We have divided the bibliography into five areas reflecting Israel’s separate relationships with China, India, Japan, South Korea, and Singapore. Not included here are general works about Israel and other Indo-Asian countries. To access the most contemporary analytical materials on the topic of Israel-Indo-Asian relations we suggest perusing the most notable think tanks across the globe.

China-Israel Books:

Brecher, Michael. Israel, the Korean War and China: Images, decisions and consequences. Jerusalem Academic Press, 1974. 

Efron, Shifra, Howard J. Shatz, Arthur Chan, Emily Haskel, Lyle J. Morris, Andrew Scobell, The Evolving Israel-China Relationship, Rand 2019, https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2641.html

Goldstein, Jonathan. China and Israel, 1948-1998: A Fifty-Year Retrospective. Praeger, 1999. 

Rudolph, Jennifer M., and Michael Szonyi. The China Questions: Critical Insights into a Rising Power. Harvard University Press, 2018.

Shichor, Yitzhak. Dimensions of China’s Foreign Relations. Praeger, 1977. 

Shichor, Yitzhak. The Middle East in China’s Foreign Policy 1949-1977. Cambridge University Press, 1979. 

Suffot, E. Zev. A China Diary: towards the establishment of China-Israel diplomatic relations. Routledge, 1997.

China-Israel Journal Articles/Digital Sources:

Cafiero, Giorgio and Daniel Wagner, “China and the Abraham Accords Peace Agreement,” Middle East Institute, September 22, 2020, https://www.mei.edu/publications/china-and-abraham-accords-peace-agreement

Chaziza, Mordechai. “China in the Middle East: Tourism as a Stealth Weapon,”
Middle East Quarterly, Fall 2019. https://www.meforum.org/59293/mordechai-chaziza-china-in-the-middle-east

Chaziza, Mordechai. “Chinese VP Visits Israel Innovation Conference,” BESA Center, November 5, 2018. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/china-wang-qishan-israel/

Dorsey, James. “Rejiggering Gulf Security: China’s Game of Shadow Boxing,” BESA Center, September 4, 2020. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/china-gulf-security/

Dostri, Omer. “China-Israel Relations: Growing Cooperation Amidst Conflicting Interests,” JISS, October 25, 2018. https://jiss.org.il/en/dostri-china-israel-relations-growing-cooperation-amidst-conflicting-interests/

Efron, Shira, Shatz, Howard J., Chan, Arthur, Haskel, Emily, Morris, Lyle J., Scobell, Andrew. “The Evolving Israel-China Relationship,” Rand Corporation, 2019. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2641.html

Efron, Shira, Schwindt, Karen, Haskel, Emily. “Chinese Investment in Israeli Technology and Infrastructure: Security Implications for Israel and the United States,” Rand Corporation, 2020. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR3176.html 

Ella, Doron and Oded Eran, “China’s Deputy Prime Minister Visits Egypt, Israel, and the Palestinian Authority,” INSS, April 21,2016. http://www.inss.org.il/index.aspx?id=4538&articleid=11759

Gering, Tuvia, “China’s View of the Abraham Accords,” Jerusalem Institute for Strategic Security, October 20, 2020, https://jiss.org.il/en/gering-chinas-view-of-the-abraham-accords/

Ghiselli, Andrea. “China and the Middle East: Growing Influence and Divergent Perceptions,” The Middle East Institute, April 17, 2018. http://www.mei.edu/content/map/china-and-middle-east-growing-influence-and-divergent-goals

Goldstein, Jonathan. “Israel and the Great People of China Today.” Midstream, vol. 39, no. 6, 1993, p. 24. 

Han, Xiaoxing. “Sino-Israeli Relations”. Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, 1993, p.63-64.

Herman, Arthur. “China and the US-Israel Special Relationship,” Tikvah Fund, December 2019. https://tikvahfund.org/library/podcast-arthur-herman-on-china-and-the-u-s-israel-special-relationship/

Mitnick, Joshua.  “Why the U.S. Can’t Get Israel to Break Up With China,” Forbes, June 16, 2020. https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/06/16/us-israel-china-deals/

Orion, Assaf and Galia Lavi, “Israel-China Relations: Opportunities and Challenges,” Institute for Strategic Studies, August 2019, https://www.inss.org.il/publication/israel-china-relations-opportunities-and-challenges/

Rosen-Koenigsbuch, Jacob. “Who Will Reconstruct War-Torn Syria? China Might Be a Candidate,” Abba Eban Institute of International Diplomacy, September 28, 2018.  https://www.eng.arenajournal.org.il/single-post/2018/09/12/Rosen-China-Syria-ENG 

Schneider, Tal, “China Trade is a National Security Issue,” Globes, Israel Business News, February 3, 2020.

