pasha, Glubb, Britain and the Arabs, A Study of Fifty Years 1908-1958, London: Houghton and Stoughton, 1959.

Patten, Howard A., Israel and the Cold War: Diplomacy, Strategy and the Policy of the Periphery at the United Nations, New York: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2013.

***Polk, William R., The United States and the Arab World,” Harvard, 1965.

Popescu, Nicu and Stanislav Secrieru, “Russia’s Return to the Middle East: Building Sandcastles?” The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), July 31, 2018.

Power, Samantha, A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide, NY: Basic Books, Hachette, reprint edition 2003/2013. 

***Primakov, Yevgeny, Russia and the Arabs: Behind the Scenes in the Middle East from the Cold War to the Present, New York: Basic Books, 2009.

Rabinovich, Abraham, The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East, New York: Schocken, 2005.

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Reidel, Bruce, “Jerusalem and Cairo,” In Beirut 1958: How America’s Wars in the Middle East Began (pp. 7-32), Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2020.

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Shorrock, William I., French Imperialism in the Middle East The Failure of Policy in Syria and Lebanon, 1900-1914, Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1976.

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Stocker, James R., Spheres of Intervention: US Foreign Policy and the Collapse of Lebanon, 1967-1976, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2016.

Stroilov, Pavel, Behind the Desert Storm: A Secret Archive Stolen From the Kremlin that Sheds New Light on the Arab Revolutions in the Middle East, Chicago: Price World Publishing, LLC, 2011.

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Worley, D. Robert, “Post-Cold War Strategy,” In Orchestrating the Instruments of Power: A Critical Examination of the U.S. National Security System (pp. 178-222), Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015.

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***Yodfat, Areyh, Arab Politics in the Soviet Mirror, Israel University Press, Jerusalem, 1973.

Zelikow, Philip, “The World of 1956,” In Suez Deconstructed: An Interactive Study in Crisis, War, and Peacemaking (pp. 11-28), Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2018.

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Aharanson, Micky, “Relations between Israel and the USSR/Russia,” The Jerusalem Institute for Strategy and Security, May 1, 2018,

Ali, Murad, Glenn Banks, and Nigel Parson,” U.S.-Israel Special Aid Relationship Dynamics and Implications for Pakistan,” Policy Perspectives, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2016.

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Berlinski, Claire, “The Cold War’s Arab Spring: How the Soviets Created Today’s Middle East,” Tablet, June 20, 2012.

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Cavari, Amnon, and Elan Nyer, “From Bipartisanship to Dysergia: Trends in Congressional Actions Toward Israel,” Israel Studies, Vol. 19, No. 3, Fall 2024.

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CIA Directorate of Intelligence, “Intelligence Report: Soviet Military Aid to the United Arab Republic, 1955-66,” March 1967.

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