1967 War

Following an increased verbal barrage from Arab capitals threatening its destruction, coupled with the massive remilitarization of Sinai with Egyptian troops and a blockade of its southern port of Elat, Israel preemptively struck Egypt and Syria on June 5. In six days Israel executed a lightning victory. It secured control over the Golan Heights, Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank including all of Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. It increased its territorial size five-fold and found itself unexpectedly in control of more than one million Palestinians. Israelis and world Jewry sensed euphoria from the victory. However, as a result of the war, no Arab-Israeli negotiations took place, with Arab states even more adamant of not making peace or negotiating with Israel. Two political streams in Israel slowly emerged—one that wanted to settle in the newly acquired territories, and a second that sought to relinquish them for treaties with Arab states.

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