Segal, Gerard. “China and Israel: Pragmatic Politics. ” Sais Review, vol.7, no. 2, 1987, p. 196.

Vinai, Matan Assaf Orion, and Galia Levi. “Israel and China: Toward a Comprehensive Innovative Partnership,” INSS, March 19, 2017. http://www.inss.org.il/index.aspx?id=4538&articleid=13158              

Yellinek, Roie. “Is China Intervening in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?” BESA Center, August 13, 2017. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/china-israel-palestinians/

Shichor, Yitzhak. “The US Role in Delaying Sino-Israeli Relation: Two’s a Company, Three’s a Crowd.” Jewish Political Science Review, Vol. 22, No. 1-2, 2010, p. 7-32. 

Wald, Shalom Salomon Wald, “China’s Rise, US Opposition, and the Implications for Israel,” The Jewish People Policy Institute Ltd., February 2020. http://jppi.org.il/new/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/China_2020E.pdf

Yellinek, Roie, “How can China maintain good relatiosn with both Israel and Iran?” Middle East Institute, September 29, 2020, https://www.mei.edu/publications/how-can-china-maintain-good-relations-both-israel-and-iran

Yellinek, Roie “How did China Win Over the Israeli People?” Middle East Institute, February 11, 2020, https://www.mei.edu/publications/how-did-china-win-over-israeli-people

India-Israel Books:

Blarel, Nicholas. The Evolution of India’s Israel policy: Continuity, change, and compromise since 1922. Oxford University Press, 2015. 

Kumaraswamy, P.R. India’s Israel Policy. Columbia University Press, 2010.

Ram Mudiam, Prithvi. India and the Middle East. British Academy Press, 1994. 

India-Israel Journal Articles:

Blarel, Nicolas, “India-Israel at 25: Defense Ties,” Middle East Institute, April 4, 2017, https://www.mei.edu/publications/india-israel-25-defense-ties

Burton, Guy. “India’a “Look West” Policy in the Middle East under Modi,” Middle East Institute, August 6, 2019, https://www.mei.edu/publications/indias-look-west-policy-middle-east-under-modi

Dasgupta, Punyapriya. “Betrayal of India’s Israel Policy.” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 27, no. 15-16, 11-18, 1992, p. 767-772. 

Eran, Oded. “India and Israel: A Strategic Alliance?” INSS, July 6, 2017.  www.inss.org.il/publication/india-israel-strategic-alliance/?offset=8&posts=959&type=399

Inbar, Efraim. “Indian Prime Minister Makes Historic Visit to Jerusalem, Skips Ramallah,” BESA Center, July 1, 2017. http://www.meforum.org/6801/modi-in-israel 

India Defense News, “India, Israel sign cultural agreement to further strengthen people-to-people ties,” India Defense News, August 22, 2020. www.indiandefensenews.in/2020/08/india-israel-sign-cultural-agreement-to.html

Jaishankar, Dhruva and Shruti Godbole. “Even as India attempts to ‘Act East’, it is ‘Thinking West,’” Brookings Institute,  July 6, 2017.  https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/even-as-india-attempts-to-act-east-it-is-thinking-west/

Kumaraswamy, P. R. “India and Israel: Prelude to Normalization”. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 19, no. 02, 1995, p. 53-73. 

Kumaraswamy, P. R. “India’s Recognition of Israel, September 1950”. Middle Eastern Studies. Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 31, 1995, p. 124–138.

Kumaraswamy , P.R. “India’s New Israel Policy How the Decline of the Palestinian Issue and Economic Reorientation Accelerate Indo-Israeli Cooperation,” Stiftung fur Wissenschaft und Politik, March 11, 2019, https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/comments/2019C11_kumaraswamy.pdf 

Kumaraswamy, P. R. “India’s New Crush on Israel,” Tablet, August 14, 2017. http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/243136/indias-new-crush-on-israel

Kumaraswamy, P. R. “Strategic Partnership Between Israel and India”. Middle East Review of International Affairs, vol. 2, no. 2, 1998, 2.

Pethiyagoda, Kadira. “Is it time for India to play a role in Israeli-Palestinian peace?” Brookings Institution, February 22, 2018. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2018/02/22/is-it-time-for-india-to-play-a-role-in-israeli-palestinian-peace/

C. Rajiv, Samuel. “India and Israel: Strategic Partners on the Move,” BESA Center, January 20, 2018. https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/india-israel-strategic-partners/

Salomon-Wald, Shalom. “India’s Israel relations, the Middle East and China,” Jewish People’s Policy Institute, November 2018. http://jppi.org.il/new/en/article/english-indias-israel-relations-the-middle-east-and-china/#.XAU94C-ZNTZ

Sinai, Allon “Despite Covid-19 calamity, India’s economy is primed for Israeli tech,” Calcalist, September 27, 2020.  https://www.calcalistech.com/ctech/articles/0,7340,L-3851572,00.html 

Wermenbol, Grace. “A Passage to India: Israel’s Pivot East,” Atlantic Council, July 24, 2019, https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/menasource/a-passage-to-india-israel-s-pivot-east/

Japan-Israel Books:

Kranzler, David. Japanese, Nazis, and Jews: The Jewish refugee community of Shanghai, 1938-1945. Yeshiva University Press, 1976.

McCarthy, Mary. Routledge Handbook of Japanese Foreign Policy. Routledge, 2018.

Mikitani, Hiroshi, and Ryōichi Mikitani. Power to Compete: an Economist and an Entrepreneur on Revitalizing Japan in the Global Economy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.

Sugihara, Kaoru. Japan in the Contemporary Middle East: a Publication of the SOAS Japan Research Centre and the SOAS Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies. Routledge, 2008.

Japan-Israel Journal Articles:

Brummer, Matthew and Eitan Oren, “Israel and Japan’s Rising Sun Relations,” Foreign Affairs, July 28, 2018. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/japan/2017-07-28/israel-and-japans-rising-sun-relations

Charles, Dani. Dani Charles, “Chutzpah meets Monozukuri: A Look at the Japanese-Israeli Cyber Relationship,” Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA, September 24, 2019. https://spfusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Chutzpah-meets-Monozukuri-FINAL-1.pdf

Cohen, Yaacov. “Japanese-Israel Relations, The United States, and Oil.” Jewish Political Studies Review, vol. 17, no. 1/2, 1 Apr. 2005, pp. 135–155.

Kaminer, Michael. “Japan’s Israeli Food Wave – And More Need-to-Know Food News,” Forward, June 8, 2016. http://forward.com/food/342064/japans-israeli-food-wave-and-more-need-to-know-food-news/ 

Kazuo, Miyazi. “Middle East Studies in Japan.” Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, vol. 34, no. 01, 2000, pp. 23–36.

Landau, Noa. “Despite Support for Palestinians, as China Grows Stronger Japan Seeks Closer Ties with Israel,” Haaretz, May 02, 2018. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-despite-support-for-palestinians-japan-seeks-closer-ties-with-israel-1.6050372

Lerman, Eran. “Khamenei’s Slant on WWII: Iran Must Not Go the Way of Germany and Japan,” The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, September 28, 2016.  http://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/367-lerman-khameneis-slant-wwii-iran-must-not-go-way-germany-japan/

Medzini, Meron. “Japan and the Middle East”. Hamizrach Hachadash, vol. 22, no. 1, 1972, p. 37. 

Newman, Glenn. “Japanese and Israelis could make a killer yin-and-yang combo,” Japan Times, January 19, 2015. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/community/2018/08/19/voices/japanese-israelis-make-killer-yin-yang-combo/#.XDdRTi-ZNTY

Pick, Adi, “Japanese Interest in Israeli Tech Continues to Surge,” Calcalist, December 1, 2019. https://www.calcalistech.com/ctech/articles/0,7340,L-3774920,00.html

Radtke, Kurt W. “Japan-Israel Relations in the Eighties.” Asian Survey, vol. 28, no. 5, 1988, pp. 526–540.

Reingold, Ruth N., and Paul Lansing. “An Ethical Analysis of Japan’s Response to the Arab Boycott of Israel.” Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 3, 1994, p. 335.

Shamah, David. “New Israel-Japan agreement follows in wake of Sony deal,” Times of Israel, March 11, 2016. https://www.timesofisrael.com/new-israel-japan-agreement-follows-in-wake-of-sony-deal

Stern, Willy. “Japan: A Willing Participant in the Arab Boycott of Israel.” Middle East Review, vol. 21, no. 1, 1988, p. 47. 

Udasin, Sharon. “Israel, Japan Sign Economic Cyber Cooperation Agreement,” Jerusalem Post, May 3, 2017. www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israel-Japan-sign-economic-cyber-cooperation-agreements-489647

Udasin, Sharon. “Israeli Japanese partnerships on business tech blossoming,” Jerusalem Post, January 24, 2017. http://www.jpost.com/Business-and-Innovation/Israeli-Japanese-partnerships-on-business-tech-blossoming-479463

Wasteson, Karin. “Japanese investments in Israeli tech innovation on the rise,” Private Equity Wire UK, September 16, 2020.  https://www.privateequitywire.co.uk/2020/09/16/289745/japanese-investments-israeli-tech-innovation-rise

Israel-South Korea Journal Articles/Digital Sources:

Alper, Tim. “Talmud-inspired learning craze sweeps South Korea.” Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 14 January 2019. https://www.jta.org/2019/01/14/global/talmud-inspired-learning-craze-sweeps-south-korea

Arbes, Ross. “How the Talmud became a best-seller in South Korea.” The New Yorker. 23 June 2015. https://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/how-the-talmud-became-a-best-seller-in-south-korea

Bachner, Michael. “Rivlin visits Korean Demilitarized Zone, calling it ‘the mouth of a volcano’.” The Times of Israel. 17 July 2019. https://www.timesofisrael.com/rivlin-visits-korean-demilitarized-zone-calling-it-the-mouth-of-a-volcano/

Barak, Naama. “South Koreans are flocking to Israel for Bible study… why?” Israel21c. 26 May 2019. https://www.israel21c.org/south-koreans-are-flocking-to-israel-for-bible-study-why/

Cohen, Yaacov. “The Improvement in Israeli-south Korean Relations.” Jewish Political Studies Review 18.1/2 (2006): 105-18. 

Coren, Ora and Hagai Amit. “Israel Agrees on Trade Deal With South Korea That Excludes West Bank, East Jerusalem, Golan.” Haaretz. 22 August 2019. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-agrees-on-trade-deal-with-s-korea-that-excludes-w-bank-e-j-lem-golan-1.7730305

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “Israel and South Korea declare conclusion to joint negotiations on a free trade agreement.” Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 21 August 2019. https://mfa.gov.il/mfa/innovativeisrael/economy/pages/israel-and-south-korea-declare-conclusion-to-joint-negotiations-on-a-free-trade-agreement-21-august-2019.aspx

Jaffee-Hoffman, Maayan. “Israel and South Korea grow closer based on history, business, innovation … and God.” Jewish News Syndicate. 26 February 2018. https://www.jns.org/israel-and-south-korea-grow-closer-based-on-history-business-innovation-and-god/

Lee, David. “SOUTH KOREAN CHRISTIANS BUILD CLOSER MEDIA TIES WITH ISRAEL.” The Jerusalem Post. 4 September 2018. https://www.jns.org/israel-and-south-korea-grow-closer-based-on-history-business-innovation-and-god/

Levkowitz, Alon. “Korea and the Middle East Turmoil: A Reassessment of South Korea–Middle East Relations.” The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 24.2 (2012): 225–238. Korean Institute for Defense Analyses. http://portal.idc.ac.il/he/schools/government/research/documents/levkowitz.pdf

Levkowitz, Alon. “South Korean Popular Culture as a Confidence-Building Measure (CBM) in the Middle East.” Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs 11:1 (2017): 91-99. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1080/23739770.2017.1301021.

Levkowitz, Alon. “South Korea’s Middle East Policy.” Mideast Security and Policy Studies 106 (2013): 1-32. The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. https://besacenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/MSPS106.pdf

Levkowitz, Alon. “The Republic of Korea and the Middle East: Economics, Diplomacy, and Security.” Academic Paper Series 5.6 (2010): 1-9. Korea Economic Institute. http://keia.org/sites/default/files/publications/APS-Levkowitz-FINAL%202010(MYM).pdf

Levkowitz, Alon. “Upgrading Israeli-South Korean Relations: Can Seoul Tilt in Favor of Jerusalem?” Middle East Institute. 15 Sept. 2014.  https://www.mei.edu/publications/upgrading-israeli-south-korean-relations-can-seoul-tilt-favor-jerusalem

Lyan, Irina and Alon Levkowitz. “From Holy Land to ‘Hallyu Land’: The symbolic journey following the Korean Wave in Israel.” Journal of Fandom Studies 3.1 (2015): 7-21. Ingenta Connect. https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/intellect/jfs/2015/00000003/00000001/art00002

Ningthoujam, Alvite Singh. “Israel–South Korea Relations: The Military Dimension.” Contemporary Review of the Middle East, 4.2 (2007): 168–192. SAGE Journals. https://doi.org/10.1177/2347798917700767

Podoler, Guy. “Diplomacy in Play, The Role of Sport in Early Korea-Israel Relations.” Sport in Korea: History, Development, Management, Ed. Dae Hee Kwak, Yong Jae Ko, Inkyu Kang, and Mark Rosentraub. London and New York: Routledge, 2018. 

Podoler, Guy.  “A South Korean Progressive Outlook on the Middle East Conflict: Contextualizing Hankyoreh’s Coverage of the Gaza War.” Korea Observer,44 (2013): 223-247. ResearchGate. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289802790_A_South_Korean_Progressive_Outlook_on_the_Middle_East_Conflict_Contextualizing_Hankyoreh’s_Coverage_of_the_Gaza_War

Podoler, Guy. “Another Orient in early Zionist thought: East Asia in the press of the Ben-Yehuda family.” Israel Affairs, 19.3, (2013): 433-450. Taylor & Francis Online. 

Podoler, Guy. “Enter the ‘Far East’: Korean culture in early South Korea–Israel relations.” International Journal of Cultural Policy 20.5 (2014): 519-535. Taylor & Francis Online. 

Scheer, Steven. “Israel, South Korea forge free trade deal.” Reuters. 21 August 2019. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-southkorea-trade/israel-south-korea-forge-free-trade-deal-idUSKCN1VB1W3

Shamah, David. “‘Israel and South Korea could be economic powerhouse’.” The Times of Israel. 14 November 2013. https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-and-south-korea-could-be-economic-powerhouse/

Song, NIU. “God Belief in South Korea-Israel Relations.” World Journal of Islamic History and Civilization, 4.4 (2014): 139-145. Semantic Scholar. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fb02/f812febd0ba74bfd6633223eec867cdbba2f.pdf

The Times of Israel. “Israel inks free-trade deal with South Korea despite settlement row.” The Times of Israel. 21 August 2019. https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-inks-free-trade-deal-with-south-korea-despite-settlement-row/

Young, Sam Ma. “Israel’s Role in the UN during the Korean War.” Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs 4.3 (2010): 81-89. 


Huxley, Tim. Defending the Lion City: The armed forces of Singapore. Allen & Unwin, 2001.  

Senior, Dan, and Singer, Saul.  Start-Up Nation: The story of Israel’s economic miracle. Council of Foreign Relations, New York (2014).   

Tomba, Mattia. Ed. Beating the Odds Together: 50 Years of Singapore-Israelite ties. Middle East Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore (2020).  

Journal Articles/Digital Resources:

Abadi, Jacob. Israel’s Quest for Recognition and Acceptance in Asia. London: Frank Cass. pp. 171–190, (2004)

Alster, Paul. “Behind the Iron Dome: Key engineer tells how Israeli defense system saved lives,” Fox News (2 December, 2012). https://www.foxnews.com/world/behind-the-iron-dome-key-engineer-tells-how-israeli-defense-system-saved-lives

Barzilai, Amnon.  “A deep, dark, secret love affair,” Haaretz Israeli News, (16 July 2004). https://www.haaretz.com/1.4758973

Israel Ministry of Economy and Industry, Foreign Trade Administration. “Singapore-Israel trade hits almost $2 billion in 2013,” (17 January 2014).  https://itrade.gov.il/singapore/2014/01/17/singapore-israel-trade-hits-almost-s2-billion-2013/

Jaipragas, Bhavan“Netanyahu’s drama-free Singapore trip: Are Malaysia, Indonesia finally warming to Israel?” South China Morning Post, (25 February 2017). https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geopolitics/article/2073847/netanyahus-drama-free-singapore-trip-are-malaysia-indonesia

Mittelman, Sharyn. “Israel and Singapore – out of the shadows,” Jerusalem Post (6 June 2016). https://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Israel-and-Singapore-out-of-the-shadows-456095

Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “Speech by Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Dr Maliki Osman During the Committee of Supply Debate, 2 March 2020.” https://www.mfa.gov.sg/Newsroom/Press-Statements-Transcripts-and-Photos/2020/03/020320_SMS-COS-2